Immunogenicity and Safety of Pediatric Vaccines When Administered With Menactra® in Healthy Toddlers

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanofi ( Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00422292
First received: January 12, 2007
Last updated: January 10, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

This is a modified single-blind, randomized, parallel-group, comparative, multicenter study to test Menactra vaccine in toddlers.

Primary Objectives:

  • To evaluate the antibody responses induced by Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella (MMRV) vaccine when administered alone or concomitantly with Menactra vaccine.
  • To evaluate the antibody responses induced by Pneumococcal Conjugated Vaccine (PCV) when administered alone or concomitantly with Menactra vaccine.

Observational Objectives:

Safety - To describe the safety profile throughout the course of the study from Day 0 up to 6 months after the last study vaccination[s]) in subjects in the study groups.

Immunogenicity:

- To describe the antibody responses to meningococcal serogroups A, C, Y, and W-135, 30 days after the first and second Menactra vaccine administration in a subset of subjects in the first study group.


Condition Intervention Phase
Meningococcal Meningitis
Measles
Mumps
Rubella
Varicella
Biological: Meningococcal Polysaccharide Diphtheria Conjugate Vaccine
Biological: Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: An Immunogenicity, Safety, and Non-Interference Evaluation of Pediatric Vaccines Administered Concomitantly With Menactra® (Meningococcal [Groups A, C, Y and W-135] Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine) to Healthy Toddlers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sanofi:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella (MMRV) Antibody Values in Participants Who Received MMRV Vaccine (Groups 2 and 4 Only) [ Time Frame: Day 30 after the 12-month vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of participants who had a concentration of ≥ 300 mIU/mL in the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or ≥ 120 mIU/mL in the neutralization when the ELISA concentration was less than 300 mIU/mL - for measles; ≥ 500 U/mL (ELISA) or ≥ 60 (1/dil) in the neutralization assay when the ELISA concentration was less than 500 mIU/mL - for mumps; ≥ 10 IU/mL (ELISA) - for Rubella; and ≥ 300 mIU/mL (ELISA) or ≥ 4 (1/dil) Fluorescent antibody to membrane antigen (FAMA) when the ELISA concentration was less than 300 mIU/mL - for varicella.

  • Geometric Mean Concentrations (GMCs) of Anti-Pneumococcal Antibodies After Pneumococcal Conjugated Vaccine (PCV) in Groups 3 and 4 [ Time Frame: Day 30 after the 12-month vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With Anti-Pneumococcal Concentrations ≥ 0.35 μg/mL After Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) in Group 3 and Group 4 [ Time Frame: Day 30 after 12-month vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants Reporting a Solicited Injection Site and Systemic Reactions After Menactra® Vaccination at 9 Months of Age [ Time Frame: Days 0 to 7 after vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Solicited injection site reactions: Injection site tenderness, injection site erythema, and injection site swelling.

    Solicited systemic reactions: Fever (temperature), vomiting, crying abnormal, drowsiness, appetite lost, and irritability.


  • Percentage of Participants With Solicited Injection Site and Systemic Reactions After Vaccination at 12 Months of Age [ Time Frame: Days 0 to 7 after vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 1664
Study Start Date: December 2006
Study Completion Date: April 2009
Primary Completion Date: January 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Menactra® at 9 and 12 Months
Participants will received Menactra® vaccination at 9 and 12 months of age.
Biological: Meningococcal Polysaccharide Diphtheria Conjugate Vaccine
0.5 mL dose, intramuscular (IM)
Other Name: Menactra®
Experimental: Menactra® at 9 Months and Menactra® + MMRV at 12 Months
Participants will receive Menactra® at 9 months of age and Menactra® plus measles, mumps, rubella, varicella (MMRV) vaccine at 12 months of age
Biological: Meningococcal Polysaccharide Diphtheria Conjugate Vaccine
0.5 mL dose, IM
Other Name: Menactra®
Experimental: Menactra® at 9 Months and Menactra® + PCV at 12 Months
Participants will receive Menactra® at 9 months of age and Menactra® plus pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) at 12 months of age
Biological: Meningococcal Polysaccharide Diphtheria Conjugate Vaccine
0.5 Ml dose, IM
Other Name: Menactra®
Active Comparator: MMRV + PCV at 12 Months
Participants who received no vaccination at 9 months of age and measles, mumps, rubella, varicella (MMRV) vaccine plus pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) at 12 months of age
Biological: Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella
0.5 mL dose, SC
Other Names:
  • ProQuad®
  • M-M-R®II

Detailed Description:

No meningococcal vaccine is presently licensed for the population aged < 2 years in the US, establishing the effectiveness of a quadrivalent polysaccharide conjugate vaccine against invasive meningococcal disease in children aged < 2 years would address this important, currently unmet public health need.

At enrollment, each 9-month old subject will be randomly assigned to a study group and vaccinated. A second vaccination will be administered at 12 months of age. Subjects will provide one blood sample during the trial.

Twelve-month old subjects will also be vaccinated with routine pediatric vaccines and provide one blood sample 30 days after vaccinations in the control group

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   9 Months to 12 Months
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria :

  • Healthy, as determined by medical history and physical examination
  • Aged 9 months (249 to 291 days) for Groups 1, 2, and 3 or aged 12 months (365 to 386 days) for Group 4 at the time of enrollment
  • The parent or legal guardian has signed and dated the Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved informed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria :

  • Serious acute or chronic disease (e.g., cardiac, renal, metabolic, rheumatologic, psychiatric, hematologic, autoimmune disorders, diabetes, atopic conditions, congenital defects, convulsions, encephalopathy, blood dyscrasias, leukemia, lymphomas of any type, or other malignant neoplasms affecting the bone marrow or lymphatic system, acute untreated tuberculosis) that could interfere with trial conduct or completion
  • Known or suspected impairment of immunologic function
  • Acute medical illness within the last 72 hours or a temperature ≥ 100.4ºF (≥38.0ºC) at the time of enrollment.
  • History of documented invasive meningococcal disease or previous meningococcal vaccination.
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C seropositivity as reported by the parent or legal guardian
  • Received either immune globulin or other blood products within the last 3 months, or received injected or oral corticosteroids, or other immunomodulator therapy within 6 weeks of the study vaccines. Individuals on a tapering dose schedule of oral steroids lasting < 7 days and individuals (e.g., asthmatics) on a short schedule of oral steroids lasting 3 to 4 days may be included in the trial as long as they have not received more than one course within the last two weeks prior to enrollment. Topical steroids are not included in this exclusion criterion.
  • Anticipated to receive oral or injected antibiotic therapy within the 72 hours prior to any blood draw. Topical antibiotics and antibiotic drops are not included in this exclusion criterion.
  • Suspected or known hypersensitivity to any of the vaccine components or history of a life-threatening reaction to the study vaccines or a vaccine containing the same substances. For ProQuad vaccine recipients, this includes a hypersensitivity to gelatin or a history of anaphylactic reactions to neomycin.
  • Thrombocytopenia or a bleeding disorder contraindicating intramuscular (IM) vaccination.
  • Parent or legal guardian unable or unwilling to comply with the study procedures
  • Participation in another interventional clinical trial in the 30 days preceding enrollment or planned participation in another clinical trial involving the investigation of a drug, vaccine, medical procedure, or medical device during the subject's trial period.
  • Diagnosed with any condition, which, in the opinion of the investigator, would pose a health risk to the subject or interfere with the evaluation of the vaccine
  • Received any vaccine in the 30-day period prior to receipt of the study vaccines, or scheduled to receive any vaccination other than influenza vaccination and hyposensitization therapy in the 30-day period after receipt of the study vaccines. Hyposensitization therapy and influenza vaccination may be received up to two weeks before or two weeks after receiving the study vaccines. Subjects should not have received their fourth dose of Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) or Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine or their first dose of Measles, mumps, rubella, varicella (MMRV) vaccine before enrollment or been scheduled to receive these vaccines outside of the study-specified visits.
  • Personal or family history of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS)
  • History of seizures, including febrile seizures, or any other neurologic disorder
  • Known hypersensitivity to dry natural rubber latex.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00422292

  Show 88 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Sanofi Pasteur Inc.
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Sanofi ( Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00422292     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MTA37
Study First Received: January 12, 2007
Results First Received: May 10, 2011
Last Updated: January 10, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Sanofi:
Menactra vaccine
Meningococcal meningitis
Measles
Mumps
Rubella
Varicella vaccines
Haemophilus influenzae type b
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Chickenpox
Herpes Zoster
Measles
Meningitis
Meningitis, Meningococcal
Mumps
Rubella
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Morbillivirus Infections
Paramyxoviridae Infections
Mononegavirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Central Nervous System Infections
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Meningitis, Bacterial
Central Nervous System Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Meningococcal Infections
Neisseriaceae Infections
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Rubulavirus Infections
Parotitis
Parotid Diseases
Salivary Gland Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Rubivirus Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014