Vincristine, Dactinomycin, and Doxorubicin With or Without Radiation Therapy or Observation Only in Treating Younger Patients Who Are Undergoing Surgery for Newly Diagnosed Stage I, Stage II, or Stage III Wilms' Tumor

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00352534
First received: July 13, 2006
Last updated: April 23, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

This phase III trial is studying vincristine, dactinomycin, and doxorubicin with or without radiation therapy or observation only to see how well they work in treating patients undergoing surgery for newly diagnosed stage I, stage II, or stage III Wilms' tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, dactinomycin, and doxorubicin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving these treatments after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery. Sometimes, after surgery, the tumor may not need additional treatment until it progresses. In this case, observation may be sufficient.


Condition Intervention Phase
Stage I Wilms Tumor
Stage II Wilms Tumor
Stage III Wilms Tumor
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Biological: dactinomycin
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment for Very Low and Standard Risk Favorable Histology Wilms Tumor

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Children's Oncology Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Event-free survival [ Time Frame: 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Event Free Survival (EFS) will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Overall Survival (OS) will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of contralateral kidney lesions in patients with very low-risk disease [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence of renal failure in patients with very low risk disease with metachronous relapse [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 808
Study Start Date: October 2006
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Nephrectomy and re-evaluation (very low-risk disease)
Patients undergo nephrectomy only. If they meet criteria, they are then observed periodically for 5 years. Patients with recurrent disease undergo surgery (immediate or delayed) and receive chemotherapy as in stratum III. Patients with no metachronous renal disease receive radiotherapy. Patients with metachronous disease undergo renal-sparing surgery and chemotherapy as in stratum III, but no radiotherapy. Treatment continues for up to 25 weeks.
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo surgery
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • leurocristine sulfate
  • VCR
  • Vincasar PFS
Biological: dactinomycin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ACT-D
  • actinomycin C1
  • AD
  • Cosmegen
  • DACT
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADM
  • ADR
  • Adria
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
Patients undergo radiotherapy
Other Names:
  • 3D conformal radiation therapy
  • 3D-CRT
Experimental: Nephrectomy, chemotherapy (standard-risk, stg I or II)
Patients undergo nephrectomy. Between 9 and 14 days post-nephrectomy, patients receive vincristine IV beginning on day 1, every week for 10 weeks then every 3 weeks for a total of 15 doses. Patients receive dactinomycin IV beginning day 1, alternating every 3 weeks with doxorubicin hydrochloride IV for a total of 5 doses of dactinomycin and 4 doses of doxorubicin. Treatment continues for up to 25 weeks.
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo surgery
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • leurocristine sulfate
  • VCR
  • Vincasar PFS
Biological: dactinomycin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ACT-D
  • actinomycin C1
  • AD
  • Cosmegen
  • DACT
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADM
  • ADR
  • Adria
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
Patients undergo radiotherapy
Other Names:
  • 3D conformal radiation therapy
  • 3D-CRT
Experimental: Nephrectomy/biopsy, chemotherapy (standard-risk, stage III)
Patients undergo nephrectomy, if feasible, or biopsy. For patients who undergo biopsy only, definitive surgery is undertaken at week 7 or 13. Between 9 and 14 days post-nephrectomy, patients receive vincristine IV beginning on day 1 every week for 10 weeks then every 3 weeks for a total of 15 doses. Patients receive dactinomycin IV beginning day 1, alternating every 3 weeks with doxorubicin hydrochloride IV for a total of 5 doses of dactinomycin and 4 dose of doxorubicin hydrochloride. Patients undergo radiotherapy over 5-7 days after nephrectomy. Treatment continues for up to 25 weeks.
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo surgery
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • leurocristine sulfate
  • VCR
  • Vincasar PFS
Biological: dactinomycin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ACT-D
  • actinomycin C1
  • AD
  • Cosmegen
  • DACT
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADM
  • ADR
  • Adria
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
Patients undergo radiotherapy
Other Names:
  • 3D conformal radiation therapy
  • 3D-CRT

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the overall and event-free survival of younger patients with newly diagnosed stage I favorable histology Wilms' tumor (< 2 years of age and < 550gms) treated with nephrectomy only (very low risk), or with newly diagnosed stage III favorable histology Wilms tumor with possible nephrectomy followed by vincristine, dactinomycin, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and radiotherapy (standard risk).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the effects of adding doxorubicin hydrochloride to the regimen for patients with stage I or II favorable histology found to have a high-risk biological marker.

