A Comparison of Ticagrelor (AZD6140) and Clopidogrel in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome (PLATO)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00391872
First received: October 23, 2006
Last updated: February 10, 2012
Last verified: February 2012
  Purpose

Ticagrelor is a new, reversible binding, anti-platelet medication. Anti-platelet medications work to prevent the formation of blood clots. Ticagrelor is being developed as a treatment for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). ACS is a term that is used to describe both heart attacks in progress or the imminent threat of a heart attack. ACS is usually caused by the formation of a blood clot in an artery that partially or totally blocks the blood supply to a portion of the heart muscle. Ticagrelor will be compared with clopidogrel to determine which drug, when either is used in conjunction with aspirin, is better at reducing deaths from vascular causes, future heart attacks and/or strokes in patients with ACS.


Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Drug: Ticagrelor
Drug: Clopidogrel
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised, Double-blind, Parallel Group, Phase 3, Efficacy and Safety Study of Ticagrelor Compared With Clopidogrel for Prevention of Vascular Events in Patients With Non-ST or ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) [PLATO- a Study of PLATelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes]

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by AstraZeneca:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Participants With Any Event From the Composite of Death From Vascular Causes, Myocardial Infarction (MI), and Stroke [ Time Frame: Randomization up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with death from vascular causes, MI, or stroke. If no event, censoring occurs at the earliest of patient withdrawal consent or date of scheduled withdrawal from therapy. Intention To Treat (ITT) analysis of whole population. Events were adjudicated by an endpoint committee.

  • Participants With Any Major Bleeding Event [ Time Frame: First dosing up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants with major (fatal/life-threatening or other) bleed by a study protocol scale based on need for treatment, number of transfusions, hemoglobin decrease, and other factors. Events were adjudicated by an endpoint committee.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Participants With Any Event From the Composite of Death From Vascular Causes, MI, and Stroke for the Subgroup of Patients With Intent for Invasive Management at Randomization [ Time Frame: Randomization up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with death from vascular causes, MI, or stroke. If no event, censoring occurs at the earliest of patient withdrawal consent or date of scheduled withdrawal from therapy. ITT analysis of intent for invasive management population. Events were adjudicated by an endpoint committee.

  • Participants With Any Event From the Composite of All-cause Mortality, MI, and Stroke [ Time Frame: Randomization up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with death from any cause, MI, or stroke. If no event, censoring occurs at the earliest of patient withdrawal of consent or date of scheduled withdrawal from therapy. ITT analysis of whole population. Events were adjudicated by an endpoint committee.

  • Participants With Any Event From the Composite of Death From Vascular Causes, MI (Including Silent), Stroke, Recurrent Ischemia, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) and Other Arterial Thrombotic Events. [ Time Frame: Randomization up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with death from vascular causes, MI, stroke, recurrent ischemia, or other thrombotic events. If no event, censoring occurs at the earliest of patient withdrawal consent or date of scheduled withdrawal from therapy. ITT analysis of whole population. Events were adjudicated.

  • Participants With MI Event [ Time Frame: Randomization up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with MI event. If no event, censoring occurs at the earliest of patient withdrawal consent or date of scheduled withdrawal from therapy. ITT (intention to treat) analysis of whole population. Events were adjudicated by an endpoint committee.

  • Participants With Death From Vascular Causes [ Time Frame: Randomization up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with death from vascular causes. If no event, censoring occurs at the earliest of patient withdrawal consent or date of scheduled withdrawal from therapy. ITT (intention to treat) analysis of whole population. Events were adjudicated by an endpoint committee.

  • Participants With Stroke [ Time Frame: Randomization up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with stroke. If no event, censoring occurs at the earliest of patient withdrawal consent or date of scheduled withdrawal from therapy. ITT (intention to treat) analysis of whole population. Events were adjudicated by an endpoint committee.

  • Participants With Death From Any Cause [ Time Frame: Randomization up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with death from any cause. If no event, censoring occurs at the earliest of patient withdrawal consent or date of scheduled withdrawal from therapy. ITT (intention to treat) analysis of whole population. Events were adjudicated by an endpoint committee.

