Effects of Glycoxidative Stress on Human Aging
Advanced glycation products or AGEs are a heterogeneous group of molecules formed by exposure of tissue constituents to high levels of reducing sugars, e.g. glucose. The interaction of these compounds with extra- and intra-cellular components may account in part for several conditions related to aging. It has recently been recognized that AGEs are also formed during the preparation of food by heating, are absorbed into the circulation and become largely incorporated into tissue components. Accumulation of these exogenous substances over time may, together with those generated endogenously, contribute to the clinical manifestations and complications of aging.
This is an interventional-randomized study in which we are trying to determine whether a diet low in AGE can effectively reduce circulating AGE levels, with or without altering oxidation or inflammatory markers, in a subset of both young and older subjects , over a period of 4 months. If positive results are obtained, longer-term prospective studies will be designed to determine if this intervention can affect disease outcomes in older age subjects.
The study design is very simple and consists initially of obtaining a dietary history, a blood sample, 24-hour urine collection and, subsequently, of determining the effects of a low-AGE diet for 4 months on the plasma levels of these compounds in a group of healthy subjects.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Effects of Glycoxidative Stress on Human Aging|
- Levels of AGE [ Time Frame: Monthly ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Side Effect Measurement [ Time Frame: Monthly ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: 1 - Low AGE Diet
Low Age Diet
Other: Low AGE Diet
Active Comparator: 2 - Regular Diet
Other: Regular Diet
Advancing age is known to be associated with increased oxidant stress (OS), increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease, impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes mellitus, decline of renal function, and accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). AGEs can lead to activation of transcriptional pathways, excessive proliferative/growth-related phenomena and sustained inflammation and through these different mechanisms may contribute significantly to the clinical complications of aging. Recently, it has become clear that a major source of AGE precursors and OS is the Western diet. The body turnover of AGEs involves specific receptors and is also dependent on renal function.
While experimental work has linked AGE-mediated OS and chronic complications in aging animals, human studies are strikingly lacking. We plan to test the following two hypotheses: 1) older men and women (age > 60 years) who consume standard diets (usually high in AGE content) will have higher serum levels of AGEs in conjunction with higher markers of OS, vascular dysfunction and inflammation when compared with younger subjects (age < 35 but >18 years), and 2) dietary AGE restriction will reduce the serum levels of AGE, markers of OS, vascular dysfunction and inflammation and attenuate the difference between older and younger groups.
To determine the effect of dietary AGE modification for 4 months on circulating levels of AGEs, markers of oxidative stress, vascular dysfunction, inflammatory mediators and AGE-receptor mechanisms in PBMN in old and young subjects. This will be a randomized study (Study 2).
|United States, New York|
|Mount Sinai School of Medicine|
|New York, New York, United States, 10029|
|Principal Investigator:||Helen Vlassara, MD||Mount Sinai School of Medicine|