Erlotinib and Sirolimus for the Treatment of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma
The purpose of this study is to test the safety and efficacy of the combination of erlotinib hydrochloride (Tarceva™) and sirolimus (Rapamune™) in the treatment of patients with metastatic kidney cancer.
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Drug: Erlotinib hydrochloride
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase II Single Arm Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of the Combination of Tarceva™ (Erlotinib Hydrochloride) and Rapamune™ (Sirolimus) in the Treatment of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma.|
- Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Physical exam assessments were performed every 4 weeks during the treatment phase. Survival follow-up information was collected every 4 months following the termination visit until death, loss to follow-up, or study termination up to 275 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Time to progression was defined as the time from beginning of therapy until disease progression or death. For subjects who had not progressed at the time of statistical analysis, progression-free survival was censored at the date of their last tumor assessment. Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate median progression-free survival. Progression was defined as radiographic progression according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria (year 2000 version), non-compliance in obtaining scans, unequivocal clinical progression or the initiation of another medication for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma.
- Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Survival follow-up information was collected every 4 months following the termination visit until death, loss to follow-up, or study termination up to 275 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]For all subjects who had not died at the time of statistical analysis, duration of survival will was censored at the date of last contact. Kaplan-Meier methodology was used to estimate the magnitude of the treatment effect as described for progression-free survival.
|Study Start Date:||July 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Erlotinib and Sirolimus
Erlotinib hydrochloride (Tarceva) will be self-administered in an open-label unblinded manner to all patients enrolled in the study. During the treatment period, patients will receive single-agent Tarceva, 150 mg/day.
Sirolimus (Rapamune) will be self-administered in an open-label unblinded manner to all patients enrolled in the study. Patients will receive a loading dose of 6 mg of Rapamune seven days after beginning treatment with Tarceva™ followed by a dose of 2mg/day.
Drug: Erlotinib hydrochloride
Patients will receive single-agent Tarceva, 150 mg/day
Other Name: TarcevaDrug: Sirolimus
Patients will receive a loading dose of 6 mg of Rapamune seven days after beginning treatment with Tarceva™ followed by a dose of 2mg/day.
Other Name: Rapamune
Despite recent advances metastatic renal cell carcinoma remains an incurable condition. Currently available treatment with high-dose interleukin-2 can lead to complete responses in a small minority of selected patients but is markedly toxic and not broadly available. FDA-approved multikinase inhibitors (sorafenib and sunitinib malate) often cause partial and transient tumor regression. There is no standard treatment metastatic renal cell carcinoma for patients whose disease progressed on multikinase inhibitors. The kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is overstimulated in a subset of renal cell carcinomas and other malignancies and can be blocked by sirolimus leading to growth arrest. Erlotinib hydrochloride is a drug that blocks the function of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), often over expressed in kidney cancer. Sirolimus and EGFR inhibitors and been safely used in combination. In vitro experiments show that erlotinib enhances the sirolimus induced growth impairment in a panel of renal cell carcinoma cells. In the present study patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma whose disease progressed on multikinase inhibitors will be treated with the combination of erlotinib hydrochloride (Tarceva™) and sirolimus (Rapamune™). This is a single arm trial with no placebo or drug-based control arm
|United States, Colorado|
|University of Colorado Hospital|
|Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80010|
|Principal Investigator:||Thomas W Flaig, MD||University of Colorado, Denver|