Emergency Department Telephone Quitline
The purpose of this preliminary study was to evaluate the intervention completion rate among cigarette smokers enrolled through the Emergency Department (ED) in a tobacco quitline (QL) and to assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial assessing the efficacy of this intervention.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Telephone Quitline Intervention for Smoking Cessation Through the Emergency Department|
- The primary outcome was completion of the QL intervention.
|Study Start Date:||September 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
This pilot study was a prospective, randomized, controlled, un-blinded study using a convenience sample of cigarettes smokers recruited through the ED.
Utilizing a computerized block randomization schedule, subjects were randomized in blocks of four to receive a proactive QL intervention through an established QL or a United States Public Health Service (USPHS) self-help manual. Proactive telephone counseling describes counseling that is initiated by a counselor rather than the subject. Both groups received strong advice to quit from study personnel.
Names and telephone numbers of patients randomized to the QL group were faxed to the QL which then initiated contact with the patient. Multiple contact attempts were made over the following week by telephone. Patients in the QL were instructed to call the QL if they had not been reached in one week. QL counseling involved an initial 45-minute telephone session followed by up to four 10 to 15 minute follow-up sessions around their identified quit date. QL patients not successfully contacted within one week of enrollment were sent a letter inviting them to call as well as information on strategies to help them quit.