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Validation of MRI Measurement of Cardiac Blood Flow

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00417625
First received: December 30, 2006
Last updated: July 20, 2010
Last verified: July 2010
  Purpose

This study will test the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in measuring cardiac perfusion (blood flow). MRI of the heart can measure blood flow to heart muscle, but collateral coronary arteries (vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle) may reduce the accuracy of the measurements. This study will perform special measurements of coronary artery flow and pressure in patients undergoing heart catheterization and catheter-based treatment (angioplasty and stenting) in order to compare for accuracy with cardiac MRI.

Patients 21 years of age and older with coronary artery blockage may be eligible for this study. All participants undergo cardiac MRI, to produce images of the heart, as well as special invasive blood flow testing during heart catheterization, angioplasty, and stenting.

During MRI, the subject lies on a table that can slide in and out of the scanner (a narrow cylinder), wearing earplugs to muffle loud knocking and thumping sounds that occur during the scanning process. The procedure lasts about 45 to 90 minutes. Since the heart moves during breathing, subjects are asked to hold their breath intermittently for about 5-20 seconds. A medicine called dipyridamole is injected through a vein in the subject's arm to increase blood flow to the coronary arteries and help detect blockages. Pictures are taken of the heart before, during, and after the dipyridamole injection. Another medicine called gadolinium is also given through a vein. This medicine brightens the images to measure blood flow.

During a separate catheterization, angioplasty, and stenting procedure, subjects undergo additional invasive tests. The additional tests use a special guidewire to measure coronary artery pressure and blood flow, as well as a special ultrasound to look inside the artery.

Patients have a repeat MRI about 2 months after the catheterization.


Condition
Coronary Artery Disease

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Validation of Cardiac MR Perfusion With Cardiac Catheterization Physiological Assessment

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Enrollment: 34
Study Start Date: December 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2010
Detailed Description:

Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can measure perfusion (blood flow) to heart muscle. Collateral coronary arteries (natural bypasses to the heart) may reduce the accuracy of perfusion measured by cardiac MRI.

We are testing the accuracy of these measurements in subjects undergoing medically necessary cardiac catheterization and catheter-based treatment (angioplasty and stenting). We will perform special invasive measurements of coronary artery flow and pressure during catheterization in order to compare with cardiac MRI.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Patients with known or suspected cardiovascular disease
  • Age above age 21 (coronary artery disease is rare in subjects less than age 21)
  • Undergoing medically necessary coronary arteriography
  • Written informed consent
  • The subject must allow access to the use of previous medical information from NIH or any institution in order to participate in the research study.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Medical Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women (when uncertain, subjects will undergo urine or blood testing) or lactating women
  • Decompensated congestive heart failure (unable to lie flat during MRI or catheterization)
  • Impaired renal excretory function (calculated Glomerular Filtration Rate less than 30mL/min/1.73m(2)) unless on dialysis.

MRI Exclusion Criteria (for MRI scan only):

  • Cardiac pacemaker or implantable defibrillator
  • Cerebral aneurysm clip
  • Neural stimulator (e.g. TENS-Unit)
  • Any type of ear implant
  • Ocular foreign body (e.g. metal shavings)
  • Any implanted device (e.g. insulin pump, drug infusion device)
  • Metal shrapnel or bullet.

Unable to tolerate dipyridamole:

-Reactive airways disease (significant asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and unable to tolerate a beta adrenergic antagonist).

Post-Hoc Catheterization Exclusion Criteria (determined during coronary arteriography):

  • Excessive tortuosity or any angiographic features that, in the opinion of catheterization operator, would make invasive physiology assessments unsafe or unsuitable
  • Ongoing myocardial ischemia or other exigency that would make further study participation hazardous
  • Normal epicardial coronary arteries and normal perfusion cardiac MRI
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00417625

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00417625     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 070056, 07-H-0056
Study First Received: December 30, 2006
Last Updated: July 20, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Coronary Artery Perfusion
MRI
Fractional Flow Reserve
Coronary Flow Reserve
Collateral Artery Perfusion
Cardiovascular Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
CAD

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Vascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014