Study of Dose-dense Adriamycin Plus Cytoxan (AC) Followed by Either ABI-007 (Abraxane) or Taxol With Bevacizumab as Adjuvant Therapy for Patients With Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Celgene Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00394251
First received: October 30, 2006
Last updated: August 8, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

The primary objective of this study was to compare the safety of dose-dense ABI-007 (Abraxane) 260 mg/m^2 or Taxol 175 mg/m^2 given every 2 weeks following dose-dense Adriamycin plus Cytoxan (AC) chemotherapy. Bevacizumab was administered at 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks throughout chemotherapy, and then at 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks following chemotherapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: Adriamycin and Cytoxan (AC)
Drug: ABI-007
Drug: Taxol
Drug: Bevacizumab
Drug: pegfilgrastim
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label, Randomized, Comparative Pilot Study of Dose-dense Adriamycin Plus Cytoxan (AC) Followed by Either ABI-007 (Abraxane) or Taxol With Bevacizumab as Adjuvant Therapy for Patients With Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Celgene Corporation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Participants With Treatment-Emergent Toxicities With a Frequency >=20% at 3 Months Post Chemotherapy [ Time Frame: Month 7 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Toxicities are summarized using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) terms. Participants with treatment-emergent toxicities with a frequency of >=20% in any treatment arm, and participants with at least one toxicity are reported.

    Taxane subsets (ABI-007 subset and Taxol subset treatment arms) summarize participants with treatment-emergent toxicities defined as any AEs that begin or worsen in severity grade after the start of taxane treatment (cycle 5, week 9) through 30 days after the last dose of taxane (week 20) and were ongoing 3 months after chemotherapy (month 7).

    Entire regiments (AC --> ABI-007 and AC --> Taxol treatment arms) summarize participants with treatment-emergent toxicities defined as any AEs that begin or worsen in severity grade after the start of chemotherapy (cycle 1, week 1) through 30 days after the last dose of chemotherapy (week 20) and were ongoing 3 months after chemotherapy (month 7).


  • Participants With Treatment-Emergent Toxicities With a Frequency >=20% at 6 Months Post Chemotherapy [ Time Frame: Month 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Toxicities are summarized using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) terms. Participants with treatment-emergent toxicities with a frequency of >=20% in any treatment arm, and participants with at least one toxicity are reported.

    Taxane subsets (ABI-007 subset and Taxol subset treatment arms) summarize participants with treatment-emergent toxicities defined as any AEs that begin or worsen in severity grade after the start of taxane treatment (cycle 5, week 9) through 30 days after the last dose of taxane (week 20) and were ongoing 6 months after chemotherapy (month 10).

    Entire regiments (AC --> ABI-007 and AC --> Taxol treatment arms) summarize participants with treatment-emergent toxicities defined as any AEs that begin or worsen in severity grade after the start of chemotherapy (cycle 1, week 1) through 30 days after the last dose of chemotherapy (week 20) and were ongoing 6 months after chemotherapy (month 10).



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The Cumulative Dose of Taxane Delivered During Study [ Time Frame: approximately week 9-16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The cumulative dose of taxane (Taxol or ABI-007) taken during the study (cycles 4-8 which is approximately weeks 9-16).

  • Mean Taxane Dose Intensity Per Week [ Time Frame: approximately week 9-16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Cumulative taxane (ABI-007 or Taxol) dose divided by the number of weeks on taxane treatment.

  • Percent of Protocol Taxane Dose [ Time Frame: approximately week 9-16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Percent of the protocol-defined taxane (ABI-007 or Taxol) dose that was actually taken by study participants.

  • Summary of Participant Treatment Exposure, Dose Interruptions, Dose Reductions, and Dose Delays [ Time Frame: up to Week 46 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Counts of participants who

    • completed the protocol-defined treatment cycles,
    • had a dose interruption
    • had a dose reduction
    • had a dose delay. A dose delay refers to the delay of all interventions in the cycle.

    Dose modifications are typically caused by clinically significant laboratory abnormalities and /or treatment emergent adverse events/toxicities.

