Effects of Growth Hormone on the Nitric Oxide Pathway
The purpose of the study is to determine whether the treatment with growth hormone has an influence on the nitric oxide pathway in healthy males.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Effects of Growth Hormone (GH) on Parameters of the Nitric Oxide (NO) Pathway|
- Urinary nitrate excretion [ Time Frame: 10 days ]
- Insulin-like growth factor-1 in serum [ Time Frame: 10 days ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2005|
Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent endogenous vasodilator and has shown to inhibit key processes of atherosclerosis like monocyte adhesion, platelet aggregation, and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. Impaired endothelial NO production is a main feature of endothelial dysfunction, which by itself is an early step in the course of atherosclerotic vascular disease.
Recent studies could confirm this close association between parameters of the NO pathway and cardiovascular disease and could further enhance the knowledge on the pathophysiological mechanisms. There is a significant relationship between insulin resistance and the endogenous NO synthase inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). Moreover, evidence could be provided that plasma levels of ADMA are a strong and independent predictor of mortality and cardiovascular outcome in haemodialysis patients.
Patients with growth hormone deficiency are characterized by a 1.9 fold higher risk of death from cardiovascular disease. Again, there is good evidence, that alterations of the NO-pathway are involved in this increase of cardiovascular risk. A reduced endogenous systemic production of NO was found in patients with growth hormone deficiency, treatment with recombinant growth hormone normalized NO production. The effects of growth hormone on NO are possibly mediated by insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), which stimulates NO synthesis in vitro. The onset of IGF-I increase in healthy volunteers treated with GH is evident after 12 h, the maximum effect takes place between 5 to 8 days. Also in adults with growth hormone deficiency, the major effects of growth hormone treatment on IGF-I levels are observed within 2 weeks. After discontinuation of growth hormone therapy, IGF-1 levels return to base line within 2-3 days.
The aim of the present study is to further elucidate the in vivo effects of GH on the NO pathway and NO mediated cardiovascular functions.
|Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Hannover Medical School|
|Hannover, Lower Saxony, Germany, 30623|
|Study Director:||Dirk O Stichtenoth, MD||Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Hannover Medical School|