  • Participants With Non-CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft) Related Major Bleeding [ Time Frame: First dosing up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants with non CABG related major (fatal/life-threatening or other) bleed by a study protocol scale based on need for treatment, number of transfusions, hemoglobin decrease, and other factors. Events were adjudicated by an endpoint committee.

  • Participants With Major or Minor Bleeding [ Time Frame: First dosing up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants with major (fatal/life-threatening or other) or minor bleed by a study protocol scale based on need for treatment, number of transfusions, hemoglobin decrease, and other factors. Events were adjudicated by an endpoint committee.

  • Participants With Non-procedural Major Bleeding [ Time Frame: First dosing up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants with non-procedural major bleed by a study protocol scale based on need for treatment, number of transfusions, hemoglobin decrease, and other factors. Events were adjudicated by an endpoint committee.

  • Participants With Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Major Bleeding [ Time Frame: First dosing up to 12 months   ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants with a major CABG-related bleed by a study protocol scale based on need for treatment, number of transfusions, hemoglobin decrease, and other factors. All CABG surgeries were submitted for adjudication by an endpoint committee as potential bleeds.

  • Participants With Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Major Fatal/Life-threatening Bleeding [ Time Frame: First dosing up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of participants with a major fatal/life-threatening CABG-related bleed by a study protocol scale based on need for treatment, number of transfusions, hemoglobin decrease, and other factors. All CABG surgeries were submitted for adjudication by an endpoint committee as potential bleeds.

  • Participants With Ventricular Pauses of Greater Than or Equal to 3 Seconds in Patients Monitored by Holter 24-hour ECG Recorders for 1 Week Following Randomization [ Time Frame: 1-week period following randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of participants who were observed to have at least 1 ventricular pause of at least 3 seconds. Population is all patients who were observed over 2 week-long periods. Pauses were flagged algorithmically and confirmed by Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) group cardiologists.

  • Participants With Ventricular Pauses of Greater Than or Equal to 3 Seconds in Patients Monitored by Holter 24 Hour ECG Recorders for 1 Week at 1 Month Following Randomization [ Time Frame: 1-week period following randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of participants who were observed to have at least 1 ventricular pause of at least 3 seconds. Population is all patients who were observed over 2 week-long periods. Pauses were flagged algorithmically and confirmed by TIMI cardiologists.


Enrollment: 18624
Study Start Date: October 2006
Study Completion Date: March 2009
Primary Completion Date: March 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Clopidogrel
Oral treatment
Drug: Clopidogrel
Clopidogrel 75 mg once daily dose (ODD)
Other Name: Plavix®
Experimental: Ticagrelor
Oral treatment
Drug: Ticagrelor
Ticagrelor (AZD6140) 90 mg twice daily dose (BD)
Other Name: AZD6140

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female 18 years or older who has been hospitalised for chest pain and potential ACS
  • Females of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at enrollment and be willing to use 2 methods of reliable contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Persons with moderate or severe liver disease
  • Persons who have already been treated with an invasive (angioplasty) procedure for the current episode of ACS
  • Persons who are being treated with blood clotting agents that cannot be stopped
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00391872

  Show 672 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
AstraZeneca
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert Harrington, MD Duke Clinical Research Institute
Principal Investigator: Lars Wallentin, MD Uppsala Clinical Research Centre
Study Director: Jonathan C. Fox, MD AstraZeneca
  More Information

No publications provided by AstraZeneca

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

Responsible Party: AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00391872     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D5130C05262, PLATO
Study First Received: October 23, 2006
Results First Received: January 31, 2011
Last Updated: February 10, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by AstraZeneca:
ACS
Acute coronary syndrome
Heart attack
Unstable angina
Coronary artery disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Syndrome
Angina Pectoris
Cardiovascular Diseases
Chest Pain
Disease
Heart Diseases
Myocardial Ischemia
Pain
Pathologic Processes
Signs and Symptoms
Vascular Diseases
Clopidogrel
Ticagrelor
Ticlopidine
Cardiovascular Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Fibrinolytic Agents
Hematologic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Purinergic Agents
Purinergic Antagonists
Purinergic P2 Receptor Antagonists
Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014