Fish Oil and Asthma in House Dust Mite Allergy
Native populations consuming high amounts of fish suffer less from allergic diseases. The purpose of this study is to determine whether polyunsaturated fatty acids (fish oil) might have a disease modifying influence on asthmatics sensitized to house dust mite.
House Dust Mite Allergy
Drug: polyunsatturated fatty acids (fish oil)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Allergic Asthma After Allergen Challenge|
- lung function, symptom score,exhalative nitric oxide, metacholine testing
- sulfoleucotriens, eosinophilic cationic protein, sputum eosinophils, safety lab parameters (clinical chemistry, hematology, hemostasis)
|Study Start Date:||April 2004|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||November 2004|
Most asthmatics suffer from mild disease and non pharmacologic intervention would be beneficial for the majority of these subjects. We investigated the anti-inflammatory potential of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in allergic asthma.
In our parallel, double-blinded study, 23 patients allergic to house dust mite were randomly assigned to dietary supplementation with a PUFA enriched fat blend or placebo for five weeks. The verum contained eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) 450 mg/day, docosahexaenoic acid 180 mg/day, stearidonic acid 60mg/day, and gamma-linolenic acid 60 mg/day; the placebo consisted of mainly unsaturated and monosaturated fatty acids. After three weeks, the patients were challenged with low doses of inhalative house dust mite allergen for two weeks.
Following parameters were determined during low-dose allergen exposure in both groups: exhaled NO (eNO) as a marker of bronchial inflammation, clinical symptoms, FEV1, beta-agonist usage, and bronchial hyperreactivity, sputum eosinophils and sulfoleucotrienes. Compliance with the study protocol was controlled by the determination of PUFAs in plasma and erythrocytes.