PET Imaging of Brain mGluR5 Receptors Using [18F]SP203

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified March 2014 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00538798
First received: October 2, 2007
Last updated: April 8, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

The metabotropic glutamate subtype five (mGluR5) receptor is a protein found in the brain and is the target for the excitatory chemical messenger glutimate. The purpose of this protocol is to measure mGluR5 receptors in the brain using positron emission tomography (PET) and a research drug called [18F]SP203.


Condition Intervention
Healthy
Glutamate Receptor
mGlur5 Protein
Excitatory Amino Acid Receptors
Drug Kinetics
PET Scan
Drug: [18F]SP203

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: PET Imaging of Brain mGluR5 Receptors Using [18F]SP203 and [11C]SP203

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: September 2007
Intervention Details:
    Drug: [18F]SP203
    N/A
Detailed Description:

Metabotropic glutamate receptors are G-protein coupled receptors that respond to glutamate by activating proteins inside nerve cells that affect cell metabolism, thereby fine-tuning the signals sent between cells to maintain balance in neuronal activity. Metabotropic Glutamate receptors (mGluR5) are Group I receptors localized post-synaptically and found in several regions of the brain including the striatum, hippocampus, amygdala, and cortex. Activation of mGluR5 stimulates phospholipase C, resulting in phosphoinositide hydrolysis and increase of intracellular Ca2+ levels. Several potent antagonists for mGluR5 have been developed, including 6 methyl-2-(phenylethynyl)pyridine (MPEP) and 3-[(2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4yl)ethynyl] pyridine (MTEP) however, no simple derivatives of MPEP or MTEP had proven to be useful for in vivo imaging.

In the present protocol, we will use a new PET ligand [(18)F]SP203 for two reasons: Part 1.) we will perform kinetic brain imaging to quantify mGluR5 binding parameters in brain and determine the reliability and reproducibility of these measures in 15 healthy controls Part 2.) if the tracer is proved successful in the part 1, we plan to estimate radiation-absorbed doses of [(18)F]SP203 in healthy human subjects by performing whole body imaging.

We will also use another new ligand, [11C]SP203, which has the same structure as [(18)F]SP203 but labeled with (11)C instead of (18)F. Part 3) the same purpose as part 1 but with [(11)C]SP203 instead of [(18)F]SP203. Part 4) if [(11)C]SP203 is proved successful in the part 3, we plan to estimate radiation absorbed doses of [(11)C]SP203 in healthy human subjects. At this moment, we do not plan to perform additional scans of [(18)F]SP203 under the current protocol. All future subjects will participate in scans of [(11)C]SP203.

Additionally, Part 5) we will measure the difference in [(18)F]SP203 concentration between the artery and the vein without PET scanning to assess whether the venous blood is a valid and less invasive substitute of arterial blood. In some of [(18)F]SP203 scans performed in the current protocol, we compared [(18)F]SP203 levels between radial artery and antecubital vein and observed 30% - 60% lower levels in vein. We plan to test whether sampling from a vein in the hand and / or warming up makes [(18)F]SP203 levels in vein similar to artery.

Successful development of a PET ligand to image mGluR5 will have a strong impact on clinical management of brain disorders with disruptions in glutamatergic transmission such as schizophrenia, anxiety, and neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer s and Parkinson s disease.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Healthy control subjects aged 18 65 years, with history/physical exam, ECG, and laboratory tests within one year of the PET scan within normal limits.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Current psychiatric illness, substance abuse or severe systemic disease based on history and physical exam.
  2. Laboratory tests with clinically significant abnormalities.
  3. Prior participation in other research protocols or clinical care in the last year such that radiation exposure would exceed the annual limits.
  4. Pregnancy and breast feeding.
  5. Claustrophobia. (part 1 and 3 only)
  6. Presence of ferromagnetic metal in the body or heart pacemaker. (part 1 and 3 only)
  7. Positive HIV test.
  8. Consumed alcohol within 48 hours before the PET scan.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00538798

Contacts
Contact: Maria D Ferraris Araneta, C.R.N.P. (301) 496-9423 ferrarism@mail.nih.gov
Contact: Masahiro Fujita, M.D. (301) 451-8898 fujitam@intra.nimh.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Masahiro Fujita, M.D. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00538798     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 070082, 07-M-0082
Study First Received: October 2, 2007
Last Updated: April 8, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Pharmacokinetics
Binding Potential
Glutamate
Positron Emission Tomography
Metabolic Glutamate Receptors
Healthy Volunteer
HV

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014