Omacor for the Treatment of Vascular Dysfunction in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
The purpose of the study is to determine whether a 6-week treatment with 4 g Omacor/day improves the baseline and postprandial endothelial function (after a high-fat meal) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effects of Treatment With Omacor for 6 Weeks on Preprandial and Postprandial Endothelial Function Following a High Fat Meal in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus|
- Postprandial (2, 4 and 6 hours) flow-mediated vasodilation after a 6-week treatment with Omacor
- Baseline flow-mediated vasodilation after a 6-week treatment with Omacor
|Study Start Date:||April 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a 2 to 5-fold increase in cardiovascular mortality compared to non-diabetics.
Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is an early messenger of atherosclerosis and is present in states showing a high cardiovascular (CV) risk, such as active and passive smoking, dyslipidemia, arterial hypertension, obesity, hyperhomocysteinemia, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure and type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Endothelial function is a variable with a large day-to-day variation and shows great excursions even within one day. Several factors might play a role such as hormonal status, physical activity, sleep quality, but the most important seems to be the postprandial state. Postprandial ED was demonstrated not only in patients with CV disease or diabetes, but even in healthy subjects. A large body of evidence has accumulated showing distinctive and cumulative effects of hyperglycemia and hypertriglyceridemia on postprandial ED. Since postprandial dysmetabolism was linked to CVD, ED was proposed to be the mechanism connecting them. Considering that the postprandial state covers most of our daytime, interventions targeting a reduction in postprandial ED might play a decisive role in atherosclerosis prevention.
For the treatment of postprandial ED several therapeutical approaches have been suggested such as folic acid, tetrahydrobiopterin, vitamins C and E and statins.
Some properties of omega-3 fatty acids suggest that such an impairment of postprandial endothelial dysfunction could be prevented by treatment with Omacor® and the purpose of our study is to demonstrate that a six-week therapy with Omacor prevents endothelial dysfunction in fasting state and following a high-fat meal.
Several controlled clinical studies conducted in persons with TM2DM or after myocardial infarction have shown that consumption of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) have several beneficial effects such as: lowers risk of primary cardiac arrest, reduces triglyceride levels, increases high-density lipoprotein levels, reduces platelet aggregability, acts anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating, lowers blood pressure and improves endothelial function.
Consumption of n-3 fatty acids was shown to positively influence platelet, fibrinolytic and vascular function in hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients. Mediterranean- style diet restores markers of endothelial dysfunction and inflammation in persons with metabolic syndrome and improves endothelial function in hypercholesterolemic men.
Since Omacor contains in high-dose purified n-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid (EPA and DHA), our first hypothesis is that a 6-week therapy with 4g/d Omacor improves fasting endothelial function in persons with T2DM.
In patients with T2DM, a three-week diet with a high amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids compared to a diet with a high amount of monounsaturated fatty acids, produces a significantly lower increase in postprandial lipemia after an oral fat load. Since postprandial lipemia induces transient endothelial dysfunction, our second hypothesis is that treatment with Omacor prevents postprandial impairment of endothelial function after a high fat meal.
|Heart- and Diabetes Centre NRW, Diabetes Clinic|
|Bad Oeynhausen, NRW, Germany, 32545|
|Principal Investigator:||Diethelm Tschoepe, MD, Prof.||Heart and Diabetes Center North-Rhine Westfalia|
|Principal Investigator:||Alin Stirban, MD||Heart and Diabetes Center North-Rhine Westfalia|