Iloprost in Gas Exchange/Pulm Mechanics in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
The investigators believe that iloprost will improve gas exchange in COPD patients with pulmonary hypertension.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Drug: iloprost Inhalation
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Effect of Iloprost on Gas Exchange and Pulmonary Mechanics in Patients With COPD|
- The alveolar arterial O2 difference [ Time Frame: One day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- PaO2, vital capacity, FEV1, DLCO, ventilatory equivalents for O2 and CO2 [ Time Frame: One day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
This study will examine the hypothesis that iloprost maintains and improves ventilation perfusion matching in patients with COPD as reflected by 1) a constant or reduced alveolar to arterial O2 difference as calculated from the measured arterial blood gases obtained before and after iloprost administration, 2) an improvement in the lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide that occurs in the absence of a change in spirometry, 3) an improvement in the ventilatory equivalent for oxygen and CO2 measured by expired gas analysis.
It is anticipated that a positive result in this pilot study would lead to a larger long-term study examining the effect of iloprost on gas exchange, exercise tolerance and quality of life in patients with COPD.
Drug: iloprost Inhalation
inhale 2.5 mg, repeat times one
Other Name: VentavisDrug: iloprost
inhaled 2.5 mg, repeat times one
Other Name: Ventavis
Pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure can complicate the management of the patient with advanced COPD. Attempts to treat this pulmonary hypertension with systemic vasodilators frequently result in a worsening of ventilation perfusion matching and an increase sense of dyspnea. This study will look at the effect of an FDA approved pulmonary vasodilator, iloprost, on gas exchange and pulmonary mechanics in patients with COPD. Ten clinically stable patients will be enrolled. They will report to the lab on the morning of the study and after an arterial line is placed, pulmonary function measurements and arterial blood gases will be obtained. Iloprost (2.5 mcg via nebulizer) will be administered and the effect upon arterial blood pressure, respiration and arterial saturation will be monitored. Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and blood gases will be repeated after 30 minutes. Patients who remain clinically stable without evidence of a fall in arterial PO2 or systemic blood pressure would inhale a second dose of 2.5 mcg of iloprost. The patient will be monitored for a minimum of 2 hours after their last dose of iloprost. Primary outcome variable will be the alveolar arterial O2 difference while secondary outcomes will include PAO2, venous admixture, FVC and FEV1, DLCO and ventilatory equivalents for O2 and CO2. All comparisons will be made using Student's t-test with a Bonferroni correction. The number of study patients was chosen on the basis of a power analysis to provide an alpha of 0.05 at a level of 0.9.
|United States, Oklahoma|
|University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center|
|Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104|
|Principal Investigator:||Gary T Kinasewitz, MD||University of Oklahoma|