Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of E2007 in Levodopa Treated Parkinson's Disease Patients With Motor Fluctuations

This study has been terminated.
(Study stopped due to lack of efficacy.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eisai Inc. ( Eisai Limited )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00360308
First received: August 2, 2006
Last updated: June 26, 2014
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

Randomised, double-blind, double dummy, parallel group design. Following the screening period patients will be randomised at the baseline visit, in a 1:1:1 manner, to one of three treatment arms; 4 mg E2007, 200 mg entacapone (with each dose of levodopa) or placebo. The first 4 weeks of the double blind phase will be used to titrate patients on the E2007 arm from 2 mg up to the maintenance dose of 4 mg. Patients randomised to entacapone or placebo will have dummy up titrations to maintain the blind. Following this titration phase, patients will remain on the maintenance dose for a further 14 weeks.

Patients will have visits at 2, 4, 6, 10, 14 and 18 weeks after baseline. A follow up visit will be performed at Week 22.

A home diary will be completed in which patients rate themselves as either:

  1. "OFF"
  2. "ON" without dyskinesias
  3. "ON" with non-troublesome dyskinesias
  4. "ON" with troublesome dyskinesias
  5. Asleep

These entries will be completed every 30 minutes during the waking day and will be completed for three consecutive days immediately prior to visits at Baseline, Weeks 6, 10, 18 and 22.

At Baseline (Day 0), week 10 and 18 the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS - Parts I, II , III and IV) will be performed.

At the end of the treatment period (Week 18), patients will undergo final efficacy and safety assessments and will stop taking the study medication they were receiving. They will be seen 4 weeks later for a follow up visit.


Condition Intervention Phase
Parkinson's Disease
Drug: Placebo
Drug: E2007
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-centre, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo and Entacapone Controlled, Parallel Group Study of the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of E2007 in Levodopa Treated Parkinson's Disease Patients With Motor Fluctuations

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Eisai Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline in Total Daily OFF Time (Hours) to Week 18 (Including LOCF Data) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Efficacy assessments were recorded by subjects using a home diary card. ON state is when medication is providing benefits to mobility, slowness, and stiffness. OFF state is when medication has worn off and is no longer providing benefits with regard to stiffness, slowness, and tremor.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline in UPDRS Part II (ADL) Score in Total Daily OFF Time to Week 18 (Including LOCF Data) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Efficacy assessments were recorded by subjects using a home diary card. Unified Parkinson's Disease (PD) Rating Scale (UPDRS) is a standardized assessment of the symptoms and signs of PD. Part II assesses Activities of Daily Living (ADL) based on 13 items, such as speech, hygiene, and falling. Participants receive a score of 0-4 points per item, with a higher score indicating more severe symptoms. OFF state is when medication has worn off and is no longer providing benefits with regard to stiffness, slowness, and tremor.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in UPDRS Part III (Motor) Score in ON State (Hours) to Week 18 (Including LOCF Data) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Efficacy assessments were recorded by subjects using a home diary card. UPDRS is a standardized assessment of the symptoms and signs of PD. Part III assesses motor activity, based on 14 items, such as gait, facial expression, and rigidity. Participants receive a score of 0-4 points per item, with a higher score indicating more severe symptoms. ON state is when medication is providing benefits to stiffness, slowness, and tremor.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Total Daily ON Time (Without Dyskinesias or With Non-troublesome Dyskinesias) (Hours) to Week 18 (Including LOCF Data) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Efficacy assessments were recorded by subjects using a home diary card. ON state is when medication is providing benefits to stiffness, slowness, and tremor.


Enrollment: 723
Study Start Date: November 2006
Study Completion Date: April 2008
Primary Completion Date: April 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
matching E2007 and matching entacapone
Drug: Placebo
Active Comparator: E2007
2 mg once daily in the evening, Weeks 0→2 (2 weeks) and 4 mg once daily in the evening, Weeks 2→18.
Drug: E2007
Active Comparator: Entacapone
200 mg with each dose of Levodopa.
Drug: E2007

