Development and Evaluation of A Mailed Arthritis Self-Management Program
The purpose of this study is twofold, to develop and test the effectiveness of a mailed arthritis self-management education intervention.
Behavioral: Mailed Arthritis Self-Management Education
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
|Official Title:||Mail-Delivered Arthritis Self-Management Education -- Years 1, 2, Carryover|
- Health-related Quality of Life (Self-reported Health, Pain, Disability, Fatigue, Activity Limitation, Health Distress)
- Health Care Utilization
- Self-Management Behaviors
- Self-Efficacy for Arthritis Self-Management
|Study Start Date:||November 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2006|
Effective self-management education programs for persons with arthritis have been developed, delivered in various formats, and found effective. Because of limited resources, however, many state health departments have found dissemination difficult, particularly to vulnerable populations. Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Stanford University will develop an evidence-based mail-delivered arthritis self-management program (Arthritis Yes I Can) that is feasible for state health department use and that can be self-tailored to meet the needs of diverse populations. The study will be conducted in three phases.
During Phase One (Development) researchers will collaborate with CDC advisors, arthritis experts from state health departments, and Project consultants to develop the curriculum and compact disc (CD) and print materials for mail-delivery. We will base Arthritis Yes I Can on curricula of two evidence-based programs, the Arthritis Self Help Course (ASHC) and the Chronic Disease Self Management Program (CDSMP), and develop English and Spanish versions.
During Phase Two (Evaluation) we will utilize both a randomized pre-test post-test (four month) delayed treatment control group design and a longitudinal cohort design to evaluate program effectiveness. We will recruit 900 individuals, 300 African Americans, 300 other English speakers, and 300 Spanish speakers, who: 1. Have been diagnosed with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, or meet CDC criteria for chronic joint symptoms; 2. Are at least 18 years of age; and 3. Are able to complete informed consent, enrollment forms, and interviews/questionnaires. In addition, participants must not have participated in a previous arthritis self-management program and have access to a CD player. They must be willing to commit 8-12 hours of self-study over 4-6 weeks. We will use multiple recruitment methods, emphasizing collaboration with state and local health departments. We will measure: 1. Knowledge of Arthritis and Arthritis Self-Management, 2. Health-related Quality of Life (Self-reported Health, Pain, Disability, Fatigue, Activity Limitation, Health Distress, and Depression); 3. Health Care Utilization; 4. Self-Management Behaviors; and 5. Self-Efficacy for Arthritis Self-Management and Arthritis Helplessness. We will also evaluate participant satisfaction with mail delivery, and determine the relative success of all recruitment efforts.
If the intervention is found effective in Phase Two, we will offer guidance to the Arthritis Program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in adopting and distributing Arthritis Yes I Can (Phase Three, Dissemination).
|United States, North Carolina|
|University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill|
|Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599|
|Principal Investigator:||Jean Goeppinger, PhD, BSN||University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill|
|Principal Investigator:||Kate Lorig, DrPH, BSN||Stanford University|