Now Available for Public Comment: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for FDAAA 801 and NIH Draft Reporting Policy for NIH-Funded Trials

Fluorouracil, Semustine, and Vincristine Compared With BCG in Treating Patients With Dukes' B or Dukes' C Colon Cancer That Has Been Removed By Surgery

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00427570
First received: January 18, 2007
Last updated: June 21, 2013
Last verified: August 2010
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, fluorouracil, and semustine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Biological therapies, such as BCG, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop tumor cells from growing. It is not yet known whether combination chemotherapy is more effective than BCG in treating colon cancer that has been removed by surgery.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III clinical trial is studying giving fluorouracil together with semustine and vincristine to see how well they work compared with giving BCG in treating patients with Dukes' B or Dukes' C colon cancer that has been removed by surgery.


Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Biological: BCG vaccine
Biological: biological therapy
Drug: fluorouracil
Drug: semustine
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Clinical Trial to Evaluate Postoperative Immunotherapy and Postoperative Systemic Chemotherapy in the Management of Resectable Colon Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: September 1977
Study Completion Date: May 2006
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Obtain information to define subsets of colon cancer patients at high risk of recurrence. II. Correlate pathologic and biologic parameters with disease-free interval and survival. III. Determine the value of surgical and ancillary techniques in management of colon cancer. IV. Compare disease-free interval and survival after curative resection vs. chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil/methyl-CCNU/vincristine vs. BCG immunotherapy. V. Relate the total lymphocyte count to the course of the disease. VI. Determine the feasibility of conducting a trial employing immunotherapy in a surgical adjuvant setting. VII. Identify appropriate future protocols based on data generated in the study.

OUTLINE: Randomized study for patients with Dukes Stage B and C disease only. All patients with Dukes A and D lesions enter Arm I. Arm I: No therapy following surgery. Arm II: 3-Drug Combination Chemotherapy. 5-Fluorouracil, 5-FU, NSC-19893; Methyl-CCNU, MeCCNU, NSC-95441; Vincristine, VCR, NSC-67574. Arm III: Immunotherapy. BCG-Pasteur, BCG, NSC-B116328.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Protocol closed February 1984.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 79 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: See General Eligibility Criteria

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: See General Eligibility Criteria

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00427570

Sponsors and Collaborators
NSABP Foundation Inc
Investigators
Study Chair: Norman Wolmark, MD Allegheny Cancer Center at Allegheny General Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Wolmark N, Fisher B, Rockette H, et al.: Adjuvant therapy in carcinoma of the colon: five year results of NSABP protocol C-01. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 6: A-358, 92, 1987.
Weese JL, Starling JR, Ottery FD, et al.: Should omentectomy be part of colectomy for colon cancer? [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 4: C-358, 92, 1985.
Wilkinson NW, Yothers G, Lopa SH, et al.: Long-term survival results of surgery alone compared with surgery plus 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin for stage II and stage III colon cancer: pooled analysis of NSABP adjuvant trials C-01 through C-05. [Abstract] American Society of Clinical Oncology 2009 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, 15-17 January 2009, San Francisco, CA. A-442, 2009.
Kim GP, Colangelo L, Wieand H, et al.: Prognostic and predictive roles of high-degree microsatellite instability (MSI-H) in colon cancer: National Cancer Institute (NCI)-National Surgical Adjuvant Bowel Project (NSABP) collaborative study. [Abstract] American Society of Clinical Oncology 2005 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, 27-29 January 2005, Miami, Florida. A-227, 2005.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00427570     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000071312, NSABP-C-01
Study First Received: January 18, 2007
Last Updated: June 21, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage II colon cancer
stage III colon cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Intestinal Diseases
Intestinal Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Rectal Diseases
Fluorouracil
Semustine
Vincristine
Alkylating Agents
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimitotic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses
Tubulin Modulators

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 24, 2014