Trial record 1 of 3 for:    Ramipril on Urinary Protein Excretion
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Study Evaluating The Effect Of Ramipril On Urinary Protein Excretion In Renal Transplant Patients Converted To Sirolimus

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00502242
First received: July 16, 2007
Last updated: August 13, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
  Purpose

The primary objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of ramipril in preventing a urinary protein to creatinine ratio (U p/c) greater than 0.5 following conversion to sirolimus from a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) in maintenance kidney transplant patients.


Condition Intervention Phase
Kidney Transplant
Drug: ramipril
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Placebo Controlled, Double-Blind Comparative Study Evaluating The Effect of Ramipril On Urinary Protein Excretion In Maintenance Renal Transplant Patients Converted To Sirolimus

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Pfizer:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants Who Had Initiated Losartan Therapy at 52 Weeks Following Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: From Day 1 of SRL conversion to 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The event for each participant was defined as the initiation of losartan while on SRL and ramipril/placebo combination therapy. Participants who started losartan prior to SRL administration were not counted as events. Percentage was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method for time to event data.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants Who Had a Dose Escalation in Randomized Test Article (Ramipril or Placebo) by 52 Weeks Following Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: From Day 1 of SRL conversion to 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Defined as the time from the first dose of SRL administration to the first dose escalation of randomized test article (ramipril or placebo; in weeks), or censored on the day that a participant stopped the combination of SRL and randomized test article (ramipril or placebo) if the participants did not experience any ramipril/placebo dose escalation following conversion to SRL. Dose-escalation was defined as an increase in total daily dose of ramipril/placebo compared to Day 1 post conversion. Percentage was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method for time to event data.

  • Percentage of Participants With U p/c <0.5 at 24 and 52 Weeks Following Conversion to Sirolimus [ Time Frame: 24 weeks and 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Spot urine sample of protein and creatinine concentrations were obtained during the pre-SRL conversion period and after conversion.

  • Percentage of Participants With Urinary Albumin to Creatinine Ratio (U Alb/c) <0.5 at 24 and 52 Weeks Following Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: 24 weeks and 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Spot urine sample of albumin and creatinine concentrations were obtained during the pre-SRL conversion period and after conversion.

  • Percentage of Participants With Both U Alb/c <0.5 and U p/c <0.5 at 24 and 52 Weeks Following Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: 24 weeks and 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The U alb/c and U p/c must have been collected on the same day to be counted as the numerator.

  • U p/c at Baseline and Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 24, 30, 36, and 52 Following Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3, 4, 8, 12, 24, 30, 36, and 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    U p/c was measured in milligrams per milligram (mg/mg). The baseline U p/c values were the last values of the pre-SRL conversion period.

  • U Alb/c at Baseline and Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 24, 30, 36, and 52 Following Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3, 4, 8, 12, 24, 30, 36, and 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    U alb/c was measured in mg/mg. Baseline U alb/c values were the last values of the pre-SRL conversion period.

  • Percentage of Participants Who Discontinued SRL Therapy at 24 and 52 Weeks Following Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: 24 weeks and 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Defined as the percentage of participants who stop SRL (as test article) between the first day of SRL and either Week 24 or Week 52 following conversion to SRL. If a participant had a >14 day gap in SRL use, the stop date of SRL was the date of the last SRL use before it was re-initiated. Participants who early terminate SRL at Week 24 were defined as having SRL stop day less than or equal to (≤) Day 190 (selected as the midpoint between Weeks 24 and 30). Participants who early terminate SRL at Week 52 were defined as having SRL stop day ≤Day 337 (selected as the midpoint between Weeks 44 and 52).

  • Abbreviated Modified Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) at Weeks 12, 24, and 52 Following Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: 12, 24, and 52 weeks following conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Calculated in millimeters per minute per 1.73 square meters (mL/min/1.73m^2). Age and corresponding creatinine at each visit (Weeks 12, 24, and 52) were used to calculate GFR.

  • Fraction of Albumin (Milligrams Per Deciliter [mg/dL]) to Protein (mg/dL) in Urine at 24 and 52 Weeks After Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: 24 weeks and 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Baseline fraction was the last value of the pre-SRL conversion period. Only the last value of U p/c or U alb/c was used for analysis if multiple measurements occurred in the same data anlysis interval. Fraction of albumin and protein was calculated only when urine protein was 6.2 mg/dL or higher. For urine albumin, if the value was reported as '<xx.x', the numerical portion of the value was used in the calculation of fraction of albumin and protein.

  • Percentage of Participants With Potentially Clinically Important Blood Pressure (BP) Values by Diastolic and Systolic BP Category [ Time Frame: Baseline, Pre-SRL (from first dose of ramipril/placebo up to SRL conversion), On-Therapy (up to 52 weeks after SRL conversion), and Off-Therapy Period (up to 56 weeks after SRL conversion) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    BP values of potential clinical importance were recorded and categorized as follows: diastolic BP (DBP) ≤50 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) or ≥110 mmHg and systolic BP (SBP) ≤90 mmHg and ≥180 mmHg. Data were summarized for the on-therapy period and the off-therapy period and for the pre-SRL period.

  • SRL Time-Normalized Trough Concentration (Cmin,TN) by Time Interval [ Time Frame: From Day 1 of SRL conversion to 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cmin,TN was determined for SRL using the area method for the intervals: 0-2 weeks, >2-4 weeks, >4-12 weeks, >12-24 weeks, >24-36 weeks and >36-52 weeks using the equation:Cmin,TN = AUCi-j/timej-timeiwhere AUC is the area under the concentration-time curve, i is the beginning of the interval and j is the end of the interval. Cmin,TN was calculated for participants who did not dropout of studies, but were missing concentrations at the interval endpoints by carrying the last observed concentration forward to the interval endpoint.

  • Percentage of Participants With Hemoglobin Levels ≤100 Grams Per Liter (g/L) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Pre-SRL (from first dose of ramipril/placebo up to SRL conversion), On-Therapy (up to 52 weeks after SRL conversion), and Off-Therapy Period (up to 56 weeks after SRL conversion) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Percentage of Participants Using Red Blood Cell Production Stimulants (Erythropoiesis Stimulating Agents [ESAs]) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Pre-SRL (from first dose of ramipril/placebo up to SRL conversion), On-Therapy (up to 52 weeks after SRL conversion), and Off-Therapy Period (up to 56 weeks after SRL conversion) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change From Baseline in Fasting Lipid Parameters (Millimoles Per Liter [mmol/L]) at 4, 12, 24, and 52 Weeks Following Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: 4, 12, 24, and 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Parameters assessed included (all fasting) total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-densitylipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C).

  • Biopsy-Confirmed Acute Rejection (BCAR) - Number of Participants With an Event [ Time Frame: From Day 1 of SRL conversion to 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    BCAR was defined according to updated Banff criteria (1997)for renal allograft rejection. The time to the first BCAR was defined as the date of first BCAR to the date of the first dose of SRL (in weeks). Participants without BCAR were censored at the time of withdrawal from the study.

  • Percentage of Participants With First BCAR at 24 and 52 Weeks Following Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: 24 weeks and 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    BCAR was defined according to updated Banff criteria (1997)for renal allograft rejection. Participants without BCAR were censored at the time of withdrawal from the study. Defined as the first BCAR occurring on therapy following conversion to SRL based on the mITT population. Time to first BCAR was defined as the date of first BCAR to date of the first dose of SRL (in weeks). Percentages were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method for time to event data.

  • Number of Participants With BCAR by Severity of First BCAR [ Time Frame: From Day 1 of SRL conversion to 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Severity was summarized by type (antibody versus T-cell) and by phase: post-SRL (where both on-therapy and off-therapy events are included) and post-SRL (on-therapy). BCAR was categorized using Banff criteria as antibody-mediated (AM) or T-cell. AM BCAR severity was graded as Grade I (mild), Grade II (moderate [mod]), and Grade III (severe). T-cell BCAR severity was graded as 'Grade Ia, Ib (mild), Grade IIa, IIb (mod), and Grade III (severe). If a participant had both T-cell BCAR and antibody-mediated BCAR on the first rejection, the participant was counted in each category. For participants with T-cell BCAR (post-SRL and post-SRL On -Therapy) the p-value could not be calculated and all events were mild in severity.

  • Percentage of Participants With Graft Loss at 24 and 52 Weeks Following Conversion to SRL [ Time Frame: 24 weeks and 52 weeks after conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Graft loss was defined as physical loss (nephrectomy orretransplantation), functional loss (requiring dialysis for ≥56days with no return of graft function), or death.

  • Percentage of Participants Using Statins [ Time Frame: Baseline, Pre-SRL (from first dose of ramipril/placebo up to SRL conversion), On-Therapy (up to 52 weeks after SRL conversion), and Off-Therapy Period (up to 56 weeks after SRL conversion) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Percentage of Participants With an Infection [ Time Frame: From Day 1 of Ramipril/Placebo to 52 weeks after SRL conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Includes treatment-emergent adverse events based on categorization by the investigator as 'infection', regardless of the event preferred term in Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA.)

  • Percentage of Participants With Angioedema [ Time Frame: From Day 1 of Ramipril/Placebo to 52 weeks after SRL conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Includes treatment-emergent adverse events based on categorization by the investigator as angioedema, regardless of the event preferred term in MedDRA.

  • Percentage of Participants With Malignancy [ Time Frame: From Day 1 of Ramipril/Placebo to 52 weeks after SRL conversion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Includes treatment-emergent adverse events based on categorization by the investigator as 'malignancy', regardless of the event preferredterm in MedDRA.

  • Percentage of Participants With Hyperkalemia [ Time Frame: Baseline, Pre-SRL (from first dose of ramipril/placebo up to SRL conversion), On-Therapy (up to 52 weeks after SRL conversion), and Off-Therapy Period (up to 56 weeks after SRL conversion) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Hyperkalemia defined as serum potassium >5.6 millimoles per liter (mmol/L)


Enrollment: 229
Study Start Date: December 2007
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: A
Capsule - initial treatment is 5 mg (active)- oral - once per day
Drug: ramipril
Capsule - initial treatment is 5 mg (active)- oral - once per day
Placebo Comparator: B
Capsule - initial treatment is 5 mg (placebo) - oral - once per day
Drug: ramipril
Capsule - initial treatment is 5 mg (placebo) - oral - once per day

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Receiving cyclosporine (CsA) or tacrolimus (TAC) since the first month post-transplant.
  • In addition to a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI), subjects must be treated with either corticosteroids at a dosage range of 2.5 to 15 mg/day for prednisone or prednisolone (2 to 12mg/day for methylprednisolone or the alternate day equivalent) or a steroid-free regimen for a minimum of 12 weeks before randomization or either MMF (>/=500mg/day), mycophenolate sodium (MPS) (>/=360 mg/day) or AZA (>/=50mg/day). Subjects must be taking a minimum of 2 immunosuppressive drugs if on a steroid-free regimen.
  • Subject is 3 to 60 months after renal transplantation.
  • Subject is greater than 12 weeks after treatment for any acute rejection.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects who are currently receiving, or have received within 4 weeks before enrollment, RAAS blockade.
  • Subjects with a calculated GFR < 40mL/min (per the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease [MDRD-7] or abbreviated MDRD formula).
  • Subjects with a urine protein to creatinine ratio (U p/c) of >0.3.
  • Subjects with a history of uncontrolled systolic blood pressure (SBP >140 mm Hg).
  • Subjects with severe hepatic impairment (Grade C Child-Pugh score). Additional Inclusion / Exclusion Criteria apply.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00502242

  Show 50 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
Investigators
Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00502242     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0468E5-4439, B1741001
Study First Received: July 16, 2007
Results First Received: August 13, 2014
Last Updated: August 13, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ramipril
Sirolimus
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antihypertensive Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antifungal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014