Trial record 14 of 30 for:    " January 17, 2007":" February 16, 2007"[FIRST-RECEIVED-DATE]AND HIV[CONDITION]

Effects of Treatment With Aprepitant (Emend®) in HIV Infected Individuals

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00428519
First received: January 26, 2007
Last updated: April 23, 2010
Last verified: April 2010
  Purpose

The investigators' in vitro data suggest that Neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists like aprepitant will decrease the expression of CCR5, an essential co-receptor in the life cycle of HIV, in the surface of macrophages and lymphocytes to levels at least similar to those observed in patients heterozygous for the CCR5 32 mutation. Together with a direct potential antiviral effect this could alter disease progression in patients with HIV infection.

The investigators' hypothesis is that aprepitant is safe, tolerable and has antiviral activity in HIV infected individuals.

This is randomized, placebo controlled, double blind study to determine the safety and antiviral activity of aprepitant by comparing the change in HIV RNA viral load after 2 weeks of aprepitant monotherapy.

27 HIV infected males and females ≥ 18 years old who have early infection with CD4 cell counts ≥ 350 cells/mm3. Subjects will be randomized 1:1:1 to receive two different doses of aprepitant (Emend®) or placebo.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Aprepitant
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase Ib, Randomized, Placebo Controlled, Double Blind Study to Determine the Safety, Viral Suppression, Pharmacokinetics and Immune Modulatory Effects of Treatment With Aprepitant (Emend®) in HIV Infected Individuals

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Pennsylvania:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Virologic: Change in log10 HIV-1 RNA from baseline to Day 14 [ Time Frame: 14 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Safety: Incidence of Grade 2, 3, and 4 adverse events [ Time Frame: 42 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Pharmacokinetic [ Time Frame: 14 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Immunologic [ Time Frame: 14 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Neurologic [ Time Frame: 14 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 27
Study Start Date: January 2007
Study Completion Date: December 2009
Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: 1 Drug: Placebo
Placebo for 14 days
Active Comparator: 2 Drug: Aprepitant
Aprepitant at a dose of 125 mg daily for 14 days
Active Comparator: 3 Drug: Aprepitant
Aprepitant at a dose of 250 mg daily for 14 days

Detailed Description:

DESIGN

Randomized, placebo controlled, double blind study to determine the safety and antiviral activity of aprepitant by comparing the change in HIV RNA viral load after 2 weeks of aprepitant monotherapy.

DURATION

42 days.

SAMPLE SIZE and POPULATION

27 HIV infected males and females ≥ 18 years old who have early infection with CD4 cell counts ≥ 350 cells/mm3.

REGIMEN

Subjects will be randomized 1:1:1 to receive two different doses of aprepitant (Emend®) or placebo.

  • Arm A: Aprepitant placebo
  • Arm B: Aprepitant 125 mg QD
  • Arm C: Aprepitant 250 mg QD

HYPOTHESIS AND STUDY OBJECTIVES

  • Hypothesis : Aprepitant is safe, tolerable, and has antiviral activity in HIV infected individuals.
  • Primary Objectives:

    • To assess the safety and tolerability of aprepitant for 2 weeks at two different doses.
    • To assess the response of plasma HIV-1 RNA to two different doses of aprepitant compared with baseline.
  • Secondary Objectives:

