Tai Chi for Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis
The purpose of this study was to study the impact of Tai Chi group exercise on physical function, health and disease activity of patients with RA, and to examine the patients' experience and perception of Tai Chi.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Tai Chi for Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Quantitative and Qualitative Study|
- Balance was measured with Walking in a Figure of Eight. Strength and endurance were measured by Timed-Stands test. Shoulder function was measured with Assessments of Shoulder Movement Impairment Scale. [ Time Frame: 15 min ]
- Blood samples were collected for determination of sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP). A rheumatologist examined the patients with the number of 28 swollen and tender joints. [ Time Frame: 15 min ]
- Self-reported health status included Health Assessment Questionnaire, visual analogue scale for fatigue, muscle pain, and fear of falling, Short Form Health Survey and Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale [ Time Frame: 15 min ]
- Focus group interview in order to capture the participants' experiences and perceptions with Tai Chi. [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2005|
Single group study
Other: Physical exercise
Tai Chi exercise, twice a week during 12 weeks
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory and systemic disease that mainly affects the musculoskeletal system. The disease is often progressive and may result in reduced physical function, pain, fatigue, and joint destruction. Exercise programs are reported to improve physical functioning in patients with RA.
Tai Chi is a traditional Chinese martial art that was developed in the 13th century, and combines slow and gentle movements with mental focus.
The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a 12 weeks standardized Tai Chi group exercise program on disease activity, physical function and health status in patients with RA attending. Further, the patients experiences of possible effects of Tai Chi were to be obtained in a focus group interview.
|National resource center for rehabilitation in rheumatology. Diakonhjemmet Hospital|
|Oslo, Norway, 0319|
|Study Chair:||Camilla Fongen, MSc||National Resource Center for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology|