A Phase I Study of Bevacizumab and Sunitinib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00421512
First received: January 10, 2007
Last updated: November 10, 2008
Last verified: November 2008
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to test the safety of bevacizumab and sunitinib given in combination for kidney cancer. The drugs act to stop blood vessel growth but in different ways. They have not been studied together in a previous study. We also want to find out what effects (good and bad) the combination of bevacizumab and sunitinib have on you and your tumor.


Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma
Kidney Cancer
Drug: Bevacizumab and Sunitinib
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Bevacizumab and Sunitinib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To assess the maximum tolerated dose and overall safety and tolerability of sunitinib administered in combination with bevacizumab for the treatment of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. [ Time Frame: DLT determination will be based on toxicities observed in Cycles 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To assess antitumor activity of the combination of sunitinib and bevacizumab. [ Time Frame: 28 days +/- 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To evaluate serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) [ Time Frame: every 28 days of a cycle +/- 3 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 28
Study Start Date: March 2006
Study Completion Date: May 2008
Primary Completion Date: May 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Bevacizumab and Sunitinib
    On Cycle 1, Day 0, patients will begin treatment with bevacizumab. Sunitinib will begin on Day 1. The starting dose for sunitinib will be 25mg orally daily. sunitinib will be given in a four weeks on-two weeks off schedule. Bevacizumab will begin on Day 0 and will be administered every two weeks at 10mg/kg. A cycle of therapy is 6 weeks. The sunitinib dose escalation portion of the trial will be performed to determine the MTD of sunitinib given in combination with bevacizumab. Once the MTD has been determined, 10 additional patients will be treated at the MTD of sunitinib in combination with bevacizumab.
Detailed Description:

To assess the maximum tolerated dose and overall safety and tolerability of sunitinib administered in combination with bevacizumab for the treatment of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

To assess antitumor activity of the combination of sunitinib and bevacizumab. To evaluate serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in patients treated with sunitinib and bevacizumab.

Study Design: This is a single center, open-label, Phase 1 study of sunitinib in combination with bevacizumab in patients with advanced metastatic renal cell carcinoma. This study is designed to confirm that the two agents can be administered safely in combination. Patients will begin treatment with bevacizumab on Day 0 and sunitinib on Day 1. Bevacizumab will be administered intravenously every two weeks. Sunitinib will be given orally on a 4 weeks on, 2 weeks off schedule. DLT determination will be based on toxicities observed in Cycles 1 - a cycle is defined by sunitinib dosing (6 weeks). Once the MTD for the combination has been identified, 10 additional patients will be enrolled at the MTD to further assess safety and efficacy. Patients will be treated with bevacizumab and sunitinib until there is disease progression, significant toxicity or withdrawal of patient consent. The maximum treatment duration is 24 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed renal cell carcinoma (of any histological subtype) and with metastases. Patients with unresected primary tumors may be enrolled as long as evidence of metastatic disease is also present.
  • Evidence of unidimensionally measurable disease (i.e., greater than or equal to 1 malignant tumor mass that can be accurately measured in at least 1 dimension greater than or equal to 20 mm with conventional computerized tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], or greater than or equal to 10 mm with spiral CT scan [if spiral CT scan is used, minimum lesion size should be twice the reconstruction interval used, e.g., if reconstruction size is 7 mm, lesion size should be greater than or equal to 14 mm]).
  • Bone lesions, ascites, peritoneal carcinomatosis or miliary lesions, pleural or pericardial effusions, lymphangitis of the skin or lung, cystic lesions, or irradiated lesions are not considered measurable.
  • Male or female, 18 years of age or older.
  • ECOG performance status 0 or 1.
  • Resolution of all acute toxic effects of prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgical procedure to NCI CTCAE grade less than or equal to 1.
  • Adequate organ function as defined by the following criteria:

    • Serum aspartate transaminase (AST; serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and serum alanine transaminase (ALT; serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) less than or equal to 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Total serum bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dL
  • Total white blood cell count greater than or equal to 3000 cells/µL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1500/µL
  • Platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/µL
  • Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9.0 g/dL
  • Serum calcium less than or equal to 12.0 mg/dL
  • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 2.0 x ULN
  • PT less than or equal to 1.5 ULN
  • Urine protein:creatinine ratio less than or equal to 1.0 at screening
  • Negative pregnancy test (only in women of childbearing age)
  • Signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the patient (or legally acceptable representative) has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the trial prior to enrollment.
  • Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients eligible for the higher priority IRB protocol #07-066
  • Major surgery, open biopsy, traumatic injury, radiation or systemic therapy within 4 weeks of starting the study treatment. Anticipation of major surgical procedure during the study. Prior palliative radiotherapy to metastatic lesion(s) is permitted, provided there is at least one measurable lesion that has not been irradiated.
  • More than 2 prior systemic therapies for metastatic RCC.
  • Minor surgical procedures such as fine needle aspirations or core biopsies within 7 days prior to Day 0.
  • NCI CTCAE grade 3 hemorrhage within the past 1 month.
  • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to Day 0.
  • History of or known brain metastases, current spinal cord compression, or carcinomatous meningitis.
  • Any of the following within the 12 months prior to study drug administration:

    • severe/unstable angina, MI, CABG, symptomatic congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack or peripheral vascular disease.
  • Ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of NCI CTCAE grade greater than or equal to 2, atrial fibrillation of any grade, or prolongation of the QTc interval to >450 msec for males and >470 msec for females.
  • Blood pressure > 150/90mmHg
  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • Serious, non-healing wound, ulcer or bone fracture
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illness.
  • Current treatment on another therapeutic clinical trial.
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding. Female patients must be surgically sterile or be postmenopausal, or must agree to use effective contraception during the period of therapy. All female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum or urine) within the 7 days prior to enrollment. Male patients must be surgically sterile or must agree to use effective contraception during the period of therapy. The definition of effective contraception will be based on the judgment of the principal investigator or a designated associate.
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, or may interfere with the interpretation of study results, and in the judgment of the investigator would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study.
  • Receipt of any investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to study entry.
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to bevacizumab or to any other component of bevacizumab.
  • Prior treatment with sunitinib, bevacizumab
  • Prior sorafenib given less than 8 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Unresolved symptoms or signs related to sorafenib within 8 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Use of therapeutic doses of coumadin.
  • Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00421512

Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center 1275 York Avenue
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert Motzer, MD Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Robert Motzer, MD, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00421512     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-016
Study First Received: January 10, 2007
Last Updated: November 10, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:
Renal cell carcinoma
Metastatic
Kidney Cancer
Bevacizumab
Sunitinib

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Kidney Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Kidney Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Urogenital Neoplasms
Urologic Diseases
Urologic Neoplasms
Bevacizumab
Sunitinib
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014