Antibody Secreting Cell and Cyotokine Profiles in Neonates on ECMO
Infants are placed on ECMO for correction of reversible respiratory failure. Often, because a few of the reasons for respiratory failure show us similar things in the baby, it is difficult to determine exactly which is causing the biggest problem. We are now capable of measuring certain cells and proteins in these infants that may help us more accurately diagnose the exact problem. We hypothesize that infants placed on ECMO will show unique antibody-secreting cells responses and patterns of cytokine and chemokine (protein) response to illness and to the ECMO circuit. If we find unique patterns to these cells or proteins, they may be able to predict outcomes or guide treatment of these infants.
Persistent Fetal Circulation Syndrome
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Antibody Secreting Cell (ASC) and Immunoactive Protein Profiles in Neonates on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO)|
Plasma and whole blood
|Study Start Date:||September 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2007|
Specific Aims Primary Objective
1. Determine the rise, peak, and fall of immunoglobulin isotype-specific ASC's, and immunoactive proteins (cytokines and chemokines) from sequential samples of peripheral blood from infants on ECMO.
- Determine the most appropriate time to sample blood from infants with suspected sepsis for ASC diagnostic assay.
- Characterize the incidence of culture-negative sepsis that leads to ECMO.
- Determine immunoglobulin isotype-specific levels of ASC in infants with and without infection.
- Establish an archive of mononuclear cells and plasma to use in development of pathogen specific ASC assays.
Hypothesis Infants on ECMO will have a high ASC response and unique cytokine/chemokine patterns due to possible underlying infection and exposure to many foreign antigens (blood products, ECMO circuit). A significant portion of these will have ASC's with specificity for common causes of neonatal sepsis that is not detected by routine blood culture.
Residual samples will be collected from those used in routine procedures for infants on ECMO. The approximate volume/sample will be 0.5-0.8ml. Specimens will be processed using methods well established in our laboratory. Briefly, PBMC's will be isolated via Ficoll gradient and archived in liquid nitrogen at -80C. Batch analysis of ASC levels and lymphocyte proliferation activity will be performed when sufficient number of specimens are accumulated. A detailed profile and quantification of immune cells will be determined by Fluorescent Activated Cell Sorter (FACS) staining for CD3, CD4, CD8, CD27, CD38, CD45, and HLA-DR. A bead micro-array will be used to detect levels of immunoactive molecules, also done on the FACS. The proteins detected will include, but may not be limited to, the following: IL1β, IL2, IL4, IL5, IL6, IL7, IL8, IL10, IL12p70, IL13, IL17, GCSF, GMCSF, IFN-γ, MCP-1, MIP-1β, TNFα. The ASC procedure be that established by Van de Verg modified to use membrane surface microculture plates in place of agar with outcomes read by CTL analyzer in place of manual count. LPA assays will use long established techniques.
|United States, Texas|
|Memorial Hermann Hospital|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||James M Murpy, PhD||University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston- Division of Infectious Diseases|