Taurine in Adolescents With Bipolar Disorder

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Stanley Medical Research Institute
Mclean Hospital
Information provided by:
Cambridge Health Alliance
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00391001
First received: October 19, 2006
Last updated: February 2, 2010
Last verified: June 2008
  Purpose

Recently, McLean hospital conducted a 4 month taurine study which showed a reduction in mania ratings. As a follow-up to the preliminary taurine study, and complementary to the currently ongoing double-blind, placebo-controlled trial for taurine in adults with bipolar disorder, this study will target adolescent bipolar subjects (type I) with symptoms of mania or mixed mania. To our knowledge, this would be the first study to evaluate the effects of the novel compound taurine in adolescent subjects with bipolar disorder.

We hypothesize there will be a positive response in some adolescents from taurine treatment, and this positive response will be greater than that expected by chance. This study may demonstrate that taurine is a well-tolerated and effective adjunct treatment for mania in bipolar disorder.


Condition Intervention Phase
Bipolar Disorder
Drug: Taurine
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Taurine as an Anti-Manic Agent: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study in Adolescents With Bipolar Disorder

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Cambridge Health Alliance:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS; 11 item structured interview; Young et al 1978). [ Time Frame: weekly ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 4
Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: August 2007
Primary Completion Date: August 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 Drug: Taurine
double-blind, placebo-controlled, adjunctive medication
Placebo Comparator: 2 Drug: Taurine
double-blind, placebo-controlled, adjunctive medication

Detailed Description:

A cohort of adolescent (ages 13-18) patients with bipolar disorder and current manic symptoms will be approached for participation in this 3-month outpatient study. Taurine or matching placebo will be administered orally, in capsules, and added to whatever medication(s) the patients are receiving from their clinicians. The specific medications and dosages will be determined solely by the subjects' non-study clinicians ("treatment-as-usual"). During the 3 months of the study, subjects will be required to keep their medications nearly constant (minor dosage adjustments for side-effects or to maintain therapeutic levels will be permitted) for the duration of the trial. Since taurine will be an adjunctive therapy, patients currently taking mood stabilizers can continue to do so. The research team will work closely with the subject and their outpatient clinician(s) to coordinate the medication issues. The results from standard rating scales for bipolar disorder research will be compared between the group receiving the taurine and the group receiving placebo.

The sample will include thirty adolescent (ages 13-18) outpatients with bipolar disorder, type I. The study will be 3 months long.

Study Drugs: The cohort will be randomized to receive either taurine or matching placebo (microcellulose). Taurine and placebo will be provided in 500 mg vegetable capsules.

Follow-up visits and clinical ratings:

During the baseline visit, a detailed psychiatric and medical history will be obtained. The adolescent will start study medicine at that time. The following standard rating scales will be performed:

  1. Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Episode (K-SADS-PL) with additional mood onset and offset items derived from the WASH-U K-SADS (K-SADS-PL-W) (Kaufman 1997).
  2. Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS; 11 item structured interview; Young et al 1978).
  3. Children's Depression Rating Scale - Revised (CDRS-R; Overholser 1995).
  4. The ADHD Rating Scale (ARS-IV; DuPaul 1998).
  5. Clinical Global Impression scale - Bipolar version (CGI-BP; Guy 1976).
  6. Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS; Shaffer 1995).
  7. Montgomery-Asberg Depression rating Scale (MADRS; Montgomery & Asberg 1979).
  8. Brief Adverse Effect Rating Scale.
  9. Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale for Children (BPRS-C; Overall & Pfefferbaum 1982).
  10. Safety Assessment (derived from our group's ongoing treatment studies).

After the baseline evaluation, subjects will be evaluated every week for 1 month, and then every 2 weeks for the remainder of the 3 months. The same rating scales will be performed at each follow-up visit, except for the KSADS-PL-W and the ARS-IV. Instead of the full KSADS-PL-W at the follow-up visits, only the screening questions for mania and depression will be performed in order to aid in the determination of syndromic recovery or recurrence. In addition, patients will maintain a daily Mood Diary, which will be reviewed at each study visit to elicit symptom recall.

All ratings will be performed by blind study personnel, who will not know whether the patient is receiving taurine or placebo.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years to 18 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must meet DSM-IV-TR criteria for bipolar disorder (type I), and current hypomania, mania, or mixed mania.
  • Subjects must be between the ages of 13 through 18 years.
  • Medications ("treatment-as-usual") stable x2 weeks
  • Subjects must be able to assent to their participation in the study.
  • Subjects must agree to avoid taking supplemental taurine (e.g. from over-the-counter preparations, energy drinks, etc).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Co-morbid serious mental illness.
  • Significant medical or neurological illness, including: seizure disorders, severe respiratory illness or cardiac conditions, known cerebrovascular disease, hypo- or hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and immune, endocrine, renal or hepatic dysfunction (the study team does not wish to enroll any subjects at increased risk for complications or who require additional clinical monitoring due to their medical illness).
  • Pregnant subjects. It is not known what effects taurine supplementation would have on a fetus. In addition, women of childbearing potential who will not practice a medically accepted method of contraception will be excluded.
  • Patients who, in the investigator's judgment, pose a current serious suicidal or homicidal risk, or patients who will not likely be able to comply with the study protocol.
  • Patients who meet DSM-IV-TR criteria for current substance abuse or substance dependence.
  • Patients who are regularly taking supplemental taurine at the time of screening.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00391001

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
McLean Hospital
Belmont, Massachusetts, United States, 02478
Cambridge Health Alliance Child & Adolescent Neuropsychiatric Research Program
Medford, Massachusetts, United States, 02155
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cambridge Health Alliance
Stanley Medical Research Institute
Mclean Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jean Frazier, MD Cambridge Health Alliance
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Jean Frazier, MD, Cambridge Health Alliance
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00391001     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CHA-IRB-0131/09/05
Study First Received: October 19, 2006
Last Updated: February 2, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Cambridge Health Alliance:
mania
bipolar disorder
taurine
adolescents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bipolar Disorder
Affective Disorders, Psychotic
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 09, 2014