Sun Protection for Florida's Children
Purpose of the project is to develop a school-based intervention aimed at increasing hat use when children are outside at home and at school. The intervention is targeted to fourth grade children in Hillsborough County, Florida and is based on Theory of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior. It is structured to accomplish the following goals: (a) increase sun protection knowledge of children in regards to hat use,(b) foster more positive attitudes in regard to wearing hats,(c) change the subjective norms of wearing hats (d) target persons that children perceive as controlling their behavior of wearing hats(parents,teachers) and increase the use of hats when children are outdoors at school(primary outcome) and when outdoors at times other than school(secondary outcome).
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Sun Protection for Florida's Children|
- Increase the use of hats when children are outside at school [ Time Frame: june 2008 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Increase the hat use when children are outside at times other than school [ Time Frame: june 2008 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Sun Protection Intervention
School based sun protection education, provision of free hats.
Behavioral: Increasing hat use
Sun protection intervention that address sun protection knowledge, attitudes, social norms, and perceived behavioral controls. Intervention also provides free wide brimmed hats
No Intervention: Control arm
Usual sun protection practices
Intervention is aimed at encouraging students to use a wide brim hat when participating in outdoor activities. To accomplish this goal our approach will be multifaceted and will include:
- individual sessions with school principals to facilitate a school policy that encourages hat use when children are outdoors.
- sessions with fourth grade teachers that explains the importance of sun protection and hat use, and that addresses potential concerns by teachers.
- classroom sessions with fourth grade children that improves sun protection knowledge, fosters more positive attitudes about hat use. and that changes the subjective norm of wearing hats when at school.
- follow-up sessions in which children are provided free hats with a customized design that represents their school.
- sun protection educational materials that are mailed to the parents of targeted children.
|United States, Florida|
|Univeristy of South Florida|
|Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612|
|Principal Investigator:||Richard G Roetzheim, MD, MSPH||Department of Family Medicine, USF|