Intravenous And Oral Casopitant (GW679769) For The Prevention Of Chemotherapy Induced Nausea And Vomiting

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00366834
First received: August 17, 2006
Last updated: September 6, 2012
Last verified: June 2012
  Purpose

This is a Phase III trial designed to demonstrate that casopitant (GW679769) plus dexamethasone and ondansetron is more effective in the prevention of vomiting than dexamethasone and ondansetron alone following the administration of moderately emetogenic chemotherapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Vomiting
Nausea
Nausea and Vomiting, Chemotherapy-Induced
Drug: Casopitant (GW679769) oral tablets
Drug: Casopitant (GW679769) intravenous
Drug: Dexamethasone intravenous
Drug: Ondansetron oral tablets
Drug: placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Active Controlled, Parallel Group Study of the Safety and Efficacy of the Intravenous and Oral Formulations of the Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonist Casopitant (GW679769) in Combination With Ondansetron and Dexamethasone for the Prevention of Nausea

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Complete response as assessed by a visual analogue scale and a subject diary over the 120 hours following the first cycle of chemotherapy. [ Time Frame: 120 Hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Complete response over 120 hours following subsequent chemotherapy cycles Use of rescue medication over 120 hours following all chemotherapy cycles Impact on daily life activities over 120 hours, assessed using a subject diary questionnaire [ Time Frame: 120 Hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The proportion of subjects who achieve a complete response during the acute (0-24 hours) and the delayed (24-120 hours) phase following the first cycle of MEC. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The proportion of subjects who achieve a complete response over the first 120 hours, during the acute (0-24 hours), the delayed (24-120 hours), and the overall (0-120 hours) phase following subsequent cycles of MEC. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Maximum nausea score (to assess the severity of nausea), as assessed by a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) over the first 120 hours and in the acute and delayed phases following each cycle of MEC. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to first antiemetic rescue medication, defined as the time elapsed from the start of administration of the MEC regimen to the first use of antiemetic rescue medication. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • If a subject withdraws prematurely during the first 120 hours, then the time of withdrawal will be considered to be their time to first use of antiemetic rescue medication, and will be censored. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to first emetic event, defined as the time elapsed from the start of administration of the MEC regimen to the first emetic episode. If a subject withdraws prematurely during the first 120 hours, [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • then the time of withdrawal will be considered to be their time to first emetic episode, and will be censored. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The proportion of subjects who receive rescue medication. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The proportion of subjects reporting significant nausea defined as a maximum nausea score greater than or equal to 25 mm on the VAS. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The proportion of subjects reporting nausea defined as a maximum nausea score greater than or equal to 5 mm on the VAS. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The proportion of subjects achieving complete protection, defined as complete responders who had no significant nausea. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The impact on subjects' daily life activities for the first 120 hours following the first cycle of chemotherapy as assessed by the FLIE questionnaire. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Subject satisfaction with the prophylactic antiemetic regimens, and the willingness of subjects to use the same treatment during future chemotherapy, as assessed by the Subject Satisfaction\Willingness Assessment in the Subject Diary. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Nausea as assessed by a categorical scale, over the first 120 hours following MEC administration. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Assessment of the safety and tolerability of casopitant through: routine physical exam, routine clinical laboratory tests, clinical monitoring and adverse events reporting. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The proportion of subjects who vomit/retch. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The proportion of subjects achieving total control, defined as complete responders who had no nausea. [ Time Frame: approx. 18 mos ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 1840
Study Start Date: July 2006
Study Completion Date: October 2009
Primary Completion Date: October 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Control
ondansetron 8 mg oral twice daily on Day 1-3 and dexamethasone 8 mg IV on Day 1 + placebo
Drug: Dexamethasone intravenous Drug: Ondansetron oral tablets
Other Names:
  • Dexamethasone intravenous
  • Casopitant (GW679769) oral tablets
  • Ondansetron oral tablets
  • Casopitant (GW679769) intravenous
Drug: placebo
casopitant placebo
Experimental: Single dose oral
ondansetron 8 mg oral twice daily on Day 1-3 and dexamethasone 8 mg IV + casopitant 150 mg on Day 1
Drug: Casopitant (GW679769) oral tablets Drug: Dexamethasone intravenous Drug: Ondansetron oral tablets
Other Names:
  • Dexamethasone intravenous
  • Casopitant (GW679769) oral tablets
  • Ondansetron oral tablets
  • Casopitant (GW679769) intravenous
Experimental: 3-day oral
ondansetron 8 mg oral twice daily on Day 1-3 and dexamethasone 8 mg IV + casopitant 150 mg on Day 1 + 50 mg on days 2 & 3
Drug: Casopitant (GW679769) oral tablets Drug: Dexamethasone intravenous Drug: Ondansetron oral tablets
Other Names:
  • Dexamethasone intravenous
  • Casopitant (GW679769) oral tablets
  • Ondansetron oral tablets
  • Casopitant (GW679769) intravenous
Experimental: 3-day IV/oral
ondansetron 8 mg oral twice daily on Day 1-3 and dexamethasone 8 mg IV on Day 1 + 90 mg IV casopitant on day 1 and 50 mg oral casopitant on days 2 & 3
Drug: Casopitant (GW679769) oral tablets Drug: Casopitant (GW679769) intravenous Drug: Dexamethasone intravenous Drug: Ondansetron oral tablets
Other Names:
  • Dexamethasone intravenous
  • Casopitant (GW679769) oral tablets
  • Ondansetron oral tablets
  • Casopitant (GW679769) intravenous