    Use of pegfilgrastim is included in the summary.


  • Myelosuppression During Taxane Dosing Cycles [ Time Frame: Weeks 9-16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Myelosuppression represented by neutropenia (low absolute neutrophil counts (ANC)) with severity grades according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v3.0 (CTCAE).

    • Grade 1 = <lower limit of normal (LLN)-1.5*10^9/L
    • Grade 2 = <1.5 - 1.0*10^9/L
    • Grade 3 = <1.0 - 0.5*10^9/L
    • Grade 4 = <0.5*10^9/L

    Values are reported across all severity grades without assessment of relationship to taxane treatment, and also by relation to taxane treatment as reported by investigators.


  • Change From Baseline in Percent Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (% LVEF) at the Final Evaluation [ Time Frame: up to week 46 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is an indication of cardiotoxicity. Change from baseline measurements to the final evaluation are summarized.

  • Summary of Participants' Most Severe Grade for Liver and Renal Function Laboratory Adverse Experiences During Study (All Treatment Cycles) [ Time Frame: Week 1 up to week 50 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Summary of the most severe grades using the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v3.0 (CTCAE) for the following liver and renal function tests.

    Grade 0 = within normal range for all measurements.

    Alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST):

    • Grade 1 = > upper limit of normal (ULN) - 2.5*ULN
    • Grade 2= >2.5-5.0*ULN
    • Grade 3= >5.0-20.0*ULN
    • Grade 4= >20.0*ULN

    Bilirubin:

    • Grade 1= >ULN - 1.5*ULN
    • Grade 3= >3.0 - 10.0*ULN

    Creatinine:

    - Grade 1= >ULN - 1.5*ULN



Enrollment: 197
Study Start Date: August 2006
Study Completion Date: February 2008
Primary Completion Date: March 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: AC --> ABI-007
Adriamycin and Cytoxan plus Bevacizumab for four cycles (weeks 1-8); 260 mg/m^2 ABI-007 (Abraxane) plus Bevacizumab for four cycles (weeks 9-16); Bevacizumab (weeks 17-46).
Drug: Adriamycin and Cytoxan (AC)
Adriamycin (doxorubicin) and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) make up the chemotherapy regimen known as AC. Adriamycin 60 mg/m^2 intravenous, plus Cytoxan 600 mg/m^2 intravenous on Day 1 of each of four 2-week cycles (weeks 1-8).
Other Names:
  • doxorubicin
  • cyclophosphamide
Drug: ABI-007
260 mg/m^2 IV on day 1 of each of four 2-week cycle, representing treatment cycles 5-8 (weeks 9-16)
Other Name: Abraxane
Drug: Bevacizumab
10 mg/kg on day 1 of each of eight 2-week cycles (weeks 9-16), then 15 mg/kg on day 1 of each of ten three-week cycles (weeks 17-46).
Other Name: Avastin®
Drug: pegfilgrastim
6 mg subcutaneous (SC) on day 2 for each of the first four 2-week cycles (weeks 1-8). Pegfilgrastim 6 mg SC was administered on day 2 of cycles 6-8 (weeks 11-16) during taxane treatment only if necessary.
Other Name: Neulasta
Experimental: AC --> Taxol
Adriamycin and Cytoxan plus Bevacizumab for four cycles (weeks 1-8); 175 mg/m^2 Taxol plus Bevacizumab for four cycles (weeks 9-16); Bevacizumab (weeks 17-46).
Drug: Adriamycin and Cytoxan (AC)
Adriamycin (doxorubicin) and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) make up the chemotherapy regimen known as AC. Adriamycin 60 mg/m^2 intravenous, plus Cytoxan 600 mg/m^2 intravenous on Day 1 of each of four 2-week cycles (weeks 1-8).
Other Names:
  • doxorubicin
  • cyclophosphamide
Drug: Taxol
175 mg/m^2 intravenously (IV) on day 1 of each of four 2-week cycle, representing treatment cycles 5-8 (weeks 9-16)
Other Name: paclitaxel
Drug: Bevacizumab
10 mg/kg on day 1 of each of eight 2-week cycles (weeks 9-16), then 15 mg/kg on day 1 of each of ten three-week cycles (weeks 17-46).
Other Name: Avastin®
Drug: pegfilgrastim
6 mg subcutaneous (SC) on day 2 for each of the first four 2-week cycles (weeks 1-8). Pegfilgrastim 6 mg SC was administered on day 2 of cycles 6-8 (weeks 11-16) during taxane treatment only if necessary.
Other Name: Neulasta

