Xyrem for Treatment Refractory Insomnia Due to PTSD
Xyrem (sodium oxybate) is an agent with the propensity to improve slow wave sleep and sleep efficiency. It is FDA approved to treat cataplexy (drop attacks) associated with narcolepsy (sleep attacks). It has been shown to be a safe and effective agent here where deep, restorative slow wave sleep improves and next day cataplexy attacks tend not to occur.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric illness where a patient has witnessed or been involved in a traumatic event. After the event is over, nightmares, flashbacks, avoidance of people and places associated with trauma and hyperarousal occur which is incapacitating to the patient. One major part of PTSD hyperarousal is marked insomnia with multiple awakenings at night. This resultant poor sleep is compounded by use of SSRI serotonergic antianxiety agents (ie Zoloft(sertraline)) as first line therapy which tend to degrade slow wave, restorative sleep. Patients may respond to SSRI treatment but may fail to remit as they continue to have sleep problems. PTSD patients will often fail to respond to antihistamine (Desyrel (trazodone)) and benzodiazepine GABA hypnotic agents (Restoril(temazepam)) and continue with poor, interrupted sleep. It is possible that Xyrem's ability to remarkably improve slow wave sleep may greatly help treatment refractory insomnia due to PTSD.
The author proposes an open-label study (no placebo) where 10 PTSD patients, who have failed usual PTSD treatments and have failed usual insomnia treatments in particular will be given Xyrem in addition to their current PTSD medication. The authors wish to determine if Xyrem is a safe treatment optionin this difficult-to-treat patient population.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Xyrem for Treatment Refractory Insomnia Due to PTSD|
|Study Start Date:||August 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|United States, New York|
|SUNY Upstate Medical University|
|Syracuse, New York, United States, 13210|
|Principal Investigator:||Thomas L Schwartz, MD||State University of New York - Upstate Medical University|