Health Communication in Families

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00597961
First received: January 9, 2008
Last updated: January 7, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

There are two goals of this research study. First, we hope to develop a plan to guide family discussions that can help parents diagnosed with lung cancer talk about cancer risk with their adult children. Second, we want to understand how families talk about cancer prevention.


Condition
Lung Cancer
Melanoma
Skin Cancer

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Health Communication in Families

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • We will use data from our qualitative interviews to develop a family-focused assessment battery for examining risk perception and risk communication in families affected by cancer. [ Time Frame: 7 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 42
Study Start Date: August 2003
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

In large part due to the advent of genetic testing, families have recently become a more central focus in cancer prevention. Given the high concordance of health behaviors within families (Kristeller et al., 1996), there is interest in developing family-wide behavior change interventions to reduce cancer risk. A cancer diagnosis represents a "teachable moment," in which a diagnosis may prompt health behavior change. Although this phenomenon has been observed among cancer survivors, it has not been examined among a patient's family members. Several critical questions exist about how families understand and communicate with regard to cancer risk information and what family processes facilitate or impede health behavior change. There is very little existent research in the area of cancer prevention among family members of cancer patients. Results in this area could help us develop interventions for family members who are motivated to make health behavior changes, and to inform and guide others who may not be motivated at the time their family member is diagnosed. Most importantly, the results could also help us intervene with family members of those who have been diagnosed with cancers where genetic and lifestyle components are important in the etiology of the illness, such as lung cancer and melanoma, and thus first-degree family members would benefit from strong messages to adopt healthy lifestyles. The research will rely on qualitative data collection and analysis. We will conduct qualitative interviews with 20 pairs of melanoma patients and one adult son or daughter, and 20 pairs of lung cancer patients and one adult child/sibling/or spouse. More specifically, for each pair of participants (i.e., the patient and his/her family member) we will conduct three interviews: an individual interview with the patient, an individual interview with the family member, and a joint interview where we will talk to the patient and family member at the same time. We will analyze interview data with a qualitative data computer analysis program, and identify themes and conclusions representing the core ideas in our data.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Concentrating on two distinct tumor types, lung cancer and melanoma, because of the prominence of risk behaviors in the etiology of both of these cancers. With regard to lung cancer, we have identified high concordance of smoking among the spouses, siblings and children of recently diagnosed patients. In the context of melanoma, patients report a desire to use focused family discussions to encourage family members to reduce their skin cancer risk and increase early detection behaviors.

"Family" defined as a group consisting of blood relatives, domestic partners, & on-blood relatives as defined by cancer patient. During interviews with melanoma-affected families we will be gathering data from a melanoma patient & ne of their adult sons or daughters. During the interviews with lung cancer-affected families we will be gathering data from a lung cancer patient and either one of their adult children, or one of their siblings, or their spouse.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Lung cancer patients must have a history of smoking.
  • Family members of lung cancer patients must be active smokers in order to participate in the study.
  • All participants must be more than 18 years of age and be fluent in English.
  • Patients must have received a diagnosis of either lung cancer or melanoma within the past 3 to 18 months.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00597961

Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jamie Ostroff, PhD Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00597961     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 03-088
Study First Received: January 9, 2008
Last Updated: January 7, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:
Lung
skin
melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Skin Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Melanoma
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Skin Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014