Lapatinib and Trastuzumab With or Without Endocrine Therapy
We think that lapatinib will help to shrink your tumor when given prior to the main or primary therapy for the kind of breast cancer you have been diagnosed with. When treatment is given before the main or primary therapy, it is called neoadjuvant therapy. We will compare lapatinib with lapatinib plus trastuzumab (herceptin) for 12 weeks. If your tumor is estrogen receptor positive (ER positive), estrogen deprivation will also be given to you. Tumors that are ER positive have a lot of estrogen receptors found in them. This is also called "over expression" or amplification of estrogen receptors.
The most important information we will get from this study is to see the response to "neoadjuvant" (treatment given before the main treatment), lapatinib with trastuzumab (herceptin) in your tumor tissue sample.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase II Trial of Lapatinib and Trastuzumab With or Without Endocrine Therapy in Locally Advanced HER2 Overexpressing Breast Cancer Patients|
- Pathologic Assessment After Study Treatment [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Pathologic Assessment After 12 weeks of lapatinib and trastuzumab with or without endocrine therapy. Pathologic complete response: no invasive cancer in the residual breast. Near pathologic complete response: residual disease of less than 1 cm in breast.
- Data Analysis of the Biomarkers: Immunohistochemical Staining of Cells From Breast Biopsies and Skin Biopsies Will be Performed. [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2008|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The neoadjuvant setting is especially attractive for studies of predictive biologic correlates for several reasons including early assessment of response to therapy, access to the primary tumor, and reduced patient numbers compared to those required in the adjuvant setting. Response to neoadjuvant therapy is a validated surrogate marker for improved survival; it may be used to test the overall efficacy of neoadjuvant treatment regimens and response in the primary tumor mirrors the effect of therapy on micrometastases.
Trastuzumab is an efficacious agent in HER2 overexpressing breast cancers. Our results with neoadjuvant trastuzumab indicate that its efficacy may be better in patients with treatment-naïve tumors compared to metastatic disease, with 26% of patients showing a partial response after only 3 weeks of therapy. No patients progressed during this 3-week period. We have also conducted a neoadjuvant lapatinib study given as a single agent for 6 weeks. The response rates in this second study have been impressive with greater than 80% responses in patients with HER2 positive locally advanced breast cancers. It is likely that the true response rate to HER2 blockade would be higher had therapy been continued for longer. We therefore hypothesize that lapatinib, a dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor, together with trastuzumab, will result in tumor regression when given as neoadjuvant therapy in HER2 overexpressing breast cancer. We will compare lapatinib plus trastuzumab for 12 weeks, and if the tumors express ER, estrogen deprivation will also be administered.
This is a phase II trial. Clinical efficacy will be assessed by bidimensional tumor measurements of the primary cancer at baseline, and at the end of week 12. Objective tumor response rate defined as objective bidimensional tumor measurements after neoadjuvant treatment at 12 weeks will be calculated, and assessed according to standard RECIST criteria. Pathologic responses will be graded as pathologic complete response if there is no invasive cancer in the residual breast at the time of surgery. Near pathologic complete response will also be documented as residual disease of less than 1 cm.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00548184
|United States, Alabama|
|UAB Cancer Center|
|Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294|
|United States, Illinois|
|The University of Chicago|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637|
|United States, Maryland|
|Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Bunting-Blaustein Cancer Research|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231-1000|
|United States, Minnesota|
|Mayo Clinic Cancer Center|
|Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905|
|United States, Tennessee|
|Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center|
|Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232-6868|
|United States, Texas|
|Baylor College of Medicine, Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Mothaffar Rimawi, MD||Baylor Breast Center|