    • To investigate the course and duration of antiretroviral response to 2 different doses of aprepitant given over a 14-day period.
    • To evaluate the dose-response and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic relationship between viral RNA change and aprepitant plasma levels.
    • To evaluate aprepitant effects on CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell counts, circulating SP levels, natural killer cell number and function and CCR5 expression in peripheral PBMCs.
    • To evaluate the effects of aprepitant in the viral tropism and envelope sequence of the main HIV-1 population of the participants.
    • To assess viral drug susceptibility in conjunction with baseline coreceptor tropism phenotype and changes in coreceptor phenotype after the exposure to aprepitant.
    • To evaluate aprepitant effects on fasting plasma glucose, insulin, HDL, free fatty acids, and triglyceride concentrations after 14 days of treatment.
    • To provide preliminary description of any change from baseline in sleep quality, anxious mood, depressed mood and neurocognitive measures after 2 weeks of aprepitant therapy.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. HIV-1 infection, as documented by any licensed ELISA test kit and confirmed by Western blot at any time prior to study entry. HIV-1 culture, HIV-1 antigen, plasma HIV-1 RNA, or a second antibody test by a method other than ELISA is acceptable as an alternative confirmatory test.
  2. CD4+ cell count ≥ 350/mm3 obtained within 90 days prior to study entry and performed at any CLIA-certified laboratory.
  3. Plasma HIV-1 RNA of ≥ 2000 copies/mL as measured by any standard assay (the Roche UltraSensitive HIV-1 Monitor assay (Roche Molecular Systems), or Version 3 bDNA assay or other) and performed within 90 days prior to study entry by any laboratory that is CLIA-certified (or its equivalent) for the assay.
  4. CCR5 tropic virus exclusively as determined by the Monogram tropism assay (PhenoSense Entry™).
  5. Laboratory values obtained within 30 days prior to study entry, as follows:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than 750/mm3
    • Hemoglobin greater than 10.0 g/dL
    • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3
    • Creatinine less than 2 x ULN (fasting)
    • AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT), and alkaline phosphatase less than 2 x ULN
    • Total bilirubin less than 2.5 x ULN
    • Albumin greater than 3 g/dL
    • Serum lipase less than 1.5 x ULN
  6. Female subjects of reproductive potential must have a negative spot urine pregnancy test result (with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL) performed at entry, prior to starting initial study treatment.
  7. All subjects must agree not to participate in a conception process while on study drug and for 30 days after stopping the medication.

    If participating in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy, the female study subject must use at least one of the forms of contraception listed below while receiving the protocol-specified medication and for 30 days after stopping the medication:

    • Condoms (male or female) with or without a spermicidal agent
    • Diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide
    • IUD

    Female subjects, who are not of reproductive potential defined as women who have been post-menopausal for at least 24 consecutive months, or women who have undergone surgical sterilization, (e.g. hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or salpingotomy) are eligible without requiring the use of contraception. Subject reported history is acceptable for documentation of sterilization, other contraceptive methods, menopause and a child's reproductive potential.

  8. Karnofsky performance score greater than 80 within 30 days prior to study entry.
  9. Men and women greater than 18 years of age.
  10. Ability and willingness of subject or legal guardian/representative to give written informed consent.
  11. Willing to return for a follow-up visit on day 42.
  12. Subjects taking any precautionary concomitant medications must be on stable doses for > 8 weeks prior to study entry and have no plans to change medications or doses for the duration of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Receipt of antiretroviral treatment within the 16 weeks prior to study entry or intent to initiate antiretroviral therapy within 60 days after entry.
  2. Diabetes requiring treatment with oral hypoglycemics or insulin therapy.
  3. Pregnancy within 90 days prior to study entry.
  4. Breast-feeding.
  5. Use of drugs that are inhibitors or inducers of metabolism by the cytochrome P450 CYP3A4 or CYP2C9 (such as warfarin and phenytoin) within 7 days of study entry.
  6. Use of systemic corticosteroids or hormonal agents within 90 days prior to study entry.
  7. Use of any immunomodulator, HIV vaccines, or investigational therapy within 90 days prior to study entry.
  8. Any vaccination within 30 days prior to study entry.
  9. Use of systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy within 90 days prior to study entry.
  10. History of allergy to aprepitant or its formulations.
  11. Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements.
  12. History of chronic active hepatitis B or C infection or severe hepatic dysfunction (Child-Plug score > 9) regardless of etiology.
  13. Serious illness requiring systemic treatment and/or hospitalization until subject either completes therapy or is clinically stable on therapy, in the opinion of the investigator, for at least 14 days prior to study entry.
  14. Weight < 40 kg or 88 lbs within 90 days prior to study entry.
  15. History of severe psychiatric comorbidities, such as depression, schizophrenia, mania, psychosis.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00428519

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Clinical Trials Unit. University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Pablo Tebas, MD University of Pennsylvania
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Pablo Tebas, University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00428519     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 75558, UO1MH090325
Study First Received: January 26, 2007
Last Updated: April 23, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by University of Pennsylvania:
HIV infection
Neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist
CCR5 expression
Treatment Naive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Aprepitant
Fosaprepitant
Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonists
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Gastrointestinal Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014