Improving Medication Adherence Through Graphically Enhanced Interventions in Acute Coronary Syndromes (IMAGE-ACS)
Recruitment status was Not yet recruiting
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. Most people who die from CHD die of a heart attack. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a term that includes mild heart attacks, as well as other episodes of chest pain that may serve as a warning sign for an upcoming heart attack.
There are many medicines that can help prevent and treat ACS. However, at least 25% of patients don't take their medications as prescribed. When patients don't take their medications, we say they are noncompliant or nonadherent with the treatment.
The period following hospital discharge is a vulnerable time for many patients. Patients are often confused about what to do when they return home from the hospital. Many patients don,t take their medications correctly, or they don't take them at all. Patients with poor literacy skills have more trouble than others, because it is harder for them to follow written instructions. Overall, about half of the adults in the U.S. have poor literacy skills. It is important to develop ways to help these adults manage their health better.
The purposes of this research project are 1) to learn more about the relationship between low literacy and medication adherence after hospital discharge, and 2) to test a strategy designed to help patients take their medicines more regularly. We will recruit consenting patients hospitalized with ACS. We will measure their literacy skills, ask questions about how they take their medicines, and measure other related factors like social support and self-efficacy. Patients will then be assigned to 1 of 2 groups. One group will receive only usual care at hospital discharge, which usually includes the nurse and physician briefly reviewing the medication prescriptions. The other group will receive an illustrated daily medication schedule and special, tailored counseling from a pharmacist at their time of discharge. About 1 week after patients leave the hospital we will contact them by phone to ask them questions about how they have been taking their medicines. We will get data from patients records for 6 months to see if the intervention had an impact on their medication compliance, blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes measurements.
If this study is successful, this simple strategy could be implemented by hospitals to improve medication compliance after discharge. This study will also provide more information about how patients' literacy skills affect their medication compliance.
Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)
Procedure: Graphic medication schedule (Pill card)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
|Official Title:||Improving Medication Adherence Through Graphically Enhanced Interventions in Acute Coronary Syndromes|
|Contact: Sunil Kripalani, MD, MScfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Rashanda Robertson, MPHemail@example.com|
|United States, Georgia|
|Grady Memorial Hospital||Not yet recruiting|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30303|
|Contact: Sunil Kripalani, MD, MSc 404-778-1627 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Sunil Kripalani, MD, MSc|
|Principal Investigator:||Sunil Kripalani, MD, MSc||Emory University|