Adipose Tissue Involvement in Alcohol-induced Liver Inflammation in Human (RIHTA)
The histological characteristics of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) related to overweight and obesity suggest the presence of partly common physiopathological mechanisms. We reported that the ponderal overload was an independent risk factor of alcoholic cirrhosis. The adipose tissue was considered for a long time as a simple place of storage of fat. However, it is now recognized that the adipose tissue can secrete cytokines called ADIPOKINES.
The adipose tissue can secrete others cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL6, IL10 and IL1-Ra. Increase in the production of the leptin and TNF-alpha by the adipose tissue after alcohol administration in the rat, as well as the role of leptin in inflammation and liver fibrogenesis in the murine model of chemical hepatotoxicity strongly suggest that activation of adipocytes by alcohol can explain the strong correlation observed between the body mass index (BMI) and the severity of ethanol-induced liver injury. Conversely, it was suggested in a murine model that the reduction in adiponectin production would sensitize the liver with the toxicity of alcohol. The PPAR alpha and gamma are the receptors which play a role both in inflammation and glucide and lipid metabolism. Taking into account the inhibiting role of PPAR alpha on the proliferation of the hepatic stellate cells, responsible for the fibrosis, the PPAR could also be implied in the relation between the overweight and the hepatic fibrosis in the alcoholic.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Adipose Tissue Involvement in Alcohol-induced Liver Inflammation in Human : Study of Pro- and Anti-inflammatory Cytokines and ADIPOKINES..|
- Adipokines [ Time Frame: at the inclusion and after one week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To demonstrate that ADIPOKINES are implied in the intensity of the steatosis and in the regulation of the inflammatory process and the hepatic fibrogenesis in alcoholic liver disease.
- PPAR α et γ [ Time Frame: At the inclusion and after one week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]To demonstrate that the PPAR α et γ are implied in the intensity of the steatosis and in the regulation of the inflammatory process and the hepatic fibrogenesis in alcoholic liver disease.
|Study Start Date:||November 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Other: blood and biopsies
blood and biopsies
Other Name: blood and biopsies
The aim of this project is to demonstrate that ADIPOKINES, as well as the PPAR alpha and gamma are implied in the intensity of the steatosis and in the regulation of the inflammatory process and the hepatic fibrogenesis in alcoholic liver disease. In order to prove this hypothesis, we will study among patients having a ALD at various stages of histological severity: 1) the hepatic and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue expression of the PPAR alpha and PPAR gamma, 2) the hepatic and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue expression of the TNF alpha, the IL1Ra, the IL6 and the IL10, 3) the hepatic and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue expression of the ADIPOKINES (leptin, adiponectin, resistin), 4) the serum ADIPOKINES values, the cyanotic of the mRNA expression and of the serum ADIPOKINES values after 7 days of alcohol withdrawal 50 patients will be studied (25 having ALD without cirrhosis, with or without acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAH) and 25 having alcoholic cirrhosis with or without AAH). A part of liver biopsy will be frozen in a dry tube. The percutaneous adipose tissue will be obtained with a punction on the abdominal level at the time of inclusion of the patients having AAH and, for the second time, after 7 days of alcohol withdrawal, than will be frozen. The TNF alpha, the IL1Ra, the IL6, the IL10, the leptin, the adiponectin and the resistin expression as well as the hepatic and adipose tissue PPAR alpha and gamma will be evaluated by PCR in real time. The serum concentration of the ADIPOKINES (leptin, adiponectin, resistin) will be measured by ELISA or RIA.
If our hypothesis is true, severity of liver lesions (steatosis, AAH, fibrosis) could be positively correlated with the expression in the liver and the adipose tissue and / or the serum values of the anti-inflammatory cytokines and ADIPOKINES (TNF alpha, IL6, leptin, resistin) and negatively with the cytokines and ADIPOKINES which are potentially anti-inflammatory (IL1Ra, IL10, adiponectin). We also expect to find a negative correlation between the amount of hepatic and adipose tissue PPAR-alpha and PPAR-gamma mRNA and the severity of the liver disease.
|Hôpital Antoine Béclère|
|Clamart, France, 92140|
|Principal Investigator:||Gabriel PERLEMUTER, MD||Hôpital Antoine Béclère - Clamart - FRANCE|