Triple III Comparison of Leflunomide Alone Versus Two DMARD Combinations in the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
James R. O'Dell, MD, University of Nebraska
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00579878
First received: December 17, 2007
Last updated: January 2, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

The study has been designed as a 48-week, double-blind, randomized, controlled study comparing the use of leflunomide alone to combinations of leflunomide-sulfasalazine-HCQ, and methotrexate-sulfasalazine-HCQ.


Condition Intervention Phase
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug: Leflunomide
Drug: Methotrexate-Sulfasalazine-Hydroxychloroquine
Drug: Leflunomide-Sulfasalazine-Hydroxychloroquine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Triple III Comparison of Leflunomide Alone Versus Two DMARD Combinations (Leflunomide-Hydroxychloroquine-Sulfasalazine or Methotrexate-Hydroxychloroquine-Sulfasalazine) in the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Nebraska:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Measuring the safety and efficacy of a new DMARD, Leflunomide,alone or in combination with traditional DMARD's. [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: December 1999
Study Completion Date: March 2010
Primary Completion Date: March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1- Leflunomide alone - vs combination therapy
Group A: Leflunomide alone
Drug: Leflunomide
A loading dose of 100 mg (or placebo) for three (3) days will be given. Following that three-day period, a dose of 20 mg/day will be maintained throughout the remainder of the study. This dose may be decreased to 10 mg/day at the discretion of the treating physician if minor toxicities occur (e.g., diarrhea, liver enzyme elevations
Other Name: Arava®
Drug: Leflunomide
a loading dose of 100 mg (or placebo) for three (3) days will be given. Following that three-day period, a dose of 20 mg/day will be maintained throughout the remainder of the study. This dose may be decreased to 10 mg/day at the discretion of the treating physician if minor toxicities occur (e.g., diarrhea, liver enzyme elevations).
Other Names:
  • Avara
  • Rheumatex
  • Azulfidrine
  • Plaquenil
Active Comparator: Methotrexate-Sulfasalazine-Hydroxychloroquine

Methotrexate: Dosing will start at 10mg/week. If total remission (according to ACR criteria) has not been achieved and labs are acceptable at the 8-week evaluation, the dosage will be increased to a dose of 15 mg/week Accordingly, if total remission has not been achieved and labs remain acceptable at the 16-week evaluation, the dosage will be increased to the top dose of 20 mg/week This dose will remain stable until the end of the study.

Sulfasalazine: Dosing will start at 500 mg bid (1000 mg/day). This dose will remain steady until the 24-week evaluation. If total remission has not been achieved by this time and the labs remain acceptable, the dosage will be increased to the top dose of 1000 mg bid (2000 mg/day)

Hydroxychloroquine: Dosing will be started and maintained throughout the study at a dose of 200 mg bid (400 mg/day).

Intervention will remain as listed above.

Drug: Methotrexate-Sulfasalazine-Hydroxychloroquine

Methotrexate:

dosing starts at 10mg/week (4 tabs/wk). If total remission (according to ACR criteria found in Appendix II) has not been achieved and the labs are acceptable at the 8-week evaluation, the dose increased to 15 mg/week (6 tabs/wk);at the 16-week evaluation, the dose increased to 20 mg/week (8 tabs/wk). This dose will remain stable until the end of the study.

Sulfasalazine: dosing will start at 500 mg bid (1000 mg/day). This dose will remain steady until the 24-week evaluation. If total remission has not been achieved by this time and the labs remain acceptable,dose will be increased to 1000 mg bid (2000 mg/day) Hydroxychloroquine: dosing will be started and maintained throughout the study at 200 mg bid (400 mg/day).

Other Names:
  • Trexall, Rheumatrex
  • Azulfidine®
  • Plaquenil®
Active Comparator: 3
Leflunomide-Sulfasalazine-Hydroxychloroquine
Drug: Leflunomide-Sulfasalazine-Hydroxychloroquine
Leflunomide: dose of 100 mg (or placebo) for three (3) days. Followed by a dose of 20 mg/day will be maintained throughout the remainder of the study. dose may be decreased to 10 mg/day at the discretion of the treating physician if minor toxicities occur Sulfasalazine: dosing will start at 500 mg bid (1000 mg/day). This dose will remain steady until the 24-week evaluation. If total remission has not been achieved by this time and the labs remain acceptable, dose will be increased to 1000 mg bid (2000 mg/day) Hydroxychloroquine: dosing will be started and maintained throughout the study at 200 mg bid (400 mg/day).
Other Names:
  • Arava®
  • Azulfidine®
  • Plaquenil®

Detailed Description:

Objectives: The combination of methotrexate-sulfasalazine-hydroxychloroquine has been shown to be more effective than methotrexate alone or the double combination of methotrexate-sulfasalazine or methotrexate-hydroxychloroquine. The objective of this study is to look at the safety and efficacy of a new DMARD, leflunomide, alone or in combination with traditional DMARDs (sulfasalazine and hydroxychloroquine).

