Combination Chemotherapy as First-Line Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage IV Gastric Cancer That Cannot Be Removed By Surgery
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as floxuridine, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well combination chemotherapy works as first-line therapy in treating patients with stage IV gastric cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase II Study of Weekly 24-hour Infusion 5-fluoro-deoxyuridine (FUdR)/Leucovorin With Oxaliplatin and Docetaxel (Taxotere) as First-line Treatment in Patients With Metastatic Gastric Adenocarcinoma (IIT# 14065)|
- Number of Patients Achieving Clinical Response [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Number of patients achieving complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) according to RECIST Criteria version 1.0.
- Overall Rate of Survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Patients will be followed for overall survival from date of enrollment to date of death or last contact. The extent of follow up will be described by the range and median for deceased patients and for those alive at last follow up. We will estimate the 1 year survival rates by the Kaplan-Meier method.
- Number of Participants Experiencing Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Number of participants experiencing adverse events within 1 year of receiving combination therapy of FUDR + Leucovorin + Oxaliplatin + Docetaxel for metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma.
|Study Start Date:||June 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: FUdR + Leucovorin + Oxaliplatin + Docetaxel (Taxotere)
Treatment will be administered on an outpatient basis. Chemotherapy will be administered weekly, 3 out of 4 weeks, on days 1, 8 and 15:
Day 1 and Day 15 Chemotherapy Administration: Patients will be administered oxaliplatin (85 mg/m2) and docetaxel (25 mg/m2) followed by FUdR/Leucovorin (110 mg/kg//500 mg/m2) on Day 1 and Day 15 of each cycle.
Day 8 Chemotherapy Administration On Day 8, treatment will consist of docetaxel (25 mg/m2) followed by FUdR/Leucovorin (110mg/kg//500mg/m2).
There will be no treatment delivered week 4 (Day 22). For the purpose of this study, one cycle equals four weeks. There will be a maximum of 6 cycles.
Other Name: TaxotereDrug: Floxuridine
Other Names:Drug: Leucovorin
Other Names:Drug: Oxaliplatin
- Determine the overall response rate in patients with unresectable stage IV gastric adenocarcinoma treated with floxuridine, leucovorin calcium, oxaliplatin, and docetaxel as first-line treatment.
- Determine the feasibility of this regimen in managing patients with unresectable stage IV gastric adenocarcinoma who have not received prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease.
- Determine disease-free survival of patients treated with this regimen.
- Evaluate overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.
- Assess the safety and toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on days 1 and 15 and docetaxel IV over 30 minutes, floxuridine IV over 24 hours, and leucovorin calcium IV over 24 hours on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 26 patients will be accrued for this study.
|United States, Florida|
|University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center - Miami|
|Miami, Florida, United States, 33136|
|Study Chair:||Bach Ardalan, MD||University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center|