II. Determine whether the omission of adjuvant therapy increases the incidence of contralateral kidney lesions in patients with very low-risk disease treated by nephrectomy and observation only.

III. Determine whether the omission of adjuvant therapy increases the incidence of renal failure in patients with very low-risk disease who have metachronous relapse.

IV. Correlate study outcomes in patients with standard-risk disease with biological data from tissue collections on protocol study COG-AREN03B2.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to clinical and biological risk factors (very low risk vs standard risk).

STRATUM I: (very low-risk disease) Patients undergo nephrectomy only. If they meet criteria, they are then observed periodically for 5 years. Patients with recurrent disease undergo surgery (immediate or delayed) and receive chemotherapy as in stratum III. Patients with no metachronous renal disease receive radiotherapy. Patients with metachronous disease undergo renal-sparing surgery and chemotherapy as in stratum III, but no radiotherapy. Treatment continues for up to 25 weeks.

STRATUM II: (standard-risk, stage I or II disease with adverse biological marker) Patients undergo nephrectomy. Between 9 and 14 days post-nephrectomy, patients receive vincristine IV beginning on day 1, every week for 10 weeks then every 3 weeks for a total of 15 doses. Patients receive dactinomycin IV beginning day 1, alternating every 3 weeks with doxorubicin hydrochloride IV for a total of 5 doses of dactinomycin and 4 doses of doxorubicin. Treatment continues for up to 25 weeks.

STRATUM III: (standard-risk, stage III disease) Patients undergo nephrectomy, if feasible, or biopsy. For patients who undergo biopsy only, definitive surgery is undertaken at week 7 or 13. Between 9 and 14 days post-nephrectomy, patients receive vincristine IV beginning on day 1 every week for 10 weeks then every 3 weeks for a total of 15 doses. Patients receive dactinomycin IV beginning day 1, alternating every 3 weeks with doxorubicin hydrochloride IV for a total of 5 doses of dactinomycin and 4 dose of doxorubicin hydrochloride. Patients undergo radiotherapy over 5-7 days after nephrectomy. Treatment continues for up to 25 weeks.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 8 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 29 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed Wilms' tumor

    • Newly diagnosed stage I-III disease
    • Favorable histology
  • No moderate- or high-risk Wilms' predisposition syndromes
  • Must meet 1 of the following disease stratification categories:

    • Very low-risk disease

      • Stage I disease
      • Age < 2 years
      • Tumor weight < 550 g
      • Regional lymph nodes histologically negative (must have been sampled)
      • No pulmonary metastases on CT scan of chest
      • No synchronous bilateral Wilms tumors (Stage V)
      • Not predisposed to develop bilateral Wilms tumors, defined as unilateral Wilms tumor and any of the following:

        • Aniridia
        • Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome
        • Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome
        • Denys-Drash syndrome or other associated genito-urinary anomalies
        • Multicentric WT or unilateral WT with contralateral nephrogenic rest(s) in a child < 1 year of age
        • Diffuse hyperplastic perilobar nephroblastomatosis
    • Standard-risk disease meeting 1 of the following criteria:

      • Disease does not require radiotherapy

        • LOH at chromosomes 1p and 16q for stage I or II
        • Stage I disease meeting 1 of the following criteria:

          • Age ≥ 2 years to age < 30 years
          • Tumor weight ≥ 500 g
        • Stage II disease

          • Age < 30 years
          • Any tumor weight
      • Disease requires radiotherapy

        • No LOH at chromosomes 1p and 16q*
        • Stage III disease
  • Must be enrolled on protocol COG-AREN03B2
  • Karnofsky performance status (PS) 50-100% for patients > 16 years old
  • Lansky PS 50-100% for patients ≤ 16 years old
  • Bilirubin (direct) ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST or ALT < 2.5 times ULN
  • Shortening fraction ≥ 27% by echocardiogram OR ejection fraction ≥ 50% by radionuclide angiogram (standard-risk disease)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patient must use effective contraception
  • No prior tumor-directed chemotherapy or radiotherapy

    • Patients transferring from AREN03B2 with LOH 1p and 16q allowed
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00352534

  Show 215 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Oncology Group
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Conrad Fernandez, MD Children's Oncology Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00352534     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AREN0532, NCI-2009-01067, CDR0000487540, COG-AREN0532, AREN0532, U10CA098543
Study First Received: July 13, 2006
Last Updated: April 23, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Wilms Tumor
Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Dactinomycin
Cactinomycin
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Vincristine
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 27, 2014