Research Design: This protocol has been designed as a 48 week, double blind, randomized, prospective and controlled. A total of 180 subjects will be enrolled, and randomly assigned to one of three study arms (60 subjects in each arm): 1) leflunomide alone; 2) leflunomide-sulfasalazine-hydroxychloroquine; 3) methotrexate-sulfasalazine-hydroxychloroquine. All subjects will receive an identical number of medications in a combination of active drug and placebo. Patients are further stratified into two groups: methotrexate-naïve (no history of methotrexate); and methotrexate-failure (failed to achieve clinical response at top dose of 20 mg/week for at least 8 weeks). Methotrexate-naïve patients will start the study at 10 mg/week methotrexate with possible increases at next evaluations dependent on remission criteria. Methotrexate-failure patients will start the study at the top study dose of 20 mg/week and remain at that dose for the entire study.

Methodology: All patients will be recruited from outpatient academic, private practice, and VA rheumatology clinics. Subjects will be between the ages of 19 and 80 years. No pediatric subjects will be enrolled. No enrollment restrictions are based on race, ethnic origin or gender. Inclusion criteria includes: formal diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis per ACR criteria; disease duration of >6 months; at least 6 swollen and 6 tender joints on examination; and negative urine pregnancy test for premenopausal females. Specific exclusion criteria includes: previous treatment with leflunomide or combination DMARDs; abnormal lab values; history of allergy to sulfa, aspirin or tartrazine; any significant comorbid diseases; and unwillingness to avoid alcohol. Study subjects will return for evaluations every 8 weeks. All patients will be monitored for efficacy and signs of drug toxicity throughout the study by laboratory examination (CBC with platelets, AST or ALT, albumin, creatinine, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate), hand x-rays, retinal examination, and chest x-rays (if indicated). Every six months subjects will be asked to complete the ClinHAQ and SF36 questionnaires, designed to evaluate the effect of RA on daily live (ADLs). Subjects will be withdrawn from the study: due to pregnancy; serious adverse event not alleviated by symptomatic treatment; recurrent toxicity that reappears after treatment or drug suspension; lack of efficacy (20% improvement by week 32); non-compliance with the protocol; or withdrawal of consent. The primary study outcome measures were planned before data collection began.

Clinical Relationship: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease affecting a large proportion of the population. It produces significant morbidity and may result in premature mortality. The majority of patients with RA remain on disease-modifying agents for less than two years because of toxicity or lack of efficacy. Because of the failure of standard therapies to consistently halt and slow the progression of disease and the incidence of side effects, new approaches are clearly needed.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age greater or 19 years and less than or 80 years old
  • Duration of disease greater or equal to 6 months
  • Diagnosis of RA with criteria
  • Negative urine pregnancy test
  • Be capable of understanding and giving written, voluntary informed consent
  • Must present with at least six swollen and six tender joints at the screening evaluation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients treated previously with leflunomide
  • Patients that have been treated with methotrexate in combination with any of the study drugs
  • Patients with a history of allergy to, or any history of significant clinical or laboratory adverse experience associated with any of the study drugs
  • Doses of oral steroids that are either unstable or greater than 10mg/day
  • Stage IV disease or other significant disease including chest x-rays that show evidence of rheumatoid lung disease. Stage IV disease is defined as x-ray evidence of cartilage/bone destruction with fibrous or bony ankylosis; creatinine greater than 2.0mg/dL, AST or ALT greater normal
  • Any significant liver, renal , hematologic, pulmonary, cardiovascular disease (including uncontrolled hypertension), any active peptic ulcer disease, or visual problems including a recent decrease in acuity, retinal disease, or macular degeneration
  • Patients who are not willing to abstain from alcohol consumption
  • Women of childbearing potential who are not practicing a successful method of contraception, or wish to become pregnant
  • Patients that are unable to understand the study procedures and/or give written informed consent.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00579878

Locations
United States, Nebraska
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 69198-3025
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Nebraska
Investigators
Principal Investigator: James R O'Dell, MD University of Nebraska
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: James R. O'Dell, MD, Principal Investigator, University of Nebraska
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00579878     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 012-01
Study First Received: December 17, 2007
Last Updated: January 2, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Methotrexate
Hydroxychloroquine
Leflunomide
Sulfasalazine
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Antimalarials

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014