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female patients with idiopathic PD fulfilling the (United Kingdom [UK]) Parkinson's disease Society Brain Bank diagnostic criteria, with a good response to levodopa.
  2. Patients must have been diagnosed with idiopathic PD at ≥ 30 years of age. In addition the onset of symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease must have occurred ≥ 30 years of age.
  3. Patients must have predictable motor fluctuations of the wearing OFF type with the presence of at least 2 hrs of OFF time during the waking day (excluding the morning OFF time) as evidenced by diary cards completed at screening and confirmed by diary data collected in the 3 day diaries completed before randomisation.
  4. Before patients are randomised, they must be able to show that they are able to accurately complete the diary cards. During the diary-training period at Screening Visit 1, there must be diary evidence of at least one transition of OFF to ON or from ON to OFF.
  5. Patients must rate between II IV on the Hoehn &Yahr (8) scale when in an OFF state.
  6. Patients must be taking optimised levodopa (plus dopamine decarboxylase inhibitors [DDI]) therapy (according to the Investigator's opinion) at least 3 times during the waking day (not including bedtime/night time dose) up to a maximum of 8 doses daily (including bedtime/night time dose).
  7. Patients who are treated with DA or MAOB inhibitors or other anti-PD drugs must be on optimised and stable doses for at least 4 weeks prior to the Screening visit and must remain stable throughout the study. Only levodopa dosage can be adjusted downwards in the first 6 weeks of the double blind treatment phase.
  8. In the Investigator's opinion, patients must be able to distinguish their own motor states and the absence or presence of troublesome or non-troublesome dyskinesias.
  9. In the Investigator's opinion, patients are able to complete the study including the completion of the home diary cards and are capable of giving full written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnant or lactating women.
  2. Women of child bearing potential unless infertile (including surgically sterile) or practicing effective contraception (e.g., abstinence, intrauterine device or barrier method plus hormonal method). These patients must have a negative serum B-human chorionic gonadotrophin (B-HCG) test at the initial screening visit (Visit 1) and a negative urine pregnancy test at the baseline visit (Visit 3). These patients must also be willing to remain on their current form of contraception for the duration of the study. Postmenopausal women may be recruited but must be amenorrhoeic for at least 1 year to be considered of non child bearing potential as determined by the Investigator.
  3. Patients with a past or present history of drug or alcohol abuse as per Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition; DSM IV) criteria.
  4. Patients with a past (within 1 year) or present history of psychotic symptoms requiring anti psychotic treatment. Patients may be taking anti-depressant medication; however, the dose must be stable for 4 weeks prior to the Screening visit. Use of anti psychotic medication including clozapine and quetiapine is prohibited.
  5. Patients with a past (within 1 year) or present history of major depression, suicidal ideation or suicide attempts.
  6. Patients with unstable abnormalities of the hepatic, renal, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastro-intestinal, haematological, endocrine or metabolic systems that might complicate assessment of the tolerability of the study medication.
  7. Patients who have a past or present history of liver impairment, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, non traumatic rhabdomyolysis or pheochromocytoma.
  8. Patients with significantly elevated liver enzymes (abnormal bilirubin or serum transaminase levels of more than 1.5 times the upper normal limit).
  9. Patients with current or prior treatment (within 4 weeks prior to the Screening visit) with medication known to induce the enzyme CYP3A4.
  10. Current or prior treatment (within 4 weeks prior to the Screening visit) with pergolide (only applies to patients entering after April 5, 2007), cabergoline (effective as of the date of the IRB/IEC approval of this amendment), tolcapone, methyldopa, budipine, reserpine, quetiapine or intermittent use of either liquid forms of levodopa or subcutaneous apomorphine.
  11. Current treatment with non selective MAOA/B or combination of selective MAOA and selective MAOB inhibitors.
  12. Patients with a known hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients of entacapone.
  13. Patients with previous stereotactic surgery (e.g., pallidotomy) for PD or with planned stereotactic surgery during the study period.
  14. Patients receiving or with planned (next 6 months) deep brain stimulation.
  15. Patients who have received entacapone previously or are currently using entacapone.
  16. Patients who have received an investigational product within 4 weeks prior to the Screening visit or patients who have participated in a previous study with E2007.
  17. Patients with clinically significant cognitive impairment (Mini Mental State Examination [MMSE] <24 or fulfilling DSM IV criteria for dementia due to PD).
  18. Patients with conditions affecting the peripheral or central sensory system unless related to PD (such as mild sensory or pain syndromes limited to OFF periods) that could interfere with the evaluation of any such symptoms caused by the study drug.
  19. Patients with any condition that would make the patient, in the opinion of the Investigator, unsuitable for the study.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00360308

Locations
France
Pavillon Riser- Hopital Purpan
Toulouse Cedex, France, 31059
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eisai Limited
Investigators
Study Director: David Squillacote, M.D. Eisai Inc.
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Eisai Inc. ( Eisai Limited )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00360308     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: E2007-G000-309, 2006-002937-20
Study First Received: August 2, 2006
Results First Received: October 23, 2012
Last Updated: June 26, 2014
Health Authority: European Union: European Medicines Agency

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Parkinson Disease
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Levodopa
Entacapone
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014