Radiation Therapy, Androgen Suppression, and Docetaxel in Treating Patients With High-Risk Prostate Cancer Who Have Undergone Radical Prostatectomy

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified September 2010 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: September 10, 2007
Last updated: August 3, 2012
Last verified: September 2010

RATIONALE: Specialized radiation therapy that delivers a high-dose of radiation directly to the tumor may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue. Androgens can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Antihormone therapy, such as leuprolide, goserelin, flutamide, or bicalutamide, may lessen the amount of androgens made by the body. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving radiation therapy together with androgen suppression and docetaxel after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving radiation therapy together with androgen suppression and docetaxel works in treating patients with high risk prostate cancer who have undergone radical prostatectomy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Drug: bicalutamide
Drug: docetaxel
Drug: flutamide
Drug: goserelin acetate
Drug: leuprolide acetate
Procedure: adjuvant therapy
Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
Radiation: intensity-modulated radiation therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Adjuvant 3DCRT/IMRT in Combination With Androgen Suppression and Docetaxel for High Risk Prostate Cancer Patients Post-Prostatectomy: A Phase II Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Freedom from progression at 2 years [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Freedom from local-regional progression [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Distant metastasis [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Prostate cancer specific survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Non-prostate cancer specific survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to biochemical (PSA) failure [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Treatment-related "acute" and "late" toxicity based on CTCAE v3.0 [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Prognostic value of genomic and proteomic biomarkers for the primary and secondary clinical endpoints [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 76
Study Start Date: April 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:



  • To assess whether the addition of androgen suppression therapy and docetaxel to adjuvant radiotherapy improves freedom from progression.


  • To assess freedom from local-regional progression, distant metastases, disease-free survival, prostate cancer specific survival, non-prostate cancer specific survival, overall survival, and time to biochemical (PSA) failure.
  • To evaluate treatment-related "acute" and "late" toxicity based on CTCAE v3.0.
  • To correlate genomic and proteomic biomarkers with the primary and secondary clinical endpoints utilizing archival prostatectomy tissue and pretreatment and prospectively collected serum/plasma.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

  • Androgen suppression therapy: Patients receive a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist (leuprolide or goserelin) as an injection AND an oral antiandrogen (flutamide 3 times daily or bicalutamide once daily) for up to 6 months.
  • Radiotherapy: Beginning 8 weeks after the initiation of androgen suppression therapy, patients undergo 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy or intensity-modulated radiotherapy once a day 5 days a week for up to approximately 8 weeks.
  • Chemotherapy: Beginning 3-6 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy, patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses.

After the completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Pathologically proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate cancer meeting 1 of the following criteria:

    • Gleason ≥ 7and post-operative PSA nadir > 0.2 ng/ml with any pT classification
    • Gleason ≥ 8, post-operative PSA nadir ≤ 0.2 ng/ml and ≥ pT3a classification
  • Must have undergone radical prostatectomy within the past year
  • PSA ≤ 0.2 ng/mL at the time of study registration

    • PSA must be obtained within 6 weeks (42 days) prior to study registration
  • No lymph node or distant metastases (N0, M0), based upon the following minimum diagnostic workup:

    • History and physical examination within 8 weeks prior to study registration
    • Bone scan and CT or MRI of the pelvis and no evidence of osseous metastases on bone scan within 16 weeks prior to study registration
  • No pelvic lymph nodes > 1.5 cm in greatest dimension on CT scan or MRI of the pelvis within 16 weeks prior to study registration, unless the enlarged lymph node is biopsied and negative


  • Zubrod performance status 0-1
  • ANC ≥ 2,000/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (transfusion or other intervention to achieve hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL is acceptable)
  • ALT and AST ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.2 times ULN
  • No other invasive malignancy within the past 3 years except non-melanomatous skin cancer
  • No active, severe co-morbidity, including any of the following:

    • Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the past 6 months
    • Transmural myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
    • Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics
    • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy
    • AIDS

      • HIV testing is not required for study entry
  • No prior allergic reaction to the study drug(s)


  • No prior systemic chemotherapy for prostate cancer
  • More than 3 years since prior chemotherapy for a different cancer
  • No prior androgen deprivation for treatment of prostate cancer

    • Prior use of hormonal agents, such as finasteride or dutaseride, for treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy is allowed
  • No prior radiotherapy to the region of the prostate that would result in overlap of radiotherapy fields
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00528866

  Show 70 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
Study Chair: Mark Hurwitz, MD Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center
Investigator: Oliver Sartor, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Investigator: Ying Xiao, PhD Bodine Center for Cancer Treatment at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Walter John Curran, Jr, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00528866     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000563917, RTOG-0621
Study First Received: September 10, 2007
Last Updated: August 3, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adenocarcinoma of the prostate
stage IIB prostate cancer
stage IIA prostate cancer
stage III prostate cancer
stage IV prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Androgen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Fertility Agents, Female
Fertility Agents
Reproductive Control Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014