Top Down Versus Step Up Strategies in Crohn's Disease
The study prospectively compares two treatment algorithms for newly diagnosed Crohn's disease: one 'aggressive' treatment with early introduction of immunomodulators and biologicals and one 'standard treatment' with corticosteroids and only later introduction of immunosuppressives and biologicals if disease activity requires that.
Drug: methylprednisolone or budesonide
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Ideal Management of Crohn's Disease: Top Down Versus Step Up Strategies. A Prospective Controlled Trial in the Benelux|
- remission without corticosteroids and without surgical resection [ Time Frame: month 6 and 12 after inclusion ]
- the time to relapse after successful induction therapy [ Time Frame: within 24 months ]
- the proportion of patients receiving infliximab, methylprednisolone and antimetabolites [ Time Frame: within 24 months ]
- the median serum C-reactive protein concentration [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
- the proportion of patients experiencing adverse events [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
- the mean endoscopic severity scores and the proportion of patients without ulcers [ Time Frame: after 24 months ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2001|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2004|
Patients received three infusions of infliximab 5 milligrams per kilogram (weeks 0, 2 and 6) in combination with azathioprine 2-2.5 milligrams per kilogram per day from day 0 onwards. If the patients responded and tolerated both drugs, azathioprine was continued for the duration of the trial. Patients who were intolerant to azathioprine received methotrexate at an initial dose of 25 milligrams administered subcutaneously each week for 12 weeks with dose reduction to 15 milligrams per week thereafter. Following initial therapy, patients who developed worsening symptoms were retreated with additional infusions of infliximab. If symptoms persisted methylprednisolone was initiated and azathioprine or methotrexate was continued.
infliximab 5 mg/kg at week 0,2 and 6 + azathioprine 2-2.5 mg/kg
Other Name: remicade/imuran
Active Comparator: 2
Induction with methylprednisolone (MP) or budesonide (BUD): MP 32 mg/day for 3 weeks was followed by tapering by 4 mg per week to 0; BUD 9 mg per day for 8 weeks with tapering to 0 by 3 mg per week thereafter.Patients who worsened during the tapering had the dose increased to the initial dose and tapered again. If patients worsened, azathioprine (2-2.5 mg per day) was introduced. Patients who relapsed following withdrawal of steroids received a second course in combination with azathioprine. For patients who failed 4 weeks of steroids, MP dose was given at 64 mg/day for 2 weeks, tapered by 8 mg per week; azathioprine was added. Patients who remained symptomatic despite 16 weeks of azathioprine received infliximab (5 mg/kg IV at weeks 0, 2 and 6). Patients who relapsed despite methotrexate or those intolerant to both azathioprine and methotrexate also received infliximab, without antimetabolite therapy. Infliximab was repeated upon relapse of symptoms in these patients.
Drug: methylprednisolone or budesonide
methylprednisolone 32 mg followed by taper or budesonide 9 mg/day followed by taper
Other Name: Medrol, entocort, budenofalk
This two year open-label randomized trial compares the early use of combined immunosuppression to conventional management in patients with active Crohn's disease who have not previously received glucocorticoids, antimetabolites, or infliximab. Patients assigned to combined immunosuppression receive azathioprine and 3 infusions of 5 milligrams per kilogram of body weight of infliximab at weeks 0, 2, and 6. Retreatment with infliximab and, if ultimately necessary, corticosteroids are used to control disease activity. Patients assigned to conventional management receive corticosteroids followed, in sequence, by azathioprine and infliximab. The primary outcome measure is remission without corticosteroids and without bowel resection at weeks 26 and 52.
|Imelda GI Clinical Research Center|
|Bonheiden, Belgium, 2820|
|Principal Investigator:||Geert R DHaens, MD, PhD||Belgian IBD Research Group|