Medical Office Intervention for Adolescent Drug Use - Attention Study Supplement
This study will use the CCPT II to assess attention in 12-21 year olds enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of a brief behavioral treatment for substance abuse.
This study will describe at baseline levels of attention using a well validated instrument (Connors Continuous Performance Test II) and explore the association between attention levels and substance use. The primary study hypothesis is that lower initial levels of substance use (as measured by percent days abstinent) will be associated with higher attention levels. We envision that this data will inform a better understanding of how attention may modify treatment response.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Official Title:||Medical Office Intervention for Adolescent Drug Use - Research Supplement for Under-represented Minorities|
- Score on the Connors Continuous Performance Test II (CCPT II) [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Percentage of days abstinent [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Participants in this study will be 12-21 year old patients who have been referred to the Adolescent Substance Abuse Program for evaluation of drug or alcohol use and are participating in the parent study, "Medical Office Intervention for Adolescent Drug Abuse."
Research among adolescents with substance use problems presents unique challenges to investigators. Issues with recruitment, confidentiality, and follow-up have been cited as common limitations to research in this area. One likely contributor to decreased treatment persistence and follow-up is the limited ability to sustain attention that many adolescents, especially those with substance problems, may manifest. (Taper, 2002) Thus, assessing attention before beginning substance abuse treatment has the potential not only to inform the science of adolescent addiction medicine, but also to guide the development of therapies to specifically address attention deficits among adolescent substance users. Adolescent outpatients being treated for substance problems have not been systematically studied for clinical or subclinical attention levels.
The primary aims this study are as follows:
- To test the feasibility of administering the Connors Continuous Performance Test II (CCPT II), a well validated measure of attention, to a sample of 12-21 year old patients receiving treatment for substance abuse.
- To obtain baseline descriptive statistics on the CCPT II in a previously understudied group of young patients receiving treatment for substance abuse.
- To estimate the magnitude of the association between substance use and levels of attention at baseline before treatment.
- To explore the degree to which attention may affect response to substance abuse treatment in general and specifically motivational interviewing.
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Children's Hospital Boston|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Principal Investigator:||John R Knight, MD||Children's Hospital Boston|