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

A patient was eligible for inclusion in this study only if all of the following criteria were met:

  1. Female, age greater than or equal to 18 to less than or equal to 70 years old.
  2. Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status have been determined.
  3. Operable, histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast
  4. Must have met 1 of the following criteria:

    • T1-3, N1-3, M0, regardless of ER or PR status.
    • T > 2 cm, N0, M0 (T2-3N0M0), regardless of ER or PR status.
    • T > 1 cm, N0, M0 (T1cN0M0) and both ER and PR negative
    • T > 1 cm, N0, M0, ER or PR positive and grade 3
  5. Patients with one sentinel lymph node metastasis 0.2-2 mm in size were not required to undergo completion axillary dissection unless only 1 sentinel lymph node was examined. This completion axillary dissection was optional if 1 out of 2 or more sentinel lymph nodes was positive for a micrometastasis. Therefore if 1 of 1 sentinel lymph node was positive for micrometastasis(0.2-2 mm), then a completion axillary dissection was required.
  6. Patients with more than one sentinel node micrometastasis or 1 node with a micrometastasis > 2 mm and/or T3 disease must have undergone completion, standard axillary dissection. -Note: the following were not eligible-

    T1b,c,N0M0 and ER or PR positive and grade 1 or 2 Tx tumors (regardless of nodal status) T4 disease [i.e., patients with fixed tumors, peau d'orange skin changes, skin ulcerations, or inflammatory changes

    • Note: Sentinel lymph node micrometastasis < 0.2 mm in considered N0 disease
  7. Negative surgical margins on lumpectomy or mastectomy specimen (no ink on invasive cancer and no ink on ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS]).
  8. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
  9. Normal electrocardiogram (ECG, as assessed by the investigator).
  10. No pre-existing peripheral neuropathy.
  11. It had not been longer than 84 days since the date of definitive surgery (eg, mastectomy or in the case of a breast-sparing procedure, axillary dissection).
  12. Laboratory values were to be as follows:

    • White blood cell count: > or equal to 3,000/mm^3
    • Absolute neutrophil count:> or equal to 1,500/mm^3
    • Platelets:> or equal to 100,000/mm^3
    • Hemoglobin: > or equal to 8g/dL
    • Bilirubin:< or equal to the institution's ULN
    • Creatinine: < or equal to 1.7 mg/dL
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase could be up to 2.5 times the institutional ULN.
  13. All staging studies including physical exam, chest x-ray, and bone scan had to show no evidence of metastatic disease, including suspicious lymphadenopathy or skin nodules on physical exam. A chest x-ray and bone scan were mandatory; however, all other staging studies were at the treating physician's discretion. Any other staging test (eg, Computed Tomography [CT] scans, magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] studies, ultrasound of abdomen, Positron Emission Tomography [PET] scans must have been negative for metastatic disease. An abdominal CT scan or PET scan was mandatory for patients with liver function tests elevated above the upper limit of normal (ULN) to rule out metastatic disease. If the patient had a staging PET scan then a bone scan was not necessary, but a chest x-ray was required.
  14. Patient had a negative serum pregnancy test < or equal to 14 days of the first dose of study drug (patients of childbearing potential).
  15. If fertile, patient had agreed to us an acceptable method of birth control to avoid pregnancy [Note: oral contraceptives were not allowed] for the duration of chemotherapy and hormonal therapy and for 6 months thereafter.
  16. If obese, a patient must have been treated with doses calculated using his/her actual body surface area (BSA) (the physician must have been comfortable treating at the full BSA dose regardless of BSA).
  17. Patient had signed a Patient Informed Consent Form.

