Ketamine In Thoracic Surgery (KITS) Trial
The primary aim of the study is to demonstrate a reduction in circulating interleukin 6 levels at 4 and 24 hours after completion of lobectomy (either VATS or open). The null hypothesis (H0) is thus that there is no difference in circulating interleukin 6 levels when patients are given either ketamine or placebo (0.9% saline in equivalent volume). The alternative (two tailed) hypothesis (HA) if the null is disproved is that ketamine leads to significantly different levels of interleukin 6 at 4 and 24 hours after completion of surgery. We plan to randomize 40 patients to receive either ketamine or placebo, in a block of 4 randomization design stratified by whether surgery is performed by VATS or open lobectomy.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Ketamine In Thoracic Surgery (KITS) Trial|
- Interleukin Levels at 24 Hours [ Time Frame: 24 Hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- C-reactive Protein (CRP) Serum Levels [ Time Frame: 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The CRP levels were measured 24 hours postoperatively.
- Verbal Pain Scores [ Time Frame: baseline, 4 hours, 24 hours and at discharge ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Pain scores rated by the subject on a scale of 0 low - 10 high
|Study Start Date:||July 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Single bolus 0.5mg/kg ketamine IV after induction of anesthesia
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
0.9 % saline bolus of equivalent volume
Drug: 0.9% saline
This study is designed to be a phase 2 (efficacy) randomized controlled clinical trial of ketamine versus placebo in 40 patients undergoing lobectomy by VATS or open approach, at Duke University. We selected a single dose regimen of 0.5mg/kg IV ketamine given at induction of anesthesia, as this is the dose that previously has been shown to induce maximal suppression of the IL-6 response in cardiac surgery.
We plan to randomize 40 patients to receive either ketamine or placebo, in a block of 4 randomization design stratified by whether surgery is performed by VATS or open lobectomy. 40 patients (n=20 per group) will provide 90% power to detect a change in IL 6 of 20 pg/ml from a mean of 100 pg/ml at 4 hours, with two tailed alpha = 0.05. Allowing for 10-20% attrition we will enroll 50 patients to achieve this sample size. All patients presenting for lobectomy either VATS or open will be included. Patients will be screened by review of the preoperative surgical schedule posted each day and approached for consent to participate if they do not have any exclusion criteria. Patients who are randomized but do not undergo lobectomy for any reason will not be included in the analysis of the primary endpoint. Patients who are listed for VATS resection but convert to open will be included in the analysis on a per protocol basis. The randomization is stratified according to planned approach (VATS vs open), however we expect the majority of these cases to be VATS lobectomies.
Treatment will be by intravenous administration of a single dose of study drug over 5 minutes immediately after induction of anesthesia and before surgical incision.
Patients will be randomized (by sealed envelope) in blocks of 4 to receive ketamine or placebo. The randomization will be stratified according to whether the planned surgery is via VATS or open (thoracotomy) approach. The study drug will be prepared by the investigational pharmacy and provided to the attending anesthesiologist of record for the case. It will contain 0.5 mg/kg ketamine for injection by IV bolus over 5 minutes, or as an equivalent volume of 0.9% saline. It will be the responsibility of the principal investigator to ensure that study drug is administered in a timely fashion, usually by delegation to the attending anesthesiologist of record for the case. The anesthetic procedure will be standardized in that each patient will receive a total intravenous anesthetic using propofol and an intravenous opioid infusion. This anesthetic will be supplemented by an epidural and intravenous opioid boluses as needed to control pain.
Visits by the research team will be performed as follows:
- Visit 1 will occur at enrollment, when baseline information (see CRF visit 1) will be collected and study consent forms signed.
- Visit 2 will occur at induction of anesthesia when study drug will be administered and a baseline blood sample of 10ml collected from the patient's arterial line. The blood sample will be immediately centrifuged and the serum frozen and stored for subsequent analysis.
- Visit 3 will occur at 4 hours after completion of surgery when 10 ml blood will be collected and CRF visit 3 form will be completed (VAS score and emergence delirium).
- Visit 4 will occur at 24 hours after completion of surgery when 10 ml blood will be collected and CRF visit 4 form will be completed (VAS score).
- The final visit will occur just prior to hospital discharge when CRF visit 5 form will be completed (secondary endpoints). Additionally, if the principal investigator is informed by either study staff or the clinical team of an adverse event or other complication, then the patient will be visited within 24 hours for confirmation of the event and ascertainment of whether the event is related to study drug or not. An SAE form will be completed and sent to the IRB in line with institutional policy.
|United States, North Carolina|
|Duke University Medical Center|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710|
|Principal Investigator:||Andy Shaw, M. D.||Duke University|