VNP40101M and Temozolomide in Treating Patients With Progressive or Relapsed Malignant Glioma

This study has been terminated.
(The pharmaceutical collaborator filed for bankruptcy and as a result, the study was unable to move into the phase II portion.)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Vion Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00516282
First received: August 14, 2007
Last updated: August 24, 2011
Last verified: August 2011
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide and VNP40101M, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Temozolomide may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of VNP40101M when given together with temozolomide and to see how well it works in treating patients with progressive or relapsed malignant glioma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
Drug: CLORETAZINE
Drug: temozolomide
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Trial of Cloretazine® (VNP40101M) and Temodar® (Temozolomide) for Patients With Malignant Glioma in First Relapse or Progression

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Northwestern University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • MTD of CLORETAZINE [ Time Frame: At the end of phase one ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To determine the MTD of CLORETAZINE when administered with Temodar® in patients with malignant gliomas in first or second relapse

  • Progression-free survival rate [ Time Frame: End of Phase II ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the 6 and 12 month progression-free survival rate.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicities of CLORETAZINE when administered with Temodar®. [ Time Frame: Adverse events are monitored at screening/baseline;day one; termination visit; followup until death. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    To record the toxicities of CLORETAZINE when administered with Temodar®.

    (Toxicity is assessed continuously through routine medical monitoring of the patient throughout each cycle and all adverse events are recorded cumulatively on the case report forms).


  • MGMT Methylation Status [ Time Frame: Baseline and day seven of every cycle ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine MGMT methylation status as well as other methylation patterns in blood correlate with outcome.

  • Determine overall survival [ Time Frame: All patients will be followed until death ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine overall survival.

  • Response rate to CLORETAZINE after Temodar® in patients with malignant gliomas in first or second relapse [ Time Frame: Day one of every cycle ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the response rate to CLORETAZINE after Temodar® in patients with malignant gliomas in first or second relapse.

  • Record the toxicities of CLORETAZINE when administered after Temodar [ Time Frame: Continuously after the first dose;within thirty days of each administration of investigational agent ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To record the toxicities of CLORETAZINE when administered after Temodar®

  • Measure the level of AGT expression [ Time Frame: Day seven of every cycle ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To measure the level of AGT expression in peripheral blood monocytes before treatment with Temodar® and just prior to the administration of CLORETAZINE.

  • CSF penetration of CLORETAZINE [ Time Frame: Day seven of cycle one of Phase 2 only ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To determine CSF penetration of CLORETAZINE once the MTD is reached from phase I and correlate with serum/plasma PK


Enrollment: 14
Study Start Date: August 2007
Study Completion Date: October 2009
Primary Completion Date: October 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: CLORETAZINE
    CLORETAZINE will be administered intravenously on day 7. The starting dose of CLORETAZINE will be 100 mg/m2 given within 3 hours after the last dose of Temodar on day 7. CLORETAZINE will be given as an IV infusion over 15-30 minutes via a freely flowing peripheral or central intravenous line. CLORETAZINE will be escalated by 50 mg/m2 for the second cohort then by 25 mg/m2 increments in the following cohorts of 3-6 patients using a standard phase I trial design until a MTD is determined. If dose level 2 has two DLTs then patients will be accrued to a new dose level of 125 mg/m2. Prior to receiving Cloretazine, blood will be drawn for gene methylation studies.
    Other Name: VNP40101M
    Drug: temozolomide
    Temozolomide will be given orally at a dose of 75mg/m2 daily on day 1 through 7. There will be no dose modification for this agent. Prior to receiving Temozolomide, blood will be drawn for gene methylation studies.
    Other Name: Temodar
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of VNP40101M when administered with temozolomide in patients with progressive or relapsed (first relapse) malignant glioma. (Phase I)
  • To record the toxicities of VNP40101M when administered with temozolomide. (Phase I and II)
  • To measure the level of AGT expression in peripheral blood monocytes before treatment with temozolomide and just prior to the administration of VNP40101M. (Phase I and II)
  • To determine MGMT methylation status as well as other methylation patterns in blood and tissue from patients treated with this regimen and correlate with outcome. (Phase I and II)
  • To determine the 6- and 12-month progression-free survival rates of patients treated with this regimen. (Phase II)
  • To determine overall survival of patients treated with this regimen. (Phase II)
  • To determine the complete and partial response rates in patients treated with this regimen. (Phase II)
  • To determine CSF penetration of VNP40101M once the MTD is reached from phase I and correlate with serum/plasma pharmacokinetics. (Phase II)

OUTLINE:

  • Phase I: Patients receive oral temozolomide on days 1-7 and VNP40101M IV over 15-30 minutes 2 hours after the last dose of temozolomide on day 7. Treatment repeats every 7 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of VNP40101M until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicity.