Exclusion Criteria:

A patient was not eligible for inclusion in this study if any of the following criteria applied:

  1. Patients with HER-2 positive breast cancer (IHC 3+ or FISH +) who were eligible for adjuvant Herceptin therapy.
  2. Stage IV breast cancer (M1 disease on TNM staging system).
  3. Prior anthracycline, anthracenedione (mitoxantrone), or taxane therapy
  4. Neoadjuvant therapy for this breast cancer.
  5. Previous invasive cancers if treated < 5 years prior to entering this study, except basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix; the latter were not required to have occurred more than 5 years prior to study entry.
  6. Prior invasive breast cancer if diagnosed < 5 years prior to entering study. Patients must have finished adjuvant hormonal therapy prior to registration. Patients with prior DCIS are eligible. Patients with DCIS who were treated with tamoxifen must have finished tamoxifen prior to registration.
  7. Serious medical illness, other than that treated by this study, which would limit survival to < 4 years, or psychiatric condition that would prevent informed consent and compliance with study treatment.
  8. Uncontrolled or severe cardiovascular disease including recent (< or equal to 12 months) myocardial infarction or unstable angina.
  9. Active uncontrolled bacterial, viral (including clinically defined Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome [AIDS]), or fungal infection.
  10. Patients with active or chronic hepatitis with abnormal liver function tests (LFTs) or patients who were known to be HIV positive.
  11. Uncontrolled disease such as uncontrolled diabetes.
  12. Any prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy.
  13. Any known central nervous system (CNS) disease.
  14. Known hypersensitivity to any component of bevacizumab.
  15. No history of cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack at any time.
  16. Active symptomatic vascular disease, e.g., aortic aneurysm or aortic dissection, and no peripheral vascular disease, e.g., claudication, within six months of study entry.
  17. No major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days and no core biopsy or minor surgical procedure (excluding placement of a vascular access device) within seven days of study entry. No anticipated need for major surgical procedure during the course of study.
  18. No history of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra- abdominal process within six months of study entry.
  19. No serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  20. No proteinuria at screening as demonstrated by urine protein: urine creatinine (UPC) ratio of > or equal to 1.0 or urine dipstick for proteinuria > or equal to 2+ (patients discovered to have > or equal to 2+ proteinuria on dipstick urinalysis at baseline should have undergone a 24 hour urine collection and must have demonstrated < or equal to 1g of protein in 24 hours to be eligible).
  21. Inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg and /or diastolic blood pressure> 100 mmHg on antihypertensive medications) or New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade 2 or greater congestive heart failure.
  22. History or coagulopathy, bleeding diathesis, therapeutic anticoagulation other than low dose or chronic acetyl salicylic acid (ASA)> or equal to 325 mg. per day. Low dose coumadin for anticoagulation of venous access device or low dose molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis or low dose (325 mg or less) ASA prophylaxis are allowed, but are best avoided if the treating physician feels it is safe to do so.
  23. Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) on cardiac echocardiography (ECHO) < 50% (or institutional lower limit of normal [LLN]) and > or equal to 74%. LVEF of greater than 75% at baseline should have been re- reviewed and/or the test repeated as it could be falsely elevated.
  24. Patients who were receiving concurrent immunotherapy.
  25. A history of other malignancy within the last 5 years, which could affect the diagnosis or assessment of breast cancer recurrence or which could shorten a patient's survival.
  26. Patient had had an organ allograft.
  27. Patient was pregnant or breastfeeding.
  28. Patient was unable to comply with requirements of study.
  29. Patient was receiving any other investigational drugs.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00394251

  Show 27 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Celgene Corporation
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Celgene Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00394251     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CA045
Study First Received: October 30, 2006
Results First Received: November 2, 2010
Last Updated: August 8, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Celgene Corporation:
Adjuvant therapy
Bevacizumab
Abraxane
Early stage breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Cyclophosphamide
Liposomal doxorubicin
Bevacizumab
Doxorubicin
Paclitaxel
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antirheumatic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Angiogenesis Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014