A Phase I/II Trial of a Tetravalent Live Attenuated Dengue Vaccine in Flavivirus Antibody Naïve Children

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00384670
First received: October 4, 2006
Last updated: January 10, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

To assess the safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of two doses of the dengue vaccine in Flavi-virus antibody-naive children between 6 and 9 years of age.


Condition Intervention Phase
Dengue Fever
Biological: Dengue Vaccine Formulation 17
Biological: Licensed Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I/II Trial of a Tetravalent Live Attenuated Dengue Vaccine in Flavivirus Antibody Naïve Children

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Solicited Adverse Events Within 21 Days After the First Dose of Dengue Vaccine. [ Time Frame: 21 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of solicited general symptoms within the 21-day follow-up after dengue dose 1 (total vaccinated cohort).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Unsolicited Adverse Events Within 30 Days After Each Dose of Dengue Vaccine [ Time Frame: 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of subjects with unsolicited symptoms classified by MedDRA Primary System Organ Class and Preferred Term, within 30 days after dengue vaccine (total vaccinated cohort)

  • Number of Solicited Adverse Events for 21 Days (0-20) After the Second Dose of Dengue Vaccine [ Time Frame: 21 Days (0-20) After the Second Dose of Dengue Vaccine ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of solicited general symptoms within the 21-day follow-up of dengue dose 2 vaccine dose (total vaccinated cohort)

  • Percentage of Individuals With Neutralizing Antibody (Seroconversion) to Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and 4 Dengue Types, 30 Days After the Second Dose of JE Vaccine. [ Time Frame: 30 days after the second dose of JE vaccine ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of individuals with ≥ 10 dilution (DIL) for neutralizing (N) Ig to DEN-1, N Ig to DEN-2, N Ig to DEN-3, N Ig to DEN-4, and N Ig to Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine antibody titers.

  • Neutralizing Antibody (GMT) to JE and 4 Dengue Types, 30 Days After the Second Dose of JE Vaccine. [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 225 and Day 255 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Geometric mean titers (GMT) for neutralizing (N) Ig to DEN-1, N Ig to DEN-2, N Ig to DEN-3, N Ig to DEN-4, and N Ig to JE vaccine antibody titers.

  • Number of Solicited Symptoms 7 Days (0-6) After First Dose of Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine. [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 225 and Day 255 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of solicited general symptoms within the 7-day follow-up after the first dose of Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine doses (total vaccinated cohort)

  • Number of Solicited Symptoms 7 Days (0-6) After Second Dose of Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine. [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 225 and Day 255 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of solicited general symptoms within the 7-day follow-up after the second dose of Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine doses (total vaccinated cohort)


Enrollment: 7
Study Start Date: August 2003
Study Completion Date: May 2004
Primary Completion Date: May 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Dengue and Japanese Encephalitis vaccine
1 mL subcutaneous injection Dengue Vaccine Formulation 17 on Day 0 and Day 60. 0.5 mL subcutaneous injection Licensed Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine on months 7 and 7.5.
Biological: Dengue Vaccine Formulation 17
Tetravalent live attenuated DEN vaccine candidate. Containing dengue serotypes 1,2, and 3 vaccines produced at the Salk Institute and dengue serotype 4 produced at the WRAIR Pilot Bioproduction Facility. Dosage 1 mL administered via injection at Day 0 and Day 60.
Other Name: F17
Biological: Licensed Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine
Produced by the Thailand GPO using a Beijing strain of JE in liquid form; dosed at 0.5 mL ot 7 and 7.5 months.
Other Name: JE

Detailed Description:

This study was a Phase I/II, open-label trial with one treatment group; 7, healthy, flavivirus naïve children between the ages of 6 and 7 years residing in Bangkok, Thailand. Seronegative status was determined by measuring neutralizing (N) antibody titers to dengue 1-4 and JE virus (JE) using hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) (1st) and PRNT (2nd) assays. Titers <10 and <10, respectively, were considered negative. Enrolled children received two doses of tetravalent dengue vaccine at study months 0 and 6, and two doses of JE vaccine (study benefit) at study months 7 and 7.5. Enrolled children attended 20 study visits, received 4 injections, and 7 venipunctures (one additional blood sample for screening). In the acute period (1 month) following vaccination, safety was assessed using symptom diary cards and clinical and laboratory evaluations. Viremia was measured 10 days post dengue vaccination. Solicited and unsolicited adverse events were assessed for 30 days following each dengue vaccination. Serious adverse events were assessed throughout the study period. In the case of illness, investigators would complete additional clinical and virologic evaluations. Dengue vaccine immunogenicity was assessed 30 days following each dengue vaccination using the PRNT50 assay. The According to Protocol (ATP) cohort was determined by evaluating the occurrence of intermittent natural dengue infection using ELISA IgM/IgG titer ratios. A long-term follow-up of dengue vaccine recipients is described in a separate protocol (Dengue-005 protocol).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 10 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A male or female child six to nine years of age (greater than or equal to 6 years of age and less than 10 years of age) at the time of the first vaccination.
  • Free of obvious health problems as established by medical history and physical examination before entering into the study.
  • Seronegative by HAI and screening PRNT for antibodies to dengue types 1-4 and Japanese Encephalitis (JE) virus
  • Written informed consents by the parent of the subject for screening and enrollment into the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic administration (defined as more than 14 days) of immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within six months prior to the first vaccine dose or planned administration during the study (For corticosteroids, this will mean prednisone, or equivalent, greater than or equal to 0.5 mg/kg/day. Inhaled and topical steroids are allowed.)
  • Use of any investigational or non-registered drug or vaccine other than the protocol-specified vaccines within 30 days preceding the administration of the first dengue vaccine dose or planned use during the study period.
  • Planned administration of a vaccine not foreseen by the study protocol and within 30 days prior or after any dengue/JE vaccine administration.
  • Any current medical condition determined to be serious by the investigator (e.g. seizures)
  • History of chronic headaches or a first order family member (parent or sibling) with a history of chronic headaches
  • Abnormal clinical laboratory screening test result (based on normal values set by the laboratory) that is deemed clinically significant by the investigator or Medical Monitor (including seropositivity for HBsAg or anti-HCV)
  • Previous vaccination against yellow fever virus, JEV, or tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBE) or existence of any flavivirus antibody
  • Any suspected or confirmed immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Family history of a congenital or hereditary immunodeficiency
  • Acute illness at time of enrollment (defined as the presence of a moderate or severe illness with or without fever). All vaccines can be administered to persons with a minor illness such as diarrhea or mild upper respiratory infection without fever, i.e., oral temperature <37.5°C.
  • Administration of immunoglobulins and/or blood products within 6 months prior to study entry or planned administration during the study period
  • History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccines (including neomycin, streptomycin, gentamicin, amikacin, tobramycin, kanamycin and bacitracin; allergy to dogs or monkeys or hypersensitivity to proteins of rodent or neural origin or to thimerosal, allergy to porcine gelatin)
  • Child whose parent has no easy access to a fixed or mobile telephone
  • Plans to move from Bangkok during the first 8.5 months after initial vaccination
  • Parental illiteracy.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00384670

Locations
Thailand
Department of Pediatrics, Pharamongkutklao Hospital
Bangkok, Thailand, 10400
Sponsors and Collaborators
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Principal Investigator: MAJ Stephen J Thomas, MD Department of Virology USAMC-AFRIMS
Principal Investigator: Sriluck Simasathien, MD Phramongkutklao College of Medicine and Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided by U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00384670     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: WRAIR 1048, HSRRB#A-12189, GSK Dengue-003
Study First Received: October 4, 2006
Results First Received: May 23, 2012
Last Updated: January 10, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command:
dengue
vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dengue
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
Arbovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014