Dose-Escalating Trial Using Vero Cell-culture Derived H5N1 +/- Aluminum in Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00382980
First received: September 28, 2006
Last updated: August 26, 2010
Last verified: September 2008
  Purpose

The purpose of this research study is to compare how the body reacts to different strengths of an experimental cell culture-grown whole virus A/H5N1 flu vaccine when given with or without the addition of aluminum hydroxide adjuvant. Researchers will also look at how much antibody is made to the influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) after subjects receive the H5N1 vaccine. Three hundred healthy adults aged 18-40 years will participate for approximately 9 months, which includes screening. Participants will receive 2 doses of vaccine or placebo injected 28 days apart. Participants will have blood samples taken up to 7 times and have 8 scheduled study visits.


Condition Intervention Phase
Influenza
Biological: Aluminum hydroxide
Biological: Inactivated Vero cell based whole virus influenza A/H5N1
Drug: Placebo
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Dose-Ranging Clinical Trial of the Safety, Reactogenicity, and Immunogenicity of Intramuscular Immunization With Inactivated, Vero Cell-Culture Derived Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine Given Alone or With Aluminum Hydroxide to Healthy Young Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Adverse event (AE) or serious adverse event (SAE) information (solicited in the clinic and via memory aids, concomitant medications, periodic targeted physical assessment, and laboratory safety evaluations for a subset of subjects. [ Time Frame: Duration of study. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Proportion of subjects in each dose group achieving a serum neutralizing antibody titer of greater than or equal to 40 against the influenza A/H5N1 virus. [ Time Frame: 28 days after receipt of the 2nd dose of vaccine, approximately Day 56. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of subjects in each dose group achieving a serum hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) antibody titer of greater than or equal to 40 against the influenza A/H5N1 virus. [ Time Frame: 28 days after receipt of the 2nd dose of vaccine, approximately Day 56. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Geometric mean titer (GMT) and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in neutralizing antibody titers in each group. [ Time Frame: 28 days after receipt of the 2nd dose of vaccine, approximately Day 56. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Geometric mean titer (GMT) and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in serum HAI antibody titers in each group. [ Time Frame: 28 days after receipt of the 2nd dose of vaccine, approximately Day 56. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • GMT and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in neutralizing antibody titers in each group. [ Time Frame: 1 month and 7 months after receipt of the 1st dose of vaccine. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • GMT and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in serum HAI antibody titers in each group. [ Time Frame: 1 month and 7 months after receipt of the 1st dose of vaccine. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 308
Study Start Date: October 2006
Study Completion Date: September 2007
Primary Completion Date: September 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 7.5-
7.5 mcg of vaccine without adjuvant administered on Days 0 and 28.
Biological: Inactivated Vero cell based whole virus influenza A/H5N1
Inactivated Vero cell-grown, whole virus, influenza A/H5N1 vaccine at dosages 7.5 mcg and 15 mcg of hemagglutinin (HA) per 0.5 mL, each dosage with and without aluminum hydroxide adjuvant; 45 mcg HA/0.5 mL without adjuvant.
Experimental: 45-
45 mcg of vaccine without adjuvant administered on Days 0 and 28.
Biological: Inactivated Vero cell based whole virus influenza A/H5N1
Inactivated Vero cell-grown, whole virus, influenza A/H5N1 vaccine at dosages 7.5 mcg and 15 mcg of hemagglutinin (HA) per 0.5 mL, each dosage with and without aluminum hydroxide adjuvant; 45 mcg HA/0.5 mL without adjuvant.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo administered on Days 0 and 28.
Drug: Placebo
Saline injected into the deltoid muscle. 2 identical dosages will be given approximately 28 days apart.
Experimental: 15+
15 mcg of vaccine with aluminum hydroxide adjuvant administered on Days 0 and 28.
Biological: Aluminum hydroxide
Adjuvant administered with A/H5N1 vaccine dosages 7.5 mcg and 15 mcg.
Biological: Inactivated Vero cell based whole virus influenza A/H5N1
Inactivated Vero cell-grown, whole virus, influenza A/H5N1 vaccine at dosages 7.5 mcg and 15 mcg of hemagglutinin (HA) per 0.5 mL, each dosage with and without aluminum hydroxide adjuvant; 45 mcg HA/0.5 mL without adjuvant.
Experimental: 7.5+
7.5 mcg of vaccine with aluminum hydroxide adjuvant administered on Days 0 and 28.
Biological: Aluminum hydroxide
Adjuvant administered with A/H5N1 vaccine dosages 7.5 mcg and 15 mcg.
Biological: Inactivated Vero cell based whole virus influenza A/H5N1
Inactivated Vero cell-grown, whole virus, influenza A/H5N1 vaccine at dosages 7.5 mcg and 15 mcg of hemagglutinin (HA) per 0.5 mL, each dosage with and without aluminum hydroxide adjuvant; 45 mcg HA/0.5 mL without adjuvant.
Experimental: 15-
15 mcg of vaccine without adjuvant administered on Days 0 and 28.
Biological: Inactivated Vero cell based whole virus influenza A/H5N1
Inactivated Vero cell-grown, whole virus, influenza A/H5N1 vaccine at dosages 7.5 mcg and 15 mcg of hemagglutinin (HA) per 0.5 mL, each dosage with and without aluminum hydroxide adjuvant; 45 mcg HA/0.5 mL without adjuvant.

