Intrauterine Environment in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Probands

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Andrea Dunaif, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00364949
First received: August 15, 2006
Last updated: April 3, 2013
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is among the most common endocrine disorders in premenopausal women, affecting 7-10% of this population. This syndrome is characterized by elevated levels of testosterone and chronic anovulation, and frequently of obesity. This study is designed to test the hypothesis that there is in utero testosterone excess, altered insulin secretion, and/or intrauterine growth retardation in the female offspring of women with PCOS. The allele 8 can be used to identify the reproductive and metabolic abnormalities associated with PCOS. This study will determine whether allele 8 positive [A8(+)] female offspring have more profound changes in these parameters compared to A8(-) female offspring.

Androgen and insulin levels in amniotic fluid from pregnant women with PCOS will be compared to levels in pregnant control women. Androgen and insulin levels in cord blood will also be measured. Further, gestational age and anthropomorphic measurements in offspring of women with PCOS will be assessed and compared to that in offspring of matched control women.

We will test the hypothesis that androgens are elevated in infancy in the female offspring of women with PCOS. We will assess sex steroids, insulin, and c-peptide levels in infants of PCOS women and compare them to the levels in infants of control women up to 1 year of age during the minipuberty of infancy. We will determine whether any of these parameters differ in A8(+) compared to A8(-) PCOS offspring.


Condition
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Genes, Androgens and Intrauterine Environment in PCOS

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Estradiol Level in Female Offspring [ Time Frame: One time sampling from the cord blood ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The blood that were analyzed were taken from cord blood and not from the offspring.

  • Androstenedione Level in Female Offspring [ Time Frame: cord blood ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Testosterone Level in Female Offspring [ Time Frame: cord blood ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • 17-hydroxyprogesterone Level in Female Offspring [ Time Frame: cord blood ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Dihydrotestosterone Level in Female Offspring [ Time Frame: cord blood ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Dehydroepiandrosterone Level in Female Offspring [ Time Frame: cord blood ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Infant Birth Weight (Male and Female) [ Time Frame: birth ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

blood


Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: January 2003
Study Completion Date: July 2012
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is among the most common endocrine disorders in premenopausal women, affecting 7-10% of this population. This syndrome is characterized by hyperandrogenism, chronic anovulation and, frequently, obesity. Hyperandrogenemia seems to be a consistent reproductive phenotype in male relatives as well as female relatives of PCOS women. This phenotype appears to have a genetic basis in PCOS families and shows significant linkage and association with a marker locus on chromosome 19p in the region of the insulin receptor (allele 8 of D19S884.). This allele is also recently found to be associated with a metabolic phenotype in PCOS probands and their brothers, including increased post-challenge glucose levels, apparent defects in insulin secretion, especially in response to sulfonylurea, and accelerated weight gain with age (unpublished date). Therefore, allele 8 status in PCOS probands and their family members can identify the reproductive and metabolic abnormalities.

Many epidemiologic studies showed a plausible link between low birth weight and chronic metabolic disorders manifested as hypertension, diabetes and obesity later in life, suggestive of an early fetal programming. There is evidence to support fetal origin of PCOS. Female rhesus monkeys that were exposed to excess androgen in utero, were born smaller for gestational age. These animals had many of the reproductive features of PCOS, including increased LH levels, irregular ovulation, polycystic ovaries and functional ovarian hyperandrogenism. Similarly, in retrospective cohort studies, girls with elevated adrenal androgen levels or with PCOS were significantly smaller for gestational age at birth than reproductively normal control girls, suggestive of a possible fetal origin for some features of PCOS in human studies. Molecular mechanism for fetal programming is not clearly understood, but permanent changes in gene expression caused early insult may be a factor.

HYPOTHESIS These observations have led to a new hypothesis for the etiology of PCOS; genetic variation resulting in hyperandrogenemia leads to many of the reproductive and metabolic features of PCOS later in life. We will directly test the hypothesis that there is an excess androgen production in female offspring of women with PCOS. Further, we will test whether A8(+) female offspring have more profound changes in these parameters (increased androgen and/or decreased insulin levels in fetal life and in infancy) compared to A8(-) female offspring.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Women with PCOS and control women and their offspring

Criteria

Probands who meet the following criteria will be enrolled:

Menses < 6 per year without confounding meds Not taking confounding medications at the time of hormone analysis, willing to be off confounding medications for required washout period, or able to provide documentation of hyperandrogenemia (without hyperprolactinemia or evidence of non-classical adrenal hyperplasia) with past laboratory tests during a time when not taking confounding medications Total Testosterone >58 ng/dl or bioavailable testosterone >15 ng/dl Prolactin <25 ng/ml Baseline 17-OHP <3 ng/ml (and stimulated 17-OHP <10 ng/ml if subject is studied on-site)

Control women who meet the following criteria will be enrolled:

History of completely regular menstrual cycles. No history of hirsutism or alopecia. Control women will have a blood sample obtained 3-6 months after they have stopped lactating and resumed regular menses to ensure that they have normal T, uT and DHEAS levels.

Any pregnant woman who develops gestational diabetes will be excluded from the analysis.

To exclude disorders associated with insulin resistance, control subjects will have no personal history of hypertension or hypertriglyceridemia and no first-degree relative with Type 2 DM

Exclusion Criteria:

  • history of gestational diabetes mellitus, eclampsia, pre-eclampsia or any medical disorders complicating their pregnancies.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00364949

Locations
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University School of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Andrea E Dunaif, MD Chief, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Medicine
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Andrea Dunaif, Charles F Kettering Professor of Endocrinology & Metabolism Vice Chair for Research, Department of Medicine, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00364949     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P50HD44405
Study First Received: August 15, 2006
Results First Received: July 19, 2010
Last Updated: April 3, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD):
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
PCOS
Pregnant
Cord Blood

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Ovarian Cysts
Cysts
Neoplasms
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Gonadal Disorders
Endocrine System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014