  • Phase II: Patients receive oral temozolomide and VNP40101M as in phase I. VNP40101M is given at the MTD determined in phase I.

In both phases, patients complete the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Brain (FACT-BR) questionnaire on day 1 of each course.

Blood is collected for in vitro isolation of mononuclear cells for analysis of O^6 alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase on days 1 and 7 of course 1. Blood, plasma, CSF, and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue blocks are collected for gene methylation studies, including MGMT, at baseline and on day 1 of each course.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

Inclusion criteria:

  • Histologically proven malignant glioma including any of the following:

    • Glioblastoma multiforme
    • Gliosarcoma
    • Anaplastic astrocytoma
    • Anaplastic oligodendroglioma
    • Anaplastic mixed oligoastrocytoma
    • Malignant astrocytoma not otherwise specified
  • Unequivocal evidence of tumor recurrence or progression by MRI or CT scan with contrast
  • No more than one relapse
  • Patients having undergone recent resection of recurrent or progressive tumor will be eligible as long as all of the following conditions apply:

    • More than 2 weeks from surgery and have recovered from the effects of surgery
    • Evaluable or measurable disease following resection of recurrent tumor is not mandated for eligibility into the study if a treatment failure can be evaluated
    • Enhanced CT scan/ MRI should be done no later than 96 hours in the immediate post-operative period or 4-6 weeks post-operatively

      • If the 96-hour scan is more than 2 weeks from registration, the scan needs to be repeated
      • A baseline scan should be performed within 14 days prior to registration and on a steroid dosage that has been stable for 5 or more days otherwise a new baseline MRI/CT is required
      • The same type of scan (i.e., MRI or CT scan) must be used throughout the period of protocol treatment for tumor measurement
  • Must have failed prior external-beam radiotherapy
  • Must have failed one prior systemic treatment with chemotherapy or biologic agents

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Inclusion criteria:

  • Karnofsky performance status 60-100%
  • Life expectancy > 12 weeks
  • WBC > 3,000/mm³
  • ANC > 1,500/mm³
  • Platelet count > 100,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin > 10 mg/dL
  • AST and ALT < 4 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin < 2 times ULN
  • Creatinine < 1.5 times ULN
  • Fertile patients must use acceptable contraceptive methods (abstinence, intrauterine device [IUD], oral contraceptive or double barrier device)
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Not pregnant or nursing

Exclusion criteria:

  • Active uncontrolled bleeding
  • Active infection of any kind
  • Unwilling or unable to follow protocol requirements or to give informed consent
  • Active heart disease including any of the following:

    • Myocardial infarction within the past 3 months
    • Uncontrolled arrhythmias
    • Uncontrolled coronary artery disease
    • Uncontrolled congestive heart failure
  • Known HIV-positive patients (HIV testing is not required)
  • History of any other cancer (except non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix) unless in complete remission and off all therapy for that disease for a minimum of 3 years

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Inclusion criteria:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior therapy
  • At least 2 weeks since prior vincristine
  • More than 4 weeks since prior cytotoxic therapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas)
  • More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy
  • More than 4 weeks since prior experimental biologic agents (e.g., EGFR inhibitors, etc)
  • More than 3 weeks since prior procarbazine administration
  • More than 2 weeks since prior non-cytotoxic agents (e.g., interferon, tamoxifen, thalidomide, or isotretinoin)

    • Radiosensitizer does not count
  • At least 2 weeks since prior and no concurrent enzyme inducing anticonvulsants

    • If patient is on an enzyme inducing anticonvulsant, they may be converted to a non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsant

Exclusion criteria:

  • Any other concurrent standard or investigational treatment for cancer, or any other investigational agent for any indication
  • Concurrent disulfiram
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00516282

Locations
United States, Illinois
Hematology-Oncology Associates of Illinois
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611-2998
Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611-3013
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
Vion Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey Raizer, MD Northwestern University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00516282     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NU 07C1
Study First Received: August 14, 2007
Last Updated: August 24, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Northwestern University:
adult glioblastoma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
adult anaplastic oligodendroglioma
adult mixed glioma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioma
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Temozolomide
Dacarbazine
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014