The Effects of Red Wine and White Wine on Blood Estrogen and Progesterone Levels
Healthy pre-menopausal women will be recruited in order to test the effects of red wine and white wine on blood estrogen and progesterone levels. The women will be randomized and rotated through two different treatments (red wine, white wine). Estrone and estradiol are hormones in the category of estrogens. It is known that the bodies of both men and women may convert (or aromatize) a certain amount of naturally occurring testosterone into estrogen. Aromatase inhibitors have been used to prevent this conversion, or aromatization, of testosterone into estrogen, in the treatment of estrogen-dependent breast cancer in women. This inhibition leads to a marked decrease in estrogen (estradiol and estrone) levels. Naturally occurring aromatase inhibitors include grapes, grape juice, and red, but not white wine. The aromatase inhibitory effects are attributed to wine phytochemicals and not to alcohol. Based upon this information, the investigators will monitor the estrogen levels at various phases in the menstrual cycles of women since hormone levels naturally vary throughout the menstrual cycle. Several epidemiologic studies have found that there is a correlation with moderate to high levels of alcohol consumption and breast cancer. Therefore, study participants will be asked to drink only a eight ounces of wine which should have minimal or no risk for the development of breast cancer.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||The Effects of Red Wine and White Wine on Blood Estrogen and Progesterone Levels|
- blood estrogen and progesterone levels [ Time Frame: 15 minutes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Active Comparator: Red Wine||
Other: Red Wine
8 ounces of assigned beverage (red wine) each evening and abstinence from any other alcoholic beverages, grape juice, grapes, or raisins.
|Active Comparator: White Wine||
Other: White Wine
8 ounces of assigned beverage (white wine) each evening and abstinence from any other alcoholic beverages, grape juice, grapes, or raisins.
|United States, California|
|Cedars-Sinai Women's Heart Center|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048|
|Principal Investigator:||Glenn D Braunstein, MD||Cedars Sinai Medical Cneter|