Safety and Efficacy of Divalproex and Quetiapine in Elderly Alzheimer's Dementia Patients

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Abbott
Information provided by:
University of Cincinnati
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00375557
First received: September 11, 2006
Last updated: December 5, 2007
Last verified: December 2007
  Purpose

The primary aim is to determine whether Divalproex ER or one of the atypical antipsychotics is more effective improving dementia related behavioral symptoms in patients with dementia, and evaluate the impact of such improvements on other clinical domains, such as quality of life, functional status.


Condition Intervention Phase
Alzheimer's Disease
Dementia
Behavioral Symptoms
Drug: Divalproex ER
Drug: Quetiapine
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label, Randomized, Flexible Dose, 6-Week Clinical Trial of the Safety and Efficacy of Divalproex ER vs Quetiapine in the Treatment of Behavioral Symptoms in the Elderly With Moderate to Severe Alzheimer's Dementia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Cincinnati:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The change from the Baseline to the End of the Study/Early Termination visit in the CMAI & Quality of life scale scores. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: October 2006
Study Completion Date: September 2007
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
Quetiapine
Drug: Quetiapine
Quetiapine will be initiated in 25 mg/day, with a variable dosing frequency (QD-TID). The daily dose of Quetiapine will be titrated up by 25-50 mg each day based on patients' response and tolerability, not to exceed a maximum of 750 mg/day.
Other Name: Seroquel
Active Comparator: 2
Divalproex ER
Drug: Divalproex ER
Divalproex ER will be initiated on 250 mg/day, dosed once daily. The daily dose of Divalproex ER will be titrated up 250 mg each day based on patients' response and tolerability, not to exceed a maximum of 2000 mg/day.
Other Name: Depakote ER

Detailed Description:

This clinical trial will be open label, flexible dose study of Divalproex ER vs Quetiapine for 6 weeks. Patients will be randomized to Divalproex ER vs Quetiapine outpatient / inpatient. The schedule of visits will include a screening, a baseline and 3 treatment visits / assessment. The End of Study/Early Termination visit will conclude the Trial. The safety follow-up visit will be scheduled only for the patients with unresolved Adverse Events detected prior or at the End of Study/Early Termination visit.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   55 Years to 85 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients, men and women =/> 55 years of age.
  2. Inpatient / Outpatients with diagnosis of Moderate to Severe probable Alzheimer's dementia as determined by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV.
  3. Patients with a Mini Mental Status Examination scores between 3-15 at screening.
  4. Patients and Care Giver/ Legal representative or Guardian who are able to comprehend and satisfactorily comply with protocol requirements.
  5. Patient, Care Giver/ Legal representative or Guardian who signed the written informed consent given prior to entering any study procedure.
  6. Patients who have been at least three month ongoing stable dose of cholinesterase enzyme inhibitors or memantine.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with a concurrent DSM-IV Axis I diagnosis in any of the following categories:

    1.1. Delirium, Amnestic and other Cognitive disorders 1.2. Lifetime Schizophrenia and other Psychotic Disorders 1.3. Lifetime Bipolar I Disorder 1.4. Bipolar 11 Disorder with an episode of hypomania within the last year 1.5. Alcohol or Substance Dependence or Abuse (excluding nicotine) in one month prior to the Screening Visit

  2. Patients with a history of intolerance or hypersensitivity to Divalproex ER & Quetiapine.
  3. Patients who have a history of seizures.
  4. Patients who based on history or mental status examination have a significant risk of committing suicide.
  5. Patients who are homicidal or violent and who are in the Investigator's opinion in significant imminent risk of hurting others.
  6. Patients who have been treated with depot-neuroleptic within 3 months prior to the Baseline Visit.
  7. Patients with a positive urine drug screen, unless proven to be prescribed for a short-term course of treatment. In these situations a urine drug screen must be repeated at least 7 days after the last dose of the prescription medication containing narcotics.
  8. Patients who have participated in any clinical trial within one month prior to the Screening Visit, or in a clinical trial involving a psychotropic medication within the 3 months prior to the Screening Visit.
  9. Patients who have a medical condition that, in the Investigator's opinion, would expose them to an increased risk of a significant adverse event or interfere with assessments of safety and efficacy during the course of the trial.
  10. Patients with any current malignancy, or any clinically significant hematological, endocrine, cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal or neurological disease (including any form of epilepsy). If there is a history of such disease but the condition has been stable for at least the past year and is judged by the investigator not to interfere with the patient's participation in the study, the patient may be included.
  11. Patients with systolic blood pressure greater than 180 mm Hg or less than 90 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure greater than 105 mm Hg or less than 50 mm Hg at the Screening visit.
  12. Patients who test positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen or Hepatitis C antibody.
  13. Patients whose laboratory values at the Screening visit will be 1.5 times greater than ULN.
  14. Patients requiring concomitant treatment with any psychotropic drug (except zolpidem for sleep no more than 3x/week prn).
  15. Patients who require concomitant therapy with any prohibited prescription.
  16. Patients who are unable to speak, read, and understand English or are judged by the investigator to be unable or unlikely to follow the study protocol and complete all scheduled visits.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00375557

Locations
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati VA Hospital
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45220
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Cincinnati
Abbott
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Muhammad Aslam, MD University of Cincinnati/ VA Medical Center
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Muhammad Aslam, MD, University of Cincinnati
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00375557     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-08-25-06
Study First Received: September 11, 2006
Last Updated: December 5, 2007
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alzheimer Disease
Behavioral Symptoms
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Valproic Acid
Quetiapine
Anticonvulsants
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
GABA Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimanic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Antipsychotic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014