Detailed Description:

A Phase III, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Active Controlled, Parallel Group Study of the Safety and Efficacy of the Intravenous and Oral Formulations of the Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonist, Casopitant (GW679769) in Combination with Ondansetron and Dexamethasone for the Prevention of Nausea and Vomiting Induced by Moderately Emetogenic Chemotherapy

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  • A subject will be considered eligible for inclusion in this study only if all of the following criteria apply:
  • Subject understands the nature and purpose of this study and the study procedures and has signed an informed consent form for this study to indicate this understanding.
  • At least 18 years of age.
  • Is scheduled to receive their first course of an anthracycline and cyclophosphamide containing moderately emetogenic chemotherapy regimen for the treatment of a solid malignant tumor as outlined in Section 8.1.1.
  • Has an ECOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2.
  • Hematologic and metabolic status must be adequate for receiving a moderately emetogenic regimen and meet the following criteria:

    • Total Neutrophils ≥ 1500/mm³(Standard units : ≥1.5 x 10^9/L)
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm³ (Standard units: ≥100.0 x 10^9/L)
    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Liver enzymes must be below the following limits:

      • Without known liver metastases: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal.
      • With known liver metastases: AST and/or ALT ≤ 5.0 x upper limit of normal.
  • Is willing and able to complete daily components of the subject diary for each study cycle.
  • Women of childbearing potential; must commit to consistent and correct use of an acceptable method of birth control; GSK acceptable contraceptive methods, when used consistently and in accordance with both the product label and the instructions of a physician, are as follows:

    1. Non-childbearing potential (i.e., physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant, including any female who is post-menopausal. For purposes of this study, postmenopausal is defined as one year without menses)
    2. child-bearing potential: must have a negative serum pregnancy test result or negative urine dipstick pregnancy test within 24 hours prior to the first dose of investigational product of Cycle 1, Day 1 and agrees to one of the following:

      • male partner who is sterile prior to the female subject's entry into the study and is the sole sexual partner for that female subject
      • oral contraceptives (e.g., oral, injectable, or implantable) with double-barrier method of contraception consisting of spermicide with either condom or diaphragm for a period after the trial to account for potential drug interaction (minimum of six weeks)
      • double-barrier method of contraception consisting of spermicide with either condom or diaphragm
      • intra-uterine device (IUD) with a documented failure rate of less than 1% per year
      • complete abstinence from intercourse for two weeks before exposure to the investigational product throughout the clinical trial, and for a period after the trial to account for elimination of the drug (minimum of three days),
      • if subjects indicate they will remain abstinent during the period described above, they must agree to follow GSK guidelines for the consistent and correct use of an acceptable method of birth control should they become sexually active.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Has previously received cytotoxic chemotherapy. A history of previous biological or hormonal therapy will be permitted.
  • Is a female subject who is pregnant or lactating.
  • Has received radiation therapy to the brain, abdomen, or pelvis in the ten days prior to the first dose of study medication or casopitant investigational product and/or will receive radiation therapy to the brain, abdomen, or the pelvis in the six days following the first dose of study medication (ZOFRAN and dexamethasone) or casopitant investigational product.
  • Is scheduled to receive taxane therapy during cycle 1. Note that subjects will be permitted to receive taxane therapy in conjunction with one of the allowed MEC regimens during subsequent cycles.
  • Has experienced emesis (i.e., vomiting and/or retching) or clinically significant nausea in the 24 hours preceding the first dose of study medication or casopitant investigational product.
  • Has a known central nervous system primary or metastatic malignancy, unless successfully treated with excision or radiation and has been medically stable for at least 1 week prior to receiving the first dose of study medication or casopitant investigational product.
  • Has history of documented peptic ulcer disease (via endoscopy or x-ray), active peptic ulcer disease, gastrointestinal obstruction, increased intracranial pressure, hypercalcemia, or any uncontrolled medical condition (other than malignancy) which in the opinion of the Investigator may confound the results of the study, represent another potential etiology for emesis and nausea (other than CINV) or pose an unwarranted risk to the subject.
  • Has a known hypersensitivity or contraindication to ZOFRAN, another 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, dexamethasone, or any component of casopitant.
  • Has previously received an NK-1 receptor antagonist.
  • Received an investigational drug in the previous 30 days or is scheduled to receive any investigational drug other than casopitant during the study period.
  • Has taken/received any medication of moderate or high emetogenic potential within the 48 hours prior to the first dose of study medication or casopitant investigational product. Opioid narcotics for cancer pain will be permitted if the subject has been on a stable dose and has not experienced emesis or nausea from the narcotics.
  • Has taken/received any medication with known or potential antiemetic activity within the 24-hour period prior to receiving study drug. This includes, but is not limited to:

    • 5-HT3 receptor antagonists (e.g., ondansetron, granisetron, dolasetron, tropisetron, ramosetron). Palonestron is not permitted within 7 days prior to administration of investigational product.
    • benzamide / benzamide derivatives (e.g., metoclopramide, alizapride)
    • benzodiazepines (except if the subject is receiving such medication for sleep or anxiety and has been on a stable dose for at least seven days prior to the first dose of casopitant investigational product; however, lorazepam is prohibited 24 hours prior to receiving study drug regardless of reason for use)
    • phenothiazines (e.g., prochlorperazine, promethazine, fluphenazine, perphenazine, thiethylperazine, chlorpromazine)
    • butyrophenone (e.g., haloperidol, droperidol)
    • corticosteroids (e.g., dexamethasone, methylprednisolone; with the exception of topical steroids for skin disorders, inhaled steroids for respiratory disorders, and prophylactic treatment for taxane therapy during subsequent cycles)
    • anticholinergics (e.g., scopolamine, with the exception of inhaled anticholingerics for respiratory disorders e.g., ipratropium bromide)
    • antihistamines (e.g., cyclizine, hydroxyzine, diphenhydramine), except for prophylactic use for taxane therapy during cycle 2-4
    • domperidone
    • cannabinoids
    • mirtazpine
    • olanzapine
  • Has taken/received strong or moderate inhibitors of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 for a specified period prior to administration of casopitant investigational product (see Section 8.2.1 "Inhibitors of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5")
  • Has taken/received inducers of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 within fourteen days prior to the administration of casopitant investigational product. (see Section 8.2.2 "Inducers of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5")
  • Is taking the anti-diabetic agent repaglinide or the diuretic torsemide. Investigators are advised to exercise caution if including patients taking the anti-diabetic agents rosiglitazone or pioglitazone, or antimalarial agents such as chloroquine and amodiaquine, as the metabolite of casopitant is a potential inhibitor of CYP2C8 (See Section 8.2.3 "Substrates for CYP2C8" and Section 8.4 "Necessary Caution with CYP2C8 Substrates").
  • Is currently taking or plans to take the any of the following CYP3A4 substrates: astemizole, cisapride, pimozide, terfenadine.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00366834

  Show 223 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00366834     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NKV102549
Study First Received: August 17, 2006
Last Updated: September 6, 2012
Health Authority: United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices
Ireland: Irish Medicines Board
Canada: Health Canada
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Anthracycline
Cyclophosphamide
Moderately
Nausea
Emetogenic
Vomiting

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nausea
Vomiting
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone
Ondansetron
Casopitant
Dexamethasone 21-phosphate
BB 1101
Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonists
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antipruritics
Dermatologic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 19, 2014