Yttrium Y 90 Ibritumomab Tiuxetan, Etoposide, Cyclophosphamide, and an Autologous Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00562978
First received: November 22, 2007
Last updated: December 16, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies, such as yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan, can find cancer cells and carry tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as etoposide and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to kill cancer cells or stop them from growing. Giving radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies together with etoposide and cyclophosphamide before a peripheral blood stem cell transplant may be an effective treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan when given together with etoposide and cyclophosphamide followed by an autologous stem cell transplant and to see how well it works in treating patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Lymphoma
Biological: filgrastim
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: etoposide
Procedure: autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Radiation: yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Trial of Escalating Dose of Yttrium-90-labeled Anti-CD20 Monoclonal Antibody in Combination With High-Dose Etoposide and Cyclophosphamide Followed by Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With Relapsed B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by City of Hope Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Response [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Duration of response (phase II) [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival (phase II) [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Disease-free survival (phase II) [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 67
Study Start Date: September 1999
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new preparative regimen of yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan in combination with high-dose etoposide and cyclophosphamide followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for treatment of patients with poor-risk, relapsed, or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).
  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose of yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan which can be given with high-dose etoposide and high-dose cyclophosphamide followed by ASCT in patients with NHL.
  • To perform dosimetry study to estimate the radiation dose delivered to the tumor and normal organs.
  • To evaluate the short-term and long-term complications of this new preparative regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I does-escalation study of yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan followed by an open-label phase II study.

  • Preparation for transplantation: Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) are collected via leukapheresis. Samples are analyzed by cytogenetic studies, immunophenotyping, and gene rearrangement. Patients with an adequate number of collected CD34-positive cells (≥ 3 times 10^6 /kg) proceed to radioimmunotherapy.
  • Radioimmunotherapy: Patients receive yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan IV on days -21 and -14. Patients undergo bone marrow biopsy and dose estimation on day -7.
  • Chemotherapy: Patients receive etoposide IV on day -4 and cyclophosphamide IV over 2 hours on day -2.
  • Transplantation: Patients undergo reinfusion of PBSCs on day 1.
  • Growth factor therapy: Patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) IV beginning on day 1 and continuing until blood counts recover.

Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Biopsy proven diagnosis of low- or intermediate-grade* non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) including any of the following:

    • Follicular small cleaved
    • Follicular mixed
    • Follicular large cell
    • Diffuse small cleaved
    • Diffuse mixed
    • Diffuse large cell
    • Immunoblastic (working formulation B, C, D, E, F, G and H) NOTE: *A new classification scheme for adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma has been adopted by PDQ. The terminology of "indolent" or "aggressive" lymphoma will replace the former terminology of "low-", "intermediate-", or "high-" grade lymphoma. However, this protocol uses the former terminology.
  • Mantle cell and transformed low-grade lymphomas allowed
  • Demonstrated monoclonal CD20-positive B-cell population in lymph nodes and/or bone marrow
  • Favorable biodistribution on imaging dose
  • Patient either relapsed after achieving a complete (CR) or partial response (PR) to prior therapy, never responded to prior therapy, or has poor-risk disease

    • Sensitivity of disease based on 1 of the following:

      • Induction failure: patients who did not achieve a CR or PR from induction chemotherapy
      • Resistant relapse: patients who did not achieve a CR or PR from the most recent standard salvage chemotherapy
      • Sensitive relapse: patients who did achieve a CR or PR from the most recent standard salvage chemotherapy
    • Poor-risk disease defined as any of the following:

      • Age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (IPI) High- (3 risk factors) or High-Intermediate (2 risk factors) based on the following risk factors:

        • Stage III-IV disease
        • Elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase level
        • ECOG performance status 2-4
      • Patients with aggressive NHL including mantle cell lymphoma and who required 2 different induction chemotherapy regimens to achieve a CR/PR
      • Patients with B-cell NHL and who failed to achieve a CR after adequate induction chemotherapy regimen(s)
  • Patients must have bone marrow aspiration and biopsy within 42 days before salvage chemotherapy or stem cell collection which show ≤ 10% lymphomatous involvement of total cellularity
  • Normal cytogenetic study on bone marrow (prior to salvage chemotherapy or stem cell collection)

    • Cytogenetic study on peripheral blood is acceptable if bone marrow biopsy has already been done and shows no sign of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or lymphoma and a repeat bone marrow is deemed unnecessary by attending physician
  • No active or prior history of CNS diseases
  • No human anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) or human anti-chimeric antibody

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status (PS) 0-1 or Karnofsky PS 80-100%
  • Platelet count normal
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  • FEV_1 > 65% of predicted or DLCO ≥ 50% of predicted
  • LVEF > 50% by ECHO or MUGA scan
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times normal
  • SGOT or SGPT ≤ 2 times normal
  • HIV antibody-negative
  • No prior malignancy except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, adequately treated noninvasive carcinoma, or other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for at least five years
  • No active evidence of hepatitis B or C infection
  • No hepatitis B surface antigen positivity
  • No history of alcohol abuse
  • Body weight ≤ 250 pounds

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Patients who have received involved field external beam therapy to area excluding lung, heart, liver and kidney are allowed, but will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis
  • Patients must have recovered from last therapy and should be at least four weeks from prior radiation or chemotherapy
  • No prior radioimmunotherapy
  • No prior bone marrow transplantation
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00562978

Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
Investigators
Study Chair: Auayporn P. Nademanee, MD Beckman Research Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00562978     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 98153, P30CA033572, P01CA030206, CHNMC-98153, CDR0000574716
Study First Received: November 22, 2007
Last Updated: December 16, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by City of Hope Medical Center:
recurrent grade 1 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 2 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 3 follicular lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma
recurrent adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
recurrent mantle cell lymphoma
stage III grade 1 follicular lymphoma
stage III grade 2 follicular lymphoma
stage III grade 3 follicular lymphoma
stage IV grade 1 follicular lymphoma
stage IV grade 2 follicular lymphoma
stage IV grade 3 follicular lymphoma
stage III adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
stage III adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma
stage III adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma
stage IV adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
stage IV adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma
stage IV adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma
stage III mantle cell lymphoma
stage IV mantle cell lymphoma
stage III adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
stage IV adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Cyclophosphamide
Lenograstim
Rituximab
Etoposide phosphate
Etoposide
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Adjuvants, Immunologic

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014