Brain Power: Resistance Training and Cognitive Function

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified September 2011 by University of British Columbia.
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00426881
First received: January 23, 2007
Last updated: September 28, 2011
Last verified: September 2011
  Purpose

Primary Objectives:

1. To ascertain whether a 12-month, twice-weekly or once-weekly resistance training (RT) program will significantly improve executive function in community-dwelling women aged 65 to 75 years old compared with a 12-month, twice-weekly stretch and relax (S & R) program (shame exercise). We will assess executive function by standard neuropsychological tests.

Secondary Objectives:

  1. To describe the neural mechanisms that underpin the observed changes in executive function associated with a 12-month, twice-weekly or once-weekly RT training (by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)).
  2. To investigate whether RT-induced changes in executive function are independently associated with changes in physiological fall risk profile.
  3. To investigate the dose response of RT (resistance training) on bone health as measured by dual energy x-ray and peripheral quantitative computed tomography.
  4. To conduct a one-year follow-up after the formal cessation of the resistance training programs to determine the persisting effect of resistance training on cognitive performance, cortical plasticity, physiological falls risk, and bone health.

Condition Intervention
Healthy
Behavioral: Exercise Training
Behavioral: Exercise training

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Effect of Resistance Training on Cognitive Performance, Cortical Plasticity, and Fall Risk in Women Aged 65-75 Years Old: A 12-Month RCT

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of British Columbia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Cognitive Performance of Executive Function [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Functional MRI and physiological falls risk [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 155
Study Start Date: January 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Twice weekly resistance training for 52 weeks.
Behavioral: Exercise Training
Twice weekly resistance training for 52 weeks.
Experimental: 2
Once weekly resistance training for 52 weeks.
Behavioral: Exercise training
Once weekly resistance training for 52 weeks.
Experimental: 3
Twice weekly balance and tone training for 52 weeks.
Behavioral: Exercise training
Twice weekly resistance training for 52 weeks.

Detailed Description:

Primary Research Question: Does resistance training (RT) significantly improve cognitive function, specifically executive function in older women with a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score equal to or greater than 24 (i.e., cognitively intact) compared with a stretch & relax (S & R; control) program?

Secondary Research Questions:

  1. Are changes in cortical activation associated with RT-induced changes in executive function?
  2. Are RT-induced improvements in executive function associated with lowered physiological fall risk?
  3. Is there a dose-response on bone health with RT (resistance training)?

RESEARCH PLAN:

Study Design: A 12-month, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Participants: 155 cognitively-intact (i.e., MMSE score > 24), right-handed, sedentary community-dwelling women, aged 65 to 75 years.

Measurement: Measurements will take place at baseline, six month, and trial completion. Standard neuropsychological testing and physiological fall risk assessment will occur at all three measurement sessions. A subset of the participants (20 from each experimental group) will undergo fMRI assessment at baseline and trial completion only. Exercise Classes: Participants will be randomized to a 12-month, twice-weekly or once-weekly RT program or stretch & relax program (control). All exercises will be offered at a Vancouver YMCA with whom we have partnered previously. Sample Size Justification: The sample size of 50 per experimental group (i.e., N = 155) is based on the primary end point of this study, cognitive performance of executive function. SUMMARY: Falls are a major challenge for the senior population. To date, no intervention has significantly reduced falls among those with cognitive impairment. Our immediate primary goal is to test whether RT can improve cognitive performance of executive function; impaired executive function are associated with injurious falls. If this proposed exercise trial proves successful, the RT intervention will be trialed in the future in a larger study powered for falls.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Sedentary (less than twice weekly exercising) women aged 65-75 years old without conditions restricting them from exercising.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00426881

Locations
Canada, British Columbia
Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute Research Pavilion
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Z 1L8
YMCA
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Y 2Z5
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of British Columbia
Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Ph.D University of British Columbia
  More Information

No publications provided by University of British Columbia

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

Responsible Party: University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00426881     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H06-03216, ORSIL 06-1737, ORSIL 05-6933
Study First Received: January 23, 2007
Last Updated: September 28, 2011
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by University of British Columbia:
Exercise
Resistance training

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 19, 2014