The Stent or Surgery (SoS) Trial

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Medtronic
Guidant Corporation
Schneider
British Heart Foundation
Information provided by:
Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00475449
First received: May 17, 2007
Last updated: NA
Last verified: May 2007
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

This study compared two different methods of restoring blood flow to the heart when there has been a narrowing or blockage in the blood vessels that supply the heart. Currently there are two different ways of restoring blood flow. One is heart surgery where a surgeon operates directly on the heart, through an incision in the breast bone (sternum) and takes segments of the patient’s (non-essential) veins or arteries and then uses these to bypass blocked or narrowed segments in the coronary arteries. This way additional blood can be “piped” into the heart muscle wall. The second method is coronary angioplasty with stent implantation. Coronary angioplasty is a non-surgical method performed under a local anaesthetic. During angioplasty a special balloon is advanced to the site of a coronary narrowing, then inflated to make it expand and this action removes the narrowing. This is a more simple and less invasive than surgery but its value has been limited by a tendency for narrowings to reoccur(restenosis) in the six months following the treatment. When this happens a repeat procedure is often performed. To reduce the incidence of restenosis coronary stents are implanted. These are tubular metal scaffold devices that are placed inside a coronary artery at the site of a previous narrowing to help keep the artery open. These devices are usually delivered on an angioplasty balloon and expanded into place.

Both treatments are equally effective at preventing death and subsequent myocardial infarction and most doctors are happy to recommend either option. Angioplasty offers a more simple initial procedure but with a chance of needing a repeat performance. Bypass surgery represents a more significant initial undertaking with a longer recovery and convalescent period but in most cases, provides good relief of symptoms. Patient preference plays an important part in the decision process.

Bypass grafting is currently the therapy most frequently performed world-wide. Angioplasty has a number of important advantages but the need for repeat procedures currently limits its appeal.

Since these trials were performed there have been important advances in angioplasty techniques. Prominent amongst these has been the development and use of Coronary Stents which has been shown (in clinical trials) to reduce the need for repeat procedures after an initial angioplasty. Consequently stent implantation is now in routine use world wide.

If angioplasty is performed with coronary stent implantation then this may reduce the need for repeat procedures and address the principal factor currently limiting the value of this approach. If the results were found to be as good as with bypass grafting then patients could benefit from a shorter hospital stay, a less traumatic operation and a shorter recovery period. We therefore wish to compare the outcomes in patients treated with a) bypass grafting or b) angioplasty with coronary stent implantation.


Condition Intervention
Coronary Artery Disease
Procedure: percutaneous coronary intervention
Procedure: coronary artery bypass grafting

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised Controlled Trial to Compare Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting With Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty and Primary Stent Implantation in Patients With Multi-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • rates of repeat coronary revascularisation [ Time Frame: median 2 years, range 1-4 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • i. Myocardial infarction free survival [ Time Frame: median 2 years, range 1-4 years ]
  • ii. Death [ Time Frame: median 2 and 6 years ]
  • iii. Myocardial infarction. (Fatal and non-fatal) [ Time Frame: median 2 years, range 1-4 years ]
  • iv. Left ventricular function as assessed by 2D echocardiography [ Time Frame: median 2 years, range 1-4 years ]
  • vi. Functional capacity - subjective by NYHA class [ Time Frame: median 2 years, range 1-4 years ]
  • vii. Anti-anginal medication requirements [ Time Frame: median 2 years, range 1-4 years ]

Enrollment: 988
Study Start Date: November 1996
Study Completion Date: February 2006
  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent.
  • Patient has typical angina pectoris - stable or unstable symptoms.
  • Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease demonstrated with selective coronary angiography with a significant lesion present in at least two of the principal epicardial vessel systems.
  • Revascularisation procedure clinically indicated.
  • Nominated trial surgeon accepts the patient for CABG.
  • Nominated trial interventionist accepts the patient for PTCA and stent.
  • At least one identified lesion suitable and targeted for primary stent implantation.
  • A procedure for the completion of either revascularisation strategy can be performed within 6 weeks of randomisation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous CABG procedure or other thoracotomy.
  • Previous coronary interventional procedure (of any type).
  • Intervention on any cardiac valve scheduled for the index revascularisation procedure.
  • Excision or other intervention on the myocardium scheduled for the index revascularisation procedure.
  • Intervention on the great vessels, carotid arteries or aorta scheduled for the index revascularisation procedure.
  • Absent autologous graft material.
  • Non-cardiac disease influencing survival.
  • Acute myocardial infarction in the 48 hours preceding the proposed revascularisation procedure.
  • Participation in any other study that would involve deviation from the routine local management of a revascularisation procedure.
  • Allergy to anti-platelet agents in local use.
  • Language or other communication barrier.
  • Follow-up for two years not possible / Patient unreliable.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00475449

Sponsors and Collaborators
Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust
Medtronic
Guidant Corporation
Schneider
British Heart Foundation
Investigators
Study Chair: Rodney H Stables Liverpool Cardiothoracic Centre
Study Chair: Ulrich Sigwart University Hospital, Geneva
Principal Investigator: Spencer King Fuqua Heart Centre of Atlanta Piedmont Hospital
Principal Investigator: John Pepper Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust
Principal Investigator: Peter Wahrborg Institute of Stress Medicine
Principal Investigator: William Weintraub Christiana Centre for Outcomes Research
Principal Investigator: Jacobus Lubsen Erasmus Medical Centre Rotterdam
Principal Investigator: Petros Nihoyannopolous Hammersmith Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided by Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00475449     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MREC/98/2/123
Study First Received: May 17, 2007
Last Updated: May 17, 2007
Health Authority: United Kingdom: National Health Service

Keywords provided by Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust:
percutaneous coronary intervention
Stent
coronary artery bypass grafting

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014