Lapatinib and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Recurrent or Chemotherapy-Refractory Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00379509
First received: September 20, 2006
Last updated: February 15, 2013
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Lapatinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving lapatinib together with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of lapatinib when given together with radiation therapy in treating patients with locally recurrent or chemotherapy-refractory locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: lapatinib ditosylate
Genetic: TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay
Genetic: gene expression analysis
Genetic: microarray analysis
Other: immunohistochemistry staining method
Procedure: biopsy
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Radiosensitization Study of GW572016 With Biologic Correlates in Locoregionally Recurrent Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicity as assessed by NCI CTCAE v3.0 [ Time Frame: 4-5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Inhibition of receptor and downstream signal transduction pathway activation in tumor tissue as assessed by IHC [ Time Frame: 4-5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy [ Time Frame: 4-5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Correlation of response with inhibition of downstream signaling [ Time Frame: 4-5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Gene expression [ Time Frame: 4-5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: April 2006
Study Completion Date: August 2012
Primary Completion Date: June 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: GW572016 Drug: lapatinib ditosylate
Patients will be assigned in cohorts of 3. Dose levels of GW572106 will include 500mg, 1000mg,1500 mg (additional levels at 750 mg and 1250 mg will be added if needed). Lapatinib is an oral drug. It is taken every day.
Genetic: TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay
Genetic analysis of tumor tissue
Genetic: gene expression analysis
Genetic analysis of tumor tissue.
Genetic: microarray analysis
Genetic analysis of tumor tissue.
Other: immunohistochemistry staining method
Laboratory analysis of tumor tissue.
Procedure: biopsy
Serial biopsies by skin punch or core biopsy or fine needle aspiration.
Radiation: radiation therapy
Radiotherapy will be delivered at standard dose and fractionation. For patients who have not received previous locoregional radiotherapy, 50-56 Gy will be delivered to the regional lymph nodes and/or chest wall at a dose of 2 Gy per fraction, 5 days per week followed by a boost to the sites of gross involvement to a total dose of 60-70 Gy over a course of 6-7 weeks. For patients who have received adjuvant radiotherapy, a dose of 35-45 Gy will be delivered to sites of chest wall involvement at a dose of 1.8 Gy per fraction over 4-5 weeks. In either de novo or reirradiated settings, the total dose to the brachial plexus will not exceed 60 Gy.

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the toxicity of lapatinib ditosylate and radiotherapy in patients with locally recurrent breast cancer or chemotherapy-refractory, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
  • Determine the impact of this drug on inhibition of receptor and downstream signal transduction pathway activation in tumor tissue, in the context of inhibitor dose escalation with or without radiotherapy.

Secondary

  • Determine, preliminarily, the efficacy of lapatinib ditosylate and radiotherapy in these patients.
  • Correlate response in these patients with inhibition of downstream signaling.
  • Assess gene expression changes in tumor biopsy samples from patients treated with lapatinib ditosylate alone or in combination with radiotherapy.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, parallel group, dose-escalation study of lapatinib ditosylate. Patients are stratified according to prior radiotherapy (yes vs no).

  • Group I (prior radiotherapy): Patients receive oral lapatinib ditosylate once daily in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning on day 8 of lapatinib ditosylate therapy, patients undergo concurrent radiotherapy 5 days a week for up to 5 weeks.
  • Group II (no prior radiotherapy): Patients receive oral lapatinib ditosylate as in group I. Beginning on day 8, patients undergo concurrent radiotherapy 5 days a week for up to 7 weeks.

In each group, cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of lapatinib ditosylate until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity during the first course.

Patients undergo skin punch or core biopsy at baseline* and on day 8 and day 15. Tumor biopsy samples are examined by IHC for evaluation of EGFR, phospho-EGFR, HER2, phospho-HER2, phospho-Akt, and phospho-MAPK. Samples are also examined for cell proliferation by Ki-67, apoptosis by TUNEL, and angiogenesis by microvessel density. Additionally, mRNA is extracted from fresh frozen samples and examined by microarray analysis.

NOTE: *Archival tissue acceptable for baseline sample, if available

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of breast cancer meeting 1 of the following criteria:

    • Locally recurrent disease
    • Locally advanced disease AND meets the following criterion:

      • Chemotherapy-refractory disease (achieved < partial response to ≥ 3 courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy)
    • Metastatic disease
  • Evaluable disease by exam and/or imaging studies

    • Amenable to serial biopsies by skin punch, core biopsy, or fine-needle aspiration
  • Unresectable disease after standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy

    • Resectability must be determined by a surgical oncologist prior to treatment
  • Stable CNS metastases allowed
  • Hormone receptor status not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Male or female
  • Menopausal status not specified
  • Life expectancy > 12 weeks
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication
  • WBC ≥ 3,000/mm³
  • ANC ≥ 1,500/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Total bilirubin normal
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine normal OR creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  • Cardiac ejection fraction normal by ECHO or MUGA
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years
  • No concurrent disease or condition that would preclude study participation
  • No ongoing coagulopathy
  • No active severe infection

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior therapy
  • At least 3 weeks since prior and no other concurrent systemic therapy for breast cancer
  • At least 14 days since prior and no concurrent herbal or alternative medicine
  • At least 14 days since prior and no concurrent dietary supplement
  • At least 14 days since prior CYP3A4 inducers
  • At least 7 days since prior CYP3A4 inhibitors
  • No antacid within 1 hour before or after study drug administration
  • Concurrent bisphosphonate allowed
  • No concurrent oral glucocorticosteroid > 1.5 mg of dexamethasone (or equivalent)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00379509

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7295
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Elizabeth C. Dees, MD UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00379509     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LCCC 0411, P30CA016086, UNC-LCCC-0411
Study First Received: September 20, 2006
Last Updated: February 15, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:
recurrent breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
stage IIIC breast cancer
stage IV breast cancer
male breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Lapatinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014