Imaging of Islet Transplantation With PET and MRT
Islets of Langerhans intended for clinical transplantation are labelled with a radioactive tracer. The tracer is retained in viable cells of the transplant. At infusion (transplantation) of the islets into the portal vein the tracer can be followed for two hours with positron emission tomography (PET). Imaging and calculations can give estimates of the proportion of surveying islets and the rate of early destruction. Also the distribution of the islets into the liver can be viewed.
Diabetes Type 1
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Imaging of Islet Transplantation With PET and MRT|
|Study Start Date:||October 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
It is suspected that the current need for repeated islets transplantation to treat diabetes type I is dependent on an early destruction of the islets when infused into the portal vein.
To trace the fate of the islet at and after infusion into the portal vein.
Islets are labelled in vitro with a radioactive tracer that can be measured with positron emission tomography. 10-20 percent of the graft is labelled. Just prior to start of infusion labelled islets are mixed with unlabelled islets (80-90 percent of the graft). The tracer used is FDG and stands for 2-[18F]-2-deoxy-D-glucose. At infusion the patient is placed in the combined computer tomography and PET camera to follow the infusion. The imaging is almost continuous for 2 h at and after infusion.
Calculations of proportion of surviving islets and rate of destruction. Localisation and distribution of islets in the liver of the recipient.
|Karolinska University Hospital, Dept. of Transplantation surgery|
|Stockholm, Sweden, S-141 86|
|Uppsala University Hospital, Dept of Transplantation Surgery|
|Uppsala, Sweden, S-751 85|
|Principal Investigator:||Gunnar Tufveson, Professor||Dept of Transplantation, Uppsala University Hospital|