Docetaxel and Temozolomide in Treating Patients With Metastatic Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
The Cleveland Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00401180
First received: November 16, 2006
Last updated: July 6, 2011
Last verified: September 2007
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of docetaxel and temozolomide in treating patients with metastatic cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Drug: docetaxel
Drug: temozolomide
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Trial of Weekly Docetaxel and Daily Temozolomide in Patients With Metastatic Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by The Cleveland Clinic:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum tolerated dose [ Time Frame: 4 cycles ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Dose-limiting toxicity [ Time Frame: 4 cycles ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 25
Study Start Date: June 2002
Study Completion Date: July 2008
Primary Completion Date: July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: docetaxel
    administered weekly in 5 escalating doses of 25 to 35 mg/ m(2) as a one-hour bolus intravenous infusion for 3 consecutive weeks.
    Drug: temozolomide
    administered orally daily for 3 weeks (escalating doses of 75 to 100 mg/m(2)). Cycles were repeated at 4 week intervals.
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the toxicity profile, dose-limiting toxicity, and maximum tolerated dose of docetaxel and temozolomide (TMZ) in patients with metastatic cancer.

Secondary

  • Determine the activity of docetaxel and TMZ in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15 and oral temozolomide once daily on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 1 year in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of docetaxel and temozolomide until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. A total of 6 patients receive treatment at the MTD.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 24 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of a nonhematologic malignancy that is refractory to standard therapy OR for which no standard therapy is available
  • Measurable (by CT scan) or evaluable disease

    • If palliative radiotherapy has been administered, the measurable disease must be outside the radiation port
  • Prior brain metastasis allowed provided it was definitely treated with external-beam radiotherapy, gamma knife, or surgical resection and is clinically stable

    • Repeat MRI or CT scans must demonstrate stabilization of disease 4 weeks after the definitive therapy is completed AND there must be no requirement for dexamethasone
  • No active CNS metastasis

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy ≥ 4 months
  • Absolute granulocyte count ≥ 1,500/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (epoetin alfa and/or transfusions allowed)
  • Creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dL
  • Bilirubin normal
  • PT normal, unless the patient is on warfarin for prior deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolus, requiring INR maintained at 2.0 - 3.0
  • Sodium and potassium normal
  • AST and ALT ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • No decompensated cardiac arrhythmia or other severe cardiovascular disease (i.e., New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III-IV heart disease)

    • Patients with clinically stable NYHA class III or IV heart disease require cardiac clearance
  • No peripheral neuropathy > grade 1
  • No infection requiring IV antibiotics within the past 14 days
  • No history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80
  • No HIV positivity
  • No hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C antibody positivity
  • No pulmonary embolus within the past 3 weeks
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use 2 methods of effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No more than 3 courses of prior immunotherapy and/or chemotherapy for metastatic disease

    • Interferon alfa in the adjuvant setting is not considered a course of prior therapy

      • Patients who relapse on adjuvant interferon alfa must be off therapy for ≥ 3 weeks
  • No prior stem cell or organ transplantation
  • More than 21 days since prior immunotherapy or chemotherapy
  • At least 21 days since prior hormonal therapy (except luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone [LHRH] agonists) or radiotherapy and recovered
  • More than 21 days since prior surgery requiring general anesthesia
  • No concurrent radiotherapy
  • Concurrent LHRH agonist therapy allowed
  • Concurrent physiologic replacement steroids allowed
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy or thalidomide
  • No concurrent filgrastim (G-CSF) or sargramostim (GM-CSF) during study chemotherapy
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00401180

Locations
United States, Ohio
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106-5065
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Cleveland Clinic
Investigators
Study Chair: Ronald M. Bukowski, MD The Cleveland Clinic
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Robert Bukowski, Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00401180     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CASE-CCF-4737, P30CA043703, CASE-CCF-4737
Study First Received: November 16, 2006
Last Updated: July 6, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by The Cleveland Clinic:
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Temozolomide
Dacarbazine
Docetaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014