Ultra-Low Dose Interleukin-2 for Refractory Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Novartis
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John Koreth, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00529035
First received: September 11, 2007
Last updated: February 10, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this research study is to determine the safety of IL-2 and the highest dose of this drug that can be given safely to people with chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD). Chronic GVHD is a medical condition that may occur after patients receive a bone marrow, stem cell or cord blood transplant. The donor's immune system may recognize their body (the host) as foreign and attempt to "reject" it. Traditional standard therapy to treat chronic GVHD is prednisone (steroids). Treatment options are limited, and it is thought that IL-2 may help to control chronic GVHD.


Condition Intervention Phase
Graft Versus Host Disease
Drug: Interleukin-2
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Ultra-Low Dose Subcutaneous Interleukin-2 (IL-2) for Treatment of Refractory Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Maximum Tolerated Dose and Toxicity Profile of an 8 Week Course of IL-2 in Patients With cGVHD and an Inadequate Response to Steroids. [ Time Frame: Participants were assessed for toxicities at mandatory study follow-up visits during the 8 week course of study therapy and four weeks post therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Three dose levels were evaluated to determine the maximally tolerated dose (MTD):

    Dose level A: 0.3 x 10^6 IU/m^2/day Dose level B: 1.0 x 10^6 IU/m^2/day Dose level C: 3.0 x 10^6 IU/m^2/day Once the MTD (dose level B) was established, an additional 10 participants were enrolled at this dose.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The Number of Participants Who Tolerated at Least 6 Weeks of Subcutaneous Low Dose IL-2. [ Time Frame: Participants were assessed for toxicities at mandatory study follow-up visits during the 8 week course of study therapy and four weeks post therapy. cGVHD was assessed at Weeks 8 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Feasibility: the number of participants who tolerated at least 6 weeks of therapy, and were thus evaluable for response. Efficacy: chronic GVHD response per NIH consensus criteria in evaluable patients.

    A complete response was defined as resolution of all reversible chronic GVHD-associated manifestations, a partial response as an improvement of 50% or more on the organ-specific chronic GVHD scale without progression at other organs or sites, progressive disease as an increase of 25% or more on the organ specific chronic GVHD scale, and stable disease as an improvement of less than 50% or increase of less than 25%. Please refer to the Supplementary Appendix in our published report (Koreth et al, NEJM 2011) for further details.


  • CD3+T, CD4+T (Including Regulatory CD4+T Cells (Treg) and Conventional CD4+T Cells (Tcon)), CD8+T, NK, NKT and B Cell Counts. [ Time Frame: Immunological samples taken at study appointments during the 12 week protocol schedule ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Changes in the above immune cell populations (CD3+T, CD4+T (including CD4+Treg and CD4+Tcon), CD8+T, NK, NKT and B cell counts were measured at study appointments during the 8-week IL-2 treatment and four weeks post study therapy.

    All study participants (n=28) with a sample available were reported in the data table.

    Immune outcome data cannot be meaningfully rendered in the template provided, owing to complexity. The tables below only represent a general overview of the data. Please refer to figure 2 in our published report (Koreth et al, NEJM 2011).


  • Treg Cell:Tcon Cell Ratio [ Time Frame: Immunological samples taken at study appointments during the 12 week protocol schedule ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Changes in the ratio of the CD4+ regulatory T cell (Treg) and CD4+ conventional T cell (Tcon) counts were measured at study appointments during the 8-week IL-2 treatment and four weeks post study therapy.

    All study participants (n=28) with a sample available were reported in the data table.

    Immune outcome data cannot be meaningfully rendered in the template provided, owing to complexity. The tables below only represent a general overview of the data. Please refer to figure 2 in our published report (Koreth et al, NEJM 2011).



Enrollment: 29
Study Start Date: August 2007
Study Completion Date: June 2011
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Interleukin-2 Drug: Interleukin-2
Dose will vary depending upon when participant enters the trial: Given as a daily injection under the skin for 8 weeks.
Other Name: IL-2

Detailed Description:
  • IL-2 will be given daily through an injection under the skin for a period of 8 weeks. To determine the highest safest dose of IL-2, the dose participants receive will increase as lower doses are determined to be safe. There will be three dose levels.
  • Participants will be seen periodically while they are receiving IL-2. Physical exams and blood tests will be performed weekly for the first two weeks and then every other week until week 8.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Recipients of allogeneic stem cell transplantation with myeloablative or non-myeloablative conditioning regimens
  • Patients must be at least 180 days from the allogeneic stem cell transplantation procedure
  • Steroid refractory cGVHD, defined as having persistent symptoms and signs of GVHD despite the use of prednisone for at least 4 weeks in the preceding 12 months without complete resolution of signs and symptoms.
  • Stable dose of corticosteroids for 4 weeks prior to enrollment
  • No addition or subtraction of other immunosuppressive medications for 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Adequate bone marrow, renal and hepatic function as outlined in the protocol
  • 18 years of age or older
  • ECOG Performance Status of 0-2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Ongoing prednisone requirement > 1mg/kg/day (or equivalent)
  • Exposure to any new immunosuppressive medication in the 4 weeks prior to enrollment
  • Concurrent ECP therapy within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
  • Post-transplant exposure to any novel immunosuppressive medication within 100 days prior to enrollment
  • Donor lymphocyte infusion within 100 days prior to IL-2 therapy
  • Active malignant disease relapse
  • Active, uncontrolled infection
  • Positive serologic test for Hepatitis B or a positive serologic or nucleic acid test for Hepatitis C
  • HIV seropositivity
  • Life expectancy < 3 months
  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Inability to comply with IL-2 treatment regimen
  • Uncontrolled cardiac angina or symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • Organ transplant (allograft) recipient
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00529035

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Novartis
Investigators
Principal Investigator: John Koreth, MBBS, D.Phil Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: John Koreth, MD, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00529035     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-083
Study First Received: September 11, 2007
Results First Received: August 9, 2012
Last Updated: February 10, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Chronic GVHD
Steroid refractory GVHD
allogeneic stem cell transplantation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Graft vs Host Disease
Immune System Diseases
Interleukin-2
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 22, 2014