Clinical Trial of Vincristine vs. Prednisolone for Treatment of Complicated Hemangiomas

This study has been terminated.
(The introduction of oral propranolol as a highly efficacious agent for infantile hemangiomas)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Beth Drolet, Medical College of Wisconsin
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00555464
First received: November 7, 2007
Last updated: June 4, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

The goal of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of Prednisolone and Vincristine for treatment of large, complicated infantile hemangiomas. The diagnostic, therapeutic and response criteria experimentally determined in this study will be used as a framework for future infantile hemangioma studies.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hemangioma
Drug: Vincristine
Drug: Prednisone
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Randomized, Clinical Trial Assessing Efficacy And Safety Of Oral Prednisolone vs Intravenous Vincristine In The Treatment Of Infantile

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Medical College of Wisconsin:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Response of Hemangioma (IH) to Treatment [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Response of IH not confined to the dermis will be coded using the following criteria: Progressive disease: >40% increase in volume by MRI, Partial response: >65% reduction in volume by MRI, Complete response: no visual or radiographic evidence of disease, Stable disease: none of the above or <40% increase or <65% decrease in volume by MRI.

    Response of superficial IH will be coded using the following criteria (based on RECIST): Progressive disease: >30% increase in IH size, Partial response: >30% reduction in size, Complete response: no evidence of disease, Stable disease: none of the above.

    Our first 3 patients showed limits to using MRI volume to measure IH size/response to therapy. Unlike other solid tumors, the superficial distribution of some IH made getting volume by MRI difficult, resulting in smaller tumor estimation compared to clinical assessment. Based on these observations, we amended the protocol to report response based on RECIST criteria instead of change in IH volume.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicity to Medications [ Time Frame: Initial visit, 2, 4, 6, 10 and 12 weeks of therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Adverse events were closely monitored and recorded at weekly visits during treatment period and for two years after treatment ceased. Laboratory values were taken every other week during the treatment period.

    Please see Adverse Events module for more details.



Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: November 2007
Study Completion Date: December 2012
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Vincristine is a drug that has been used to treat cancers in children (including infants). It has been effective in treating a small number of infants with hemangiomas, most of whom failed previous therapies including steroids. Vincristine must be administered into a vein. Given the encouraging response data and documented safety record, Vincristine is a good choice for a clinical trial treating infants with complicated hemangiomas.
Drug: Vincristine
Vincristine (0.05 mg/kg/dose) will be administered into a vein (PICC line) every week for 12 weeks. If assigned to receive Vincristine, a PICC line will be placed by a doctor who is a specialist in this procedure, an interventional radiologist. This will require sedation and when possible, will be coordinated with sedation for the MRI.
Other Name: VINCRISTINE SULFATE (Oncovin®, VCR, LCR) NSC #67574 (042006)
Active Comparator: 2
The standard treatment for hemangioma at most centers is oral steroids (Prednisolone). Prednisolone has been used to stop the growth of infantile hemangiomas that are life threatening, that could harm important functions, or are likely to result in severe disfigurement (scarring) without treatment.
Drug: Prednisone
Prednisolone given at 3 mg/kg/day by mouth for 12 week
Other Name: PREDNISOLONE SODIUM PHOSPHATE SYRUP/SOLUTION 15mg/5 cc (Orapred®)

Detailed Description:

Infants with large hemangiomas are often treated systemically with oral steroids (Prednisolone) to prevent complications. The best treatment for hemangiomas is not known and there are no medications approved by the FDA for treatment of hemangiomas. Also, the best method to measure the response of hemangioma to treatment is not known. Patients enrolling on this study will be randomly assigned to receive either daily Prednisolone by mouth or weekly Vincristine in a vein. Response to treatment will be monitored by clinical exams every two weeks and by an MRI at study entry and six and twelve weeks later. Patients with evidence of progressive disease (larger hemangiomas) on the week 6 MRI will be switched to the other drug to complete a total of 12 weeks of therapy. Side effects of each medication will be monitored closely determined from histories, physical exams, blood tests and other studies as necessary. Participation in this study will last up to 12 weeks and follow up for protocol.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 6 Months
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children age 0-6 months old.
  • Infants with infantile hemangiomas with complications that require systemic therapy to control their growth. To be eligible for enrollment infants must have clear indications for systemic treatment.
  • Clinical diagnosis of infantile hemangioma confirmed by tissue biopsy positive for GLUT-1 Immunohistochemical staining. If the risk of bleeding or permanent disfigurement from biopsy is believed to be too great then clinical and radiological characteristics may be used to establish the diagnosis after discussion with the study PI. Patients with GLUT-1 negative vascular tumors such as Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma, tufted angioma, and angiosarcoma are not eligible.
  • Hemangiomas must be greater than or equal to 50 cm2 clinically measured by taking the product of the two largest perpendicular diameters and have one of the following complications: ulceration, impairment of vision, impairment of hearing, obstruction of the airway, high output cardiac failure, bleeding, abdominal distention and/or compartment syndrome, compression of the spinal cord, or high risk of permanent disfigurement.
  • Adequate liver function defined as:

    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, and
    • SGPT(serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase) (ALT) < 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age.
  • Patients who have received topical or intralesional corticosteroids are eligible to be enrolled. A washout of one week is required prior to study enrollment. Patients who have undergone surgical resection are eligible if they meet all inclusion criteria after surgery.
  • All patients' parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent. All institutional and FDA requirements for human studies must be met.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children greater then 6 months old.
  • Contraindications to Vincristine: previously diagnosed neuropathy including sensory neuropathy type 1, Charcot- Marie-Tooth or childhood poliomyelitis.
  • Hemangioma involving the central nervous system (CNS) as Vincristine has poor CNS penetration.
  • Infants who have received prior systemic therapy with corticosteroids (oral or intravenous), interferon or Vincristine are not eligible for enrollment.
  • Patients receiving Vincristine who concomitantly require oral steroids for treatment of non-hemangioma indications such as asthma or atopic dermatitis will be removed from study.
  • A life-threatening intercurrent infection.
  • Infants with an underlying illness that would require use of general anesthesia (as opposed to sedation) for the MRI.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00555464

Locations
United States, Wisconsin
Medical College of Wisconsin/Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical College of Wisconsin
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Beth Drolet, MD Medical College of Wisconsin
Principal Investigator: Michael Kelly, MD, PhD Medical College of Wisconsin
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
1.Drolet BA, Esterly NB, Frieden IJ. Hemangiomas in Children. NEJM 1999;341:173-180. 2.Haggstrom AN, Drolet BA, Baselga E, Chamlin S, Esterly NB, Garzon M, Horii K, Lucky A, Metry DW, Mancini AJ, Nopper A, Frieden IJ. Prospective study of infantile hemangiomas, part II:clinical characteristics predicting complications and treatment. Pediatrics 2006;118: 882-887. 3.Haggstrom A, Drolet BA, Baselga E, Chamlin SL, Esterly NB, Garzon MC,. Prospective study of infantile hemangiomas, Part I: Demographic, prenatal and perinatal characteristics. J Pediatr 2007; 150(3):291-4. 4.Frieden IJ, Reese V, Cohen D. PHACE syndrome. The association of posterior fossa brain malformations, hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, coarctation of the aorta and cardiac defects, and eye abnormalities. Archives of Dermatology 1996 132(3):307-11.

Responsible Party: Beth Drolet, Professor of Dermatology, Medical College of Wisconsin
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00555464     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 3429, #FDA-R-003429-01
Study First Received: November 7, 2007
Results First Received: February 19, 2013
Last Updated: June 4, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Medical College of Wisconsin:
hemangioma, steroid, prednisolone, vincristine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hemangioma
Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Methylprednisolone acetate
Prednisolone acetate
Prednisolone
Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate
Prednisone
Prednisolone hemisuccinate
Prednisolone phosphate
Vincristine
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Neuroprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014