Detailed Description:

This is a phase I, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging clinical trial of the safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity of intramuscular immunization with inactivated, Vero cell-culture derived influenza A/H5N1 vaccine given alone or with aluminum hydroxide to healthy young adults. The primary objectives are to determine the dose-related safety of an inactivated, cell-culture grown whole virus influenza A/H5N1 vaccine with or without aluminum hydroxide adjuvant in healthy adults; to determine the potential for aluminum hydroxide to enhance the immune response to inactivated whole virus H5N1 vaccine in healthy adults approximately 1 month following receipt of 2 doses of vaccine; and to provide information for the selection of the best dosage level for further studies. The secondary objective is to evaluate dose-related immunogenicity and the percent of subjects responding approximately 1 and 7 months after the first vaccination. The primary endpoints are adverse event (AE) or serious adverse event (SAE) information (solicited in the clinic and via memory aids, concomitant medications, periodic targeted physical assessment, and laboratory safety evaluations in a subset of subjects); proportion of subjects in each dose group achieving a serum neutralizing antibody titer of greater than or equal to 40 against the influenza A/H5N1 virus 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine (approximately Day 56); proportion of subjects in each dose group achieving a serum hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) antibody titer of greater than or equal to 40 against the influenza A/H5N1 virus 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine (approximately Day 56); geometric mean titer (GMT) and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in neutralizing antibody titers in each group 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine; and GMT and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in serum HAI antibody titers in each group 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine (approximately Day 56). The secondary endpoints are GMT and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in neutralizing antibody titers in each group 1 month and 7 months after receipt of the first dose of vaccine; and GMT and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in serum HAI antibody titers in each group 1 month and 7 months after receipt of the first dose of vaccine. Approximately 300 healthy adults, 18-40 years old inclusive, will be enrolled at up to 5 sites in the United States for up to 9 months, including the screening period. Two doses of vaccine or placebo will be injected into the deltoid muscle approximately 28 days apart. The study will be conducted in 2 stages. During Stage 1, 90 subjects will be randomized to receive saline placebo or 7.5 micrograms (with or without aluminum hydroxide), 15 micrograms (with or without aluminum hydroxide), or 45 micrograms (without aluminum hydroxide) (6 groups; N=15 per group). Blood for safety evaluations will be obtained from all subjects in the Stage 1 cohort at screening, and before and 1 week after each vaccination. Subjects in Stage 1 will receive their second vaccinations following review of available clinical and laboratory safety data by the Safety Monitoring Committee (SMC). If no dose-limiting toxicity or safety-related issues are noted during the week after administration of the first dose of vaccine during Stage 1 (based on review of clinical and laboratory safety data by the SMC), then Stage 1 subjects will receive a second vaccination. A complete Stage 1 safety report will be reviewed by the SMC prior to the enrollment of the 210 additional subjects in Stage 2 (N=50 per formulation group total). Sera for immune assessment of antigen-specific immune responses will be collected from all subjects at baseline (Day 0), 1 month after each vaccine dose, and 6 months after the second vaccine dose. This study is linked to DMID protocol 07-0022.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Stage 1 Cohort

  • Healthy males and females aged 18 to 40 years, inclusive;
  • Females of childbearing potential must agree to practice adequate contraception for the duration of the study (not surgically sterile or Aftermenopausal for at least 1 year);
  • Good health as determined by screening medical history and physical examination;
  • On no medications with the exception of licensed hormonal contraceptives and vitamins;
  • Willingness to comply with study procedures;
  • Ability to provide informed consent;
  • Availability for follow-up for 6 months after second vaccination;
  • Normal screening laboratory values for total WBC, platelet count, hemoglobin, creatinine, and alanine aminotransferase (Stage 1 only).

Stage 2 Cohort

  • Healthy males and non-pregnant females aged 18 to 40 years, inclusive.
  • Females of childbearing potential must agree to practice adequate contraception for the duration of the study.
  • Good health as determined by screening medical history and physical examination.
  • Willingness to comply with study procedures.
  • Ability to provide informed consent.
  • Availability for follow-up for 6 months after second vaccination.

Exclusion Criteria:

Stage 1 Cohort

  • Have a positive urine or serum pregnancy test in the 24 hours prior to vaccination (if female of childbearing potential) or are women who are breastfeeding.
  • Have immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment, or use of anticancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy within the preceding 36 months.
  • Have an active neoplastic disease or a history of any hematologic malignancy.
  • Have long-term use of oral steroids, parenteral steroids, or high-dose inhaled steroids (>800 mcg/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) within the preceding 6 months. (Nasal and topical steroids are allowed.)
  • Have a diagnosis of schizophrenia, Bi-polar disease or other major psychiatric diagnosis.
  • Have been hospitalized for psychiatric illness, history of suicide attempt or confinement for danger to self or others.
  • Have a history of receiving immunoglobulin or other blood product within the 3 months prior to vaccination in this study.
  • Have received any other licensed vaccines within 2 weeks (for inactivated vaccines) or 4 weeks (for live vaccines) prior to vaccination in this study.
  • Have an acute or chronic medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would render vaccination unsafe or would interfere with the evaluation of responses (This includes, but is not limited to, known chronic liver disease, significant renal disease, unstable or progressive neurological disorders, diabetes mellitus, and transplant recipients.)
  • Have a history of severe reactions following immunization with contemporary influenza virus vaccines.
  • Have an acute illness, including an oral temperature greater than 100.4 degrees F, within 1 week of vaccination.
  • Received an experimental agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication) within 1 month prior to vaccination in this study or expect to receive an experimental agent during the 7-month study period.
  • Have any condition that would, in the opinion of the site investigator, place them at an unacceptable risk of injury or render them unable to meet the requirements of the protocol.
  • Participated in an influenza A/H5 vaccine study in the past in a group receiving vaccine (but does not exclude documented placebo recipients).
  • Have a known active human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection.
  • Have a history of alcohol or drug abuse in the last 5 years.
  • Have a history of Guillain Barre Syndrome.
  • Have any condition that the investigator believes may interfere with successful completion of the study.

Stage 2 Cohort

  • Have a positive urine or serum pregnancy test prior to vaccination (if female of childbearing potential) or are women who are breastfeeding.
  • Have immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment, or use of anticancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy within the preceding 36 months.
  • Have an active neoplastic disease or a history of any hematologic malignancy. Have long-term use of oral steroids, parenteral steroids, or high-dose inhaled steroids (>800 mcg/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) within the preceding 6 months (Nasal and topical steroids are allowed.)
  • Have a diagnosis of schizophrenia, Bi-polar disease or other major psychiatric diagnosis.
  • Have been hospitalized for psychiatric illness, history of suicide attempt or confinement for danger to self or others.
  • Are receiving psychiatric drugs*. Subjects who are receiving a single antidepressant drug and stable for at least 3 months prior to enrollment, without de-compensating symptoms will be allowed to be enrolled in the study.

    • aripiprazole, clozapine, ziprasidone, haloperidol, molindone, loxapine, thioridazine, molindone, thiothixene, pimozide, fluphenazine, fluphenazine, risperidone, mesoridazine, quetiapine, trifluoperazine, chlorprothixene, chlorpromazine, perphenazine, trifluopromazine, olanzapine, carbamazepine, divalproex sodium, lithium carbonate or lithium citrate.
  • Have a history of receiving immunoglobulin or other blood product within the 3 months prior to vaccination in this study.
  • Have received any other licensed vaccines within 2 weeks (for inactivated vaccines) or 4 weeks (for live vaccines) prior to vaccination in this study.
  • Have an acute or chronic medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would render vaccination unsafe or would interfere with the evaluation of responses (This includes, but is not limited to, known chronic liver disease, significant renal disease, unstable or progressive neurological disorders, diabetes mellitus, and transplant recipients.)
  • Have a history of severe reactions following immunization with contemporary influenza virus vaccines.
  • Have an acute illness, including an oral temperature greater than 100.4 degrees F, within 1 week of vaccination.
  • Received an experimental agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication) within 1 month prior to vaccination in this study or expect to receive an experimental agent during the 7-month study period.
  • Have any condition that would, in the opinion of the site investigator, place them at an unacceptable risk of injury or render them unable to meet the requirements of the protocol.
  • Participated in an influenza A/H5 vaccine study in the past in a group receiving vaccine (but does not exclude documented placebo recipients).
  • Have a known active human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection.
  • Have a history of alcohol or drug abuse in the last 5 years.
  • Have a history of Guillain Barre Syndrome.
  • Have any condition that the investigator believes may interfere with successful completion of the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00382980

Locations
United States, California
Stanford University
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
UCLA Center For Vaccine Research
Torrance, California, United States, 90502
United States, Maryland
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
United States, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

No publications provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Robert Johnson, HHS/NIAID/DMID
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00382980     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-0052
Study First Received: September 28, 2006
Last Updated: August 26, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board
United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
influenza, vaccine, A/H5N1, aluminum hydroxide, Vero cell

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Aluminum Hydroxide
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Antacids
Immunologic Factors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014