Optimalization of Nephroprotection Using N-Acetylcysteine
The main purpose of the study is find whether the addition of N-acetylcysteine (antioxidant) to dual renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade involving angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and AT-1 angiotensin II receptor blocker leads to the reduction of proteinuria, main prognostic marker of chronic kidney disease progression.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Effect of N-Acetylcysteine on Proteinuria and Markers of Tubular Injury in Non-Diabetic Patientswith Chronic Kidney Disease-Placebo Controlled, Randomized,Open, Cross-Over Study|
- Investigate the antiproteinuric effect of adding antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine to the combination therapy with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and AT-1 receptor blocker in maximal recommended doses.
- Investigate the effect of the study intervention on urine excretion of N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase, alfa1-microglobulin and amino-terminal propeptide of type III procollagen
|Study Start Date:||January 2005|
Drug: ACC (N-acetylcysteine) 1200 mg
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays an important role in the progression of chronic kidney diseases (CKD), and inhibition of the RAAS with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARB) may retard CKD progression. Dual pharmacological blockade of the RAAS with ACEI and ARB is recommended as a standard renoprotective management at least in patients with nondiabetic proteinuric CKD. However, neither ACEI nor ARB, even in high doses or in concomitant usage, abrogate the progression of CKD completely. Innovative approaches are needed to keep patients with CKD off dialysis. Additional antioxidant (N-acetylcysteine) may prove to be such beneficial therapeutic concept. To shed more light on this issue, we performed a randomised open controlled study to evaluate the influence of triple N-acetylcysteine and RAAS therapy on surrogate markers of kidney injury, i.e. proteinuria, markers of tubular involvement and